Annual Report 2000 - 2001
Sophisticated Instrumentation Centres (RSIC)
Sophisticated analytical instruments are required
for scientific research in many areas. These instruments are
not available to a large number of users at R&D institutions,
Universities/Colleges and industries. Non-availability of
these instruments makes it difficult for scientists to pursue
high research and important developments/discoveries in Science
& Technology. Department of Science & Technology has
set up Regional Sophisticated Instrumentation Centres (RSICs)
and Sophisticated Instrumentation Facilities (SIFs) way back
in 1974 and in subsequent years to provide facilities of Sophisticated
Analytical Instruments to the scientists/users covering different
regions of the country. The RSICs/SIFs are located at IIT,
Chennai; IIT, Mumbai; Bose Institute, Calcutta; CDRI, Lucknow;
Punjab University, Chandigarh; NEHU, Shillong; Nagpur University,
Nagpur; V.V. Nagar, Gujarat; IISc, Bangalore; AIIMS, New Delhi;
Guwahati University, Guwahati. In addition, EPMA facility
has been supported at University of Roorkee.
Equipment Available in RSICs/SIFs
RSICs/SIFs are equipped with sophisticated analytical
instruments such as ICP, NMR, EPR, Mass Spectrometers, XRD,
TEM, SEM etc. TEM, UV-VIS-NIR Spectrophotometer and FT-IR
Spectrometer were procured by SICART, V.V. Nagar during the
year. Secretary, Department of Science & Technology formally
inaugurated this Centre. The users have started utilising
In order to enhance the capabilities of the
existing instruments at these Centres, a few accessories such
as Graphite Furnace for AAS were provided. Majority of the
instruments at the RSICs/SIFs are being maintained inhouse
by the Centres.
Utilisation of Facilities at RSICs/SIFs
- About 5000 scientists/users have been utilising
the facilities at RSICs/SIFs. Users from almost all the
universities have been utilising the services offered by
- About 50,000 samples were analysed at the
RSICs/SIFs during the year.
- RSICs/SIFs have been organising short term
courses/training programmes to create awareness among the
users about the application of various instruments/analytical
techniques and on maintenance/repair/use of instruments.
Some of the training programmes organised by the Centres
are as follows:
- Short term training programme on
Scientific Instruments and training programme on
advanced physical chemistry by RSIC, Chennai.
- Training in operation and maintenance of GLC, HPLC and
IR by RSIC, Lucknow.
- Workshop on Electron Microscopy by RSIC, Chandigarh.
- Recent advances in Electron Microscopy and Workshop
on FT-NMR Spectroscopy
by RSIC, NEHU, Shillong.
- Training programmes on Sample processing, viewing of
samples and maintenance of
SEM and TEM by SIF, New Delhi.
- International symposium on Luminescence and its applications
and a short term
course on Electron Microscopy by SICART, V.V. Nagar.
- A symposium on NMR Facility by SIF, Bangalore.
- Value added services are being provided by
the Centres to the users by offering a total package of
solution to problems including sampling, spectrum analysis
and interpretation of results.
- Instrument prototypes and accessories to
the existing instruments are being developed by some Centres.
Unique Measurements/ Methods
Improvement Of S&T Infrasdtructure In Universities And
Higher Educational Institutions (FIST)
- Improved pulsed scheme for hetro nuclear
dipolar has been developed by SIF, Bangalore.
- New method for quantum logic gates and
quantum algorithm has been developed using NMR by SIF, Bangalore.
- New method for setting the magic angle
for solid state NMR has been developed by SIF, Bangalore.
- Detection of heavy metal toxicity and
trace element deficiency in wild animals of
North-East was carried out by RSIC, NEHU, Shillong.
- Pathogenic microbes on soiled currency
notes were detected by RSIC, Shillong using
In order to meet the diverse challenges of the
next millenium, an urgent need for strengthening the existing
S&T infrastructure support system in the universities
and other academic institutions was felt. A major new initiative
for rebuilding the Science & Technology infrastructure
titled "Fund for Improvement of S&T infrastructure
in universities and higher educational institutions (FIST)
was launched during the year. The scheme aims to provide basic
infrastructure and enabling facilities and environment for
promoting R&D in new and emerging areas and attracting
fresh talent. The total allocation of funds is Rs 75.0 Crores
during the current 9th Plan period.
