Annual Report 2000 - 2001
International S&T Cooperation
The draft of the new Memorandum of Understanding
for cooperation in Science and Technology has been finalized
and is ready for conclusion.
A joint project on food microbiology was approved
for implementation by CFTRI, Mysore and Institute of Food
Science and Technology, Dhaka. An Indo?Bangladesh Technology
Cooperation Seminar in Information Technology and Horticulture
& Food Processing was organised in Calcutta in September
2000. Fifteen Bangladesh experts and about 50 Indian scientists
and industrial representatives participated in the same. The
Second Meeting of the Joint Committee was held in New Delhi
in January 2001 when a fresh Protocol of Cooperation for the
period 2001?2002 was concluded.
A delegation led by the Chairman of the State
Committee on Science & Technology Belarus visited Delhi
and discussed S&T Cooperation between India and Belarus.
Pursuant to the signing of a Programme of Cooperation
in Science & Technology under an inter?governmental S&T
Agreement in May 1999, specific proposals have been exchanged
between the Department of Science & Technology and the
Chinese Ministry of Science & Technology for exchange
visits of scientists under 3 broad modalities, namely, (i)
Project Aimed at Exploratory Exchange Programme (PEEP); (ii)
Scientists/Researchers Programme (SRP); and (iii) Joint R&D
Projects (JRP). A set of 28 proposals from Indian side and
22 proposals from the Chinese side have been exchanged in
the 3 categories. Other modalities include exchange of Secretary
level delegations on both the sides.
During the period under review, Secretary (DOD)
led a 4 member delegation to China from May 8?14, 2000. This
visit culminated in developing a MOU in the field of Ocean
Science & Technology, a draft of which is under active
consideration with the respective organisations. Similarly,
5 experts representing the Indian R&D institutions had
intensive discussions with their counterparts during their
visit to China under the PEEP programme. Formulation of joint
R&D projects in specific topics of advanced materials
and herbal medicines are under preparation. Two scientific
teams from Shanghai Institute of Materials Research (SIRM)
and Northwest Institute for Nonferrous Materials visited India
for discussions on possible development of R&D projects
under similar programme.
As a follow up of the new Protocol of Cooperation
signed in September 1999, one project was initiated and exchange
visits of three Indian scientists to Cuba and four Cuban scientists
were supported. One joint workshop on biotechnology in healthcare
was organised which was attended by 140 scientists, researchers
and industry representatives including 6 Cuban scientists.
Visit of Dr. Fidel Castro Balart Diaz, eminent Cuban scientist
was arranged to S&T Institutions in Delhi, Hyderabad,
Bangalore and Mumbai.
Bilateral workshop on Advanced Materials &
their processing was held in Cairo in June 2000. Seven Indian
and 50 Egyptian scientists participated in the workshop. It
has been agreed that International Advanced Research Centre
for Powder Metallurgy & New Materials, Hyderabad; will
provide help in setting up Surface Engineering Workshop at
Central Metallurgical Research & Development Institute,
Cairo. Proposals for joint collaborative research projects
are being screened.
DST provided a brief on status of India-EU cooperation
in S&T in particular on the proposed India-EC S&T
Agreement in the inter-ministerial meetings convened by Ministry
of External Affairs preparatory to First India-EU Summit held
at Lisbon, Portugal on June 28,2000. The EU-India Summit Joint
Declaration provides for rapidly concluding the S&T Agreement
that will provide framework for joint research and technological
The Indo-French Joint Committee on Scientific
and Technical Cooperation at its 8th Meeting held in New Delhi
on 9th & 10th March 2000 identified Tele-medicine, Cyber
University, Natural Disaster Management and setting up of
Laser Laboratory as multidisciplinary areas where the possibility
of developing Indo-French cooperation needs to be explored.
French delegations on Cyber University, Tele-Medicine,
Natural Disaster Management and Laser Laboratory made exploratory
visits to India this year. The French delegation for Indo-Cyber
University visited India from 15th to 20th May 2000 and held
discussions with Secretary, DST on 17th May 2000 and briefed
him on the discussions held with the Indian Institutions regarding
the setting up of the Indo-French Cyber University Project.
The French delegation in connection with the
setting up of a Joint Indo-French Cooperation Progamme in
Tele-medicine visited India from September 13-17, 2000 and
held discussions with Secretary, TDB, DST on 14th September
2000. They considered the possibility of linking of the Indian
medical network with the French medical network.