Against an open advertisement 1158 proposals
for support in two levels and six different broad subject
areas namely Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Engineering
Sciences, Chemical Sciences, Earth & Atmospheric Sciences
and Mathematical Sciences have been received from different
universities and academic institutions. These proposals were
categorized according to the levels and subject areas as given
Number of Proposals Received in the Program
||Level - I
||Level - II
||Earth & Atmospheric Sciences
The Department through a two-tier Committee
structure: Advisory Board of Experts on FIST (FISTAB) and
six Subject Expert Committees for the above mentioned six
broad subject areas, short-listed 295 Proposals (Level-I:
199, Level-II: 96) for detailed presentation. Subsequent to
the presentation by the short-listed Departments/ Institutions,
222 Proposals (Level - I: 158, Level - II: 64) in all areas
at a total cost of Rs 118.82 Crores for 5 years duration were
recommended by the Expert Committees for consideration of
the FISTAB. The FISTAB has finally recommended 221 Proposals
(Level I : 186 & Level II: 35) at a total budget of Rs
111.93 Crores for five years. The subject area-wise details
of recommended budget are given below:
||Level - I(Rs in Crores)[No.
||Level - II(Rs in Crores)[No.
||Total(Rs in Crores)[No.
||Earth & Atmospheric
To Professional Bodies & Seminar/ Symposia
The S&T Professional Bodies and Academies of Science &
Engineering play an important role in creating a cohesiveness
amongst the Scientific community by arranging regular Annual
Technical Meetings & Seminars, Conferences, Workshops
etc. and publishing scientific journals, annals and bulletins.
During the year, 75 professional bodies were provided partial
support for undertaking various S&T activities. These
include Asiatic Society of Pediatric Urology; Association
for Advancement of Entomology; Indian National Cartographic
Association; Indian Academy of Social Sciences; Indian Physics
Association; Institution of Chemists; Indian Science News
Association; Waterfalls Institute of Technology; Centre for
Philosophy and Foundation of Science; Institution of Surveyors;
Indian Chemical Society; Forum D' Analysts; IETE; Indian Institute
of Metals; Indian Society of Life Sciences; International
Medical Science Academy; Metrology Society of India; Guha
Research Conference; Indian Association for the Advancement
of Veterinary Research; Indian Geological Congress; etc. Some
of the professional societies that were supported on a continuing
basis include Current Science Association; Geological Society
of India; National Institute of Advanced Studies; Chennai
Mathematical Institute; Bombay Natural History Society; Society
of Indian Ocean Studies; Jagadis Bose National Science Talent
The Department also extended partial support,
on a selective basis, for organising seminars/ symposia/ training
programs/ workshops/ Conferences at national as well as international
level. The support is provided to Research Institutes/ Universities/
Medical & Engineering Colleges and other academic Institutes/
professional bodies who organise such events for the scientific
community to keep abreast of the latest developments in their
specific areas. The support is generally towards encouraging
participation of Young scientists and Research workers in
such events and publication of Proceedings/ Abstracts for
In the current year, 148 seminar/ symposia including
42 international events were provided financial support. Important
ones supported are Indian Science Congress, Works of S Ramanujan,
International Conference on 'Microbial Biotechnology Trade
and Public Policy', Global Sustainable Biotech Congress 2000
AD, LATTICE-2000, STRINGS 2001, Automated Data Analysis in
Astronomy, Condensed Matter, ISOMALAM-2000, Pediatric Urology,
19th All India Manufacturing Technology Design & Research
(AIMTDR), Flowmetering and Control, Aging, Bioinorganic Chemistry,
DNA Enzymes, Land Use Change environment and Sustainable Development,
Monitoring Environment, Fibre Optics and Photonics, Integrated
Water Resources Management for Sustainable Development, Haemoglobinopathies,
Materials Analysis & Nanophase Materials, ENTOMOCONGRESS
2000, Analysis and its applications, XX INCA Congress, Mycobacterial
Diseases, Green Chemistry etc.
The Department had completely fulfilled its
commitment towards construction of Seminar Complex at Central
University, Hyderabad which has been recently completed and
likely to be operational soon.
Assistance For Participation In Conferences Abroad (PFA)
During the current year, 588 candidates have
been supported which include 124 Young scientists. Some of
the important events in which the Indian scientists participated
are World Conference on Radiation Oncology, Environmental
Pollution, Plant Tissue & Cell, Materials & mechanisms
of superconductivity & HTS, Earthquake Engineering, Solid
Waste Technology Conference, Congress on Plant Molecular Biology,
International Congress of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology
The scientists get an exposure at International
level where they can discuss their research findings for critical
evaluation and review. The Indian participation has also helped
in inviting important and prestigious International events