The French delegation on Natural Disaster Management
visited India from September 17-23, 2000 in connection with
the setting up of a Joint Indo-French Cooperation Progamme
on Natural Disaster Management and called on Secretary, DST
on 23rd September 2000. The French Delegation briefed Secretary,
DST on the discussions held with the Indian Organisations
in the field of Natural Disaster Management and the French
Plans for Developing Indo-French Cooperation in the multi-disciplinary
area of Natural Disaster Management.
A French working group for the setting up of
the Indo-French Resource Laser Laboratory held discussions
with Secretary, DST at Indo-French Centre for Promotion of
Advanced Research, New Delhi on 14th December 2000. The French
Group was led by Ms Michele LEDUC, Director of Research, Kastler
DST has a Programme to support Visits of Indian
Scientists and Technologists Abroad for making use of major
research facilities. Two scientists from Institute of Physics,
Bhubaneswar made use of Synchrotron Radiation Facility at
Hamburg, Germany to carry X?ray reflectometry and X?ray standing
wave measurements on Pt/C and WW/B4C periodic synthetic multilayer
DST?DAAD project based personnel exchange programme
has expanded from 16 to 36 projects. Implementation of these
projects is done through 175 exchange visits. In one of the
projects among the first batch of 16 projects, a high pressure
liquid extractor for plant materials has been developed and
patenting possibilities are being looked into. 20 joint projects
are supported under the DST/BMBF programme through 25 exchange
visits. New projects related to half metallic oxides for ferromagnetic
applications, advanced plastics, bio?degradable polysaccharides
for environmental applications have been initiated, some of
them with industry collaboration. Indo?German interaction
in the field of Nano?Materials has been initiated. Negotiations
were held with the German side for initiation of two new schemes
of cooperation viz. with German Research Society (DFG) for
project based cooperation, and with the Committee for the
meetings of the Nobel Laureates for participation of young
Indian students and researchers in the meetings that take
place annually. These new schemes are expected to take off
in the next financial year.
Following the 4th meeting of the Indo?Hungarian
Joint S&T Committee, 14 joint research projects are being
implemented in the areas of Earth Sciences, Medicine, Chemistry,
Biology, Superconductivity and Food Technology. About 30 scientists
exchanged visits from both sides.
Actions are underway for signing of a Programme
of Cooperation in Science & Technology during the first
meeting of the Joint S&T Committee scheduled to take place
in New Delhi during the first quarter of 2001. The Joint S&T
Committee has been constituted with Secretary, DST as Co?Chairman
from the Indian side and Secretary to the Ministry of State
Research & Technology as Co?Chairman from the Indonesian
side. A Programme of Cooperation is expected to be concluded
during the visit of a senior level delegation from the Government
of Indonesia during the first quarter of 2001.
The work under the 22 on?going joint research
projects was continued. Six more joint research projects in
Human Genome were approved for implementation which would
be supported by DST. The Principal Investigators from Israel
as well as India for some of the joint projects visited the
laboratories of their collaborators during the year.
An Indo?Israel status seminar on Human Genome
Research was organised in India in the last week of December
About 25 visits of Indian and Italian scientists
have been sponsored for joint work under on-going Indo-Italian
research projects in the fields of materials science, energy
and environment, medical & agricultural biotechnology.
In addition, visit of 8 Indian scientists were sponsored under
an Indo-Italian Program on "NMR studies on Biological
Systems" between Prof. Girjesh Govil, Head National NMR
Facility, TIFR Mumbai and Prof. Ivano Bettini, Centre for
Magnetic Resonance (CERM), University of Florence Florence.
This is one of the new initiative (agreed at Joint Meeting
at Rome on Nov.24,1999 under the aegis of Indo-Italian POC
in S&T) that became operational during this year. This
program is aimed at understanding structure-function relationship
of biomolecules using advanced NMR instrumentation and methodologies.
Collaboration with Sincrotrone Trieste in the
field of physics and technology of accelerated particles within
the framework of current Indo-Italian POC in S&T encompassed
sponsoring: 7 Indian scientists and engineers for 19 manmonths
to Sincrotrone Trieste's Elettra Accelerator Complex for advanced
training ; 8 Indian scientists to perform three research experiments
awarded 58 shifts on Elettra beamlines; 4 member Indian delegation
for participation in the Indo-Italian joint meeting held at
Trieste, Italy during Nov. 30-Dec. 1, 2000 followed by the
8th International Elettra user meeting during December 4-5,
2000. A document on "Utilization of Italian Advanced
Research Facility, Elettra: An Indian Experience" emerged
from the DST sponsored National Review Meeting of India's
collaboration with Sincrotrone Trieste that at Indore on July
30-31,2000. This exercise defined the position to be taken
by the visiting Indian team at the forthcoming Indo-Italian
Meeting-cum-8th International Elettra User Meeting at Trieste
DST is hosting a 8-member Italian Scientific
Delegation from Trento on an exploratory mission to India
during Jan.13-19,2001 in the field of information technology
& robotics (including maths and computer science) and
microelectronics (including sensors and Microsystems).
The Sixth meeting of the India Japan Science
Council held in December 2000 in Osaka, Japan reviewed the
activities undertaken in the India Japan Cooperative Science
Programme. In addition to 5 ongoing joint projects and a new
project, three joint workshops and one Asian Academy Seminar
were organised and more than twenty short?term research visits
were supported. 5 postdoctoral and 4 doctoral fellowships
for conducting research in Japanese universities were administered
and visits of fourteen RONPAKU (Doctoral) fellows to Japan
and their Japanese supervisers to India were facilitated.
As a follow up of the decision of the
sixth meeting of the bilateral India?Japan Joint Committee
held in September 1999 in Tokyo and subsequent exchange of
letters, 10 new projects were processed. Visit of five Indian
scientists to Japan for participation in a Joint Workshop
on Ceramics was supported. Six Indian scientists visited advanced
facilities at Spring?8 and KEK and conducted scientific experiments.
Eight Long?term and eight short?term fellowships offered by
Science & Technology Agency (STA) of Japan were administered.
Negotiations are under way to conclude a Programme
of Cooperation in S&T for exploratory exchange visits
of scientists on both the sides, organisation of Joint Workshops/Seminars,
implementation of Joint R&D projects in areas of common
interest , etc. A Joint S&T Committee is being constituted
with representatives drawn from both the sides covering specific
topics relating to Advanced Materials, Biotechnology, Medical
Sciences, Ocean Science & Technology and Technology Transfer.
Secretary, DST visited Malaysia during August 2000 to have
specific discussions at the Malaysian Ministry of Science,
Technology and Environment. It is expected that a senior level
delegation representing the Malaysian Ministry of Science,
Technology & Environment will be visiting New Delhi in
the first quarter of 2001 for the first meeting of Joint Committee
as well as conclusion of POC in S&T for 2001?2003.
To facilitate Science and Technology Cooperation
between India and Mexico, a Programme of Cooperation (POC)
was signed on August 2, 2000 at New Delhi under the existing
Science and Technology Agreement signed on July 23, 1975.
The POC is for the period 2000?03. Under the POC, the two
sides will jointly support research projects, workshops, exploratory
visits and participation in conferences/symposia etc.
Two ongoing Indo?Mexican joint research projects
were continued. Two Indian scientists visited Mexico and one
Mexican scientist visited India under the ongoing projects.
One joint research project is under consideration.
A Joint India-Myanmar Working Group for Scientific
& Technological Cooperation has been established in pursuance
of the Indo-Myanmar Agreement on Cooperation in the fields
of Science & Technology signed on 24th June 1999. The
Indian side of the Joint Working Group is led by Secretary,
DST with representation from DST, DBT, CSIR and Information
An Indian S&T delegation led by Secretary,
DST visited Myanmar from April 4-9, 2000 for participation
in the First Meeting of the Indo-Myanmar Joint Working Group
on Scientific & Technological Cooperation held at Yangon,
Myanmar on April 5-6, 2000. A Programme of Cooperation in
Science & Technology between Government of India and the
Government of Myanmar for the period 2000-2002 was signed
on 5th April 2000, during this meeting.
The India-Myanmar Joint Working Group for Scientific
and Technological Cooperation agreed to initiate the new programme
through exploratory and exchange visits, organisation of the
thematic workshops, training of Myanmar scientists and technical
personnel in Myanmar by visiting Indian experts and also in
Indian organisations, and post-doctoral fellowships in Indian
Institutions in the fields of basic and fundamental sciences.
To begin with, the collaboration will take place in the areas
of Scientific & Medical Instrumentation, Aquaculture &
Biotechnology, Metrology, Standards and Quality Certification
and Non-Conventional Sources of Energy.
In view of the recommendations made in the 1st
Meeting of the Indo-Myanmar Joint Working Group held on April
4-5, 2000, a delegation led by Secretary, DBT visited Myanmar
from September 4-8, 2000. A Biotechnology Workshop was held
in Yangon from September 5-7, 2000. A work plan for cooperation
in Biotechnology was recommended for implementation for a
period of two years w.e.f. September 2000 within the framework
of POC in S&T.
A proposal for setting up of India-Myanmar Scientific
and Technical Friendship Library in Yangon was also developed.
A Namibian delegation visited DST on November
22, 2000 and held discussions regarding developing S&T
Cooperation between India and Namibia.
In order to develop S&T Cooperation between
India and Nigeria, a draft S&T Agreement has been sent
to the Government of Nigeria for their comments. Permanent
Secretary, Federal Ministry of Science & Technology, Nigeria,
visited DST on 17.11.2000 and held discussions regarding S&T
Cooperation between India and Nigeria. During the discussions
it was mentioned that Nigeria was keen to develop S&T
Cooperation within India.
Following the 4th meeting of the Indo?Polish
Joint S&T Committee, 16 joint research projects in the
areas of Chemistry, Modeling, Instrumentation, Opto?electronics,
Meteorology and Biotechnology are being implemented. About
25 exchange visits of scientists took place.
Republic of Korea
Efforts are on way to finalise a Programme of
Cooperation in Science & Technology between India and
the Republic of Korea. A draft POC in S&T has been conveyed
to the ROK side for their consideration. A 12 member scientific
team from ROK visited India during August 28? September 1,
2000 to have discussions with their counterparts in scientific/research
institutions located in Delhi, Hyderabad and Bangalore. The
scientific team comprised experts in various trades ranging
from Science Policy and Management, Space Science, Advanced
Materials, Biotechnology, Electronics and Computer Science.
Actions are under way to finalise a detailed Programme of
Cooperation taking note of the impressions of the ROK team
during their visit to India.
An agreement on Integrated Long Term Programme
(ILTP) of cooperation in Science & Technology was concluded
by the Hob'ble Minister for Science and Technology, Human
Resources Development and Ocean Development and the Russian
Deputy Prime Minister. The agreement provides for continuation
of cooperation under ILTP for a further period of 10 years.
An Indo?Russian Advanced Computing Research Centre was inaugurated
at Moscow by the Hon'ble Minister for Science & Technology,
Human Resources Development & Ocean Development, Government
of India in July 2000 to mark the 13th anniversary of the
ILTP. A document "13 Years of ILTP" was also released.
Following the ninth session of the ILTP Joint Council, 132
joint projects are being implemented. Over 200 exchange visits
of scientists were organized for implementation of identified
project activities as well as for exploratory purposes. MOU
for setting?up of Joint Venture for Production of Silicon
Wafers in India, Agreement for setting?up of Indo?Russian
Biotechnology Centre in India and a separate S&T arrangement
with Kurchatov Institute, Moscow were concluded. ILTP fellowships
were offered to Russian scientists for working in India. Technology
Route, a magazine to disseminate information about Russian
technologies ready for commercialization and technology transfer
to Indian industries, was published on bi?monthly basis.
A Programme of Cooperation in S&T is
under discussion with Singapore. A two member team from the
National Science & Technology Board (NSTB) of Singapore
called on Secretary, DST on August 26, 2000 to discuss possibility
of concluding the POC and also develop linkages between Singapore
Synchrotron Radiation Facility with Indian counterpart agencies
as well as initiating a fellowship programme enabling the
researchers on both the sides to pursue advanced research
in each other's countries.
The ongoing cooperation activities in various
subjects were continued during the year. Five Sri Lankan scientists
were trained in CFTRI, Mysore in various fields of Food Science
& Technology during the year.
H.E. Mr. Abdalmahmood Abdalhaleem Mohammad,
Ambassador of the Republic of Sudan visited DST on 1st September
2000 and held discussions on S&T Cooperation, i.e., sharing
of experiences through scientific conferences and workshops
and encouragement of the exchange of invitations to participate
in the scientific gatherings. A draft agreement between India
and Sudan on Cooperation in Science & Technology has been
sent to the Sudanese Ambassador in India for seeking the comments
of the Sudan Government.
A high level Syrian delegation, which included
the Minister of Education and Industry and Minister of State
for Planning and Technology of Syria, called on the Hon'ble
Minister of State, S&T, Government of India on July 24,
A MOU between the Ministry of Science
& Technology, Government of India and the Ministry of
Planning, Government of Syrian Arab Republic was concluded
on 27th July 2000 in New Delhi. The signatories to this MOU
were the Minister of State for Planning from the Syrian side
and the Hon'ble Minister of State, S&T from the Indian
A three-member Indian delegation led by the
Hon'ble Minister of State, S&T visited Syria from November
12-16, 2000 at the invitation of the Syrian Minister of State
for Planning. A new Programme of Cooperation in Science &
Technology between the Government of India and the Government
of Syrian Arab Republic for the period 2000-2002 was signed
by Hon'ble MOS (S&T), Government of India with the Syrian
MOS for Planning on 15.11.2000.
During the first meeting of the Indo?Tunisian
Joint Commission held at Tunis, issues related to S&T
cooperation between India and Tunisia were discussed and a
new Programme of Cooperation was concluded.
The new Programme of Cooperation for the period
2000?2003 was concluded during the visit of Secretary, DST
to Kyiv in June 2000. Following this, 23 joint project proposals
have been received. An Indian medical delegation also visited
Institute of Monocrystal, Kharkov to examine the feasibility
of bloodless surgery using sapphire laser.
Second Meeting of the India?UK Joint S&T
Committee was held in New Delhi on April 19?20, 2000. The
meeting was Co?Chaired by Secretary, DST from the Indian side
and Chief Executive of the Higher Education Funding Council
from the British side. The Joint Committee reviewed the progress
made in the 26 ongoing joint research projects in specific
areas of (i) Agro?Food Science and Biotechnology; (ii) Advanced
Manufacturing Systems & Advanced Materials; and (iii)
Telecommunication, including Information Technology. The recommendations
of the India?UK Joint Seminar on Technology Management which
took place in Hyderabad during March 4?5, 2000 were also considered.
It was agreed that a Joint Task Force would look into various
recommendations and provide the necessary plan of action to
the Joint S&T Committee.
Around 30 exchange visits
were supported during the period under review. Additional
13 proposals were finalised for support under UK?India Science
& Technology Research Fund for the period 2001?2003. The
finalisation of the proposals was based on the Peer Review
carried out by both the Indian and the British experts. The
implementation of these proposals started w.e.f. January 2001.
An Indo?US Science and Technology Forum Agreement
was signed by the Government of India and the Government of
United States of America on March 21, 2000 at New Delhi. As
an outcome of this agreement, an Indo?US Science and Technology
Forum has been established as an autonomous society registered
in India under Societies Registration Act XXI of 1860. The
Department of Science and Technology is the administrative
department for the Forum. The Forum has been established with
the following objectives:
- To facilitate and promote the interaction, in India and
the United States, of government, academia, and industry
in science, technology.
- To focus on issues of common concern and activities of
mutual benefit while exploring trends in science and technology.
- To promote research and development, the transfer of technology,
the creation of a comprehensive electronic reference source
for Indo?US science and technology cooperation, and the
electronic exchange and dissemination of information on
Indo?US science and technology cooperation.
United States of America has transferred Rs.31.98
crores to Indo?US S&T Forum as an endowment in July 2000.
Annual interest earning on this endowment is to support the
forum activities. In addition, the Government of India is
to make a matching contribution equal to the interest earning
on the endowment each year. The Governing Body of the Forum
has 7 members each from India and USA. The members nominated
by their respective governments have three years tenure. The
Governing Body is expected to meet shortly to chalk out detailed
plan of action for the Forum for next few years.
In conjunction with President Clinton's visit
to India in March 2000, the first India?US High Level Roundtable
was held at Hyderabad on March 24, 2000. Several eminent scientists,
including Professor Neal Lane (Science Adviser to US Presient),
Prof. Rita Colwell (Director, US National Science Foundation),
Prof. MGK Menon, Prof. CNR Rao, Prof. UR Rao and Secretaries
of Scientific Departments of Government of India participated
in the Roundtable meeting. In this meeting, the past S&T
cooperation efforts were reviewed and future opportunities
were discussed. The second India?US High Level Roundtable
on S&T was held on September 15, 2000 at Washington D.C.
during Prime Minister Vajpayee's visit to USA. This Roundtable
focussed discussions on collaboration opportunities in Genomics,
Agricultural Biotechnology, Nanoscale Science and Engineering
and Computer and Mathematical Modeling.
DST, as a part of its S&T cooperation programme
with the National Science Foundation of USA, continued to
support joint research projects and joint workshops. 9 joint
research projects initiated last year were continued and 7
new projects have been initiated up to November 2000. Two
joint workshops in the areas of "Problems in Elastic
Vibrations, Smart Structures and their Solution Technologies"
and "Spectral and Inverse Spectral Problems for Schrodinger
Operators" have been held at the University of Roorkee
and University of Goa respectively. 11 US scientists participated
in each of these two workshops.
Work under two Indo?Vietnam Joint Projects was
initiated during the year and exchange visits by the Principal
Investigators from India and Vietnam for both the projects
were undertaken. A Joint workshop on S&T Policy and Management
was organised at NISTADS, New Delhi in April 2000 when 5 Vietnamese
professionals and 15 Indian experts participated. A 3 member
expert team from India visited Vietnam in June 2000 in connection
with the joint project on development and transfer of technologies
for ehtnic minorities and mountainous areas of Vietnam. A
detailed survey was carried out by the experts, based on which
a project proposal is being finalised. A joint project on
cultivation of neem has been finalised for implementation
by NBRI, Lucknow and Institute of Tropical Biology, Ho Chi
Minh City, Vietnam.
The First BIMST-EC Experts' Meeting on Technology
Cooperation was held in New Delhi on December 18-19, 2000.
Experts from the BIMST-EC countries, namely, Bangladesh, India,
Myanmar, Sri Lanka and Thailand, attended the Meeting. Hon'ble
Minister of State for Science and Technology inaugurated the
Meeting. Nepal attended the inaugural function in its capacity
as an observer in BIMST-EC.
The Meeting adopted an 'Agreed Statement' on
Cooperation in the Technology Sector, and agreed upon an Action
Plan for Cooperation in this Sector for the period 2001 -
2005. The Meeting resolved to develop science and technology
(S&T) Cooperation within the BIMST-EC countries which
is synergistic and has the active participation of the private
sector. It was felt that there should be an increased exchange
of scientific and technological resources, including expertise
and know-how among the member countries for sustainable economic
development of the BIMST-EC region, with emphasis on the use
of environment friendly technologies. The member countries
recognized the need to enhance the technological capabilities
of the BIMST-EC region through regional projects, and by strengthening
the technology transfer capabilities in the BIMST-EC region
in order to develop interaction between R&D and industry
for commercial benefit through quality production. The Meeting
recognized the need to facilitate the growth of technology-intensive
ventures and encourage innovation for the development of new
and appropriate technologies, as well as the importance of
making concerted efforts to overcome the 'Digital Divide'
within the BIMST-EC region.
The member countries agreed to the creation
of databases to facilitate the sharing of information on various
subjects, such as indigenous technologies, S&T expertise,
training facilities etc. The Meeting further agreed to promote
research and development in science and technology. It was
decided to identify nodal points in the BIMST - EC countries
for promoting cooperation in science and technology. The Experts'
Meeting on Cooperation in the Technology Sector will be held
on an annual basis before the annual BIMST-EC Ministerial
This Department, as the Science & Technology
Policy Asian Network STEPAN National Focal Point , was involved
in Sponsoring a 2 -member Indian delegation to STEPAN Workshop
on "Human Resource Development towards Knowledge-based
Economy" - cum - STEPAN Board Meeting at Seoul during
June 12-15, 2000. The STEPAN Board Meeting agreed to transfer
the STEPAN Regional Centre from Republic of Korea (S&T
Policy Institute, Seoul) to India (Department of Science &
Technology, New Delhi) for a period of 3 years beginning January
1, 2002 and ratified implementation of 2 proposals made by
India under the aegis of STEPAN,namely, " Pilot Study
on International Mobility of S&T Professionals relevant
to Asia : Demands, Trends, Impact, Response" to be undertaken
by COSTED Chennai, and "Exchange of S&T personnel
for Advanced Research Continuing Education, and Contracts
in Knowledge-based Industries among STEPAN member states"
to be executed by AICTE, New Delhi.
DST followed up on the 5 Resolutions in science
sector that were adopted at the 30th UNESCO's General Conference
(Paris, Nov.1999). These resolutions formed part of follow-up
of India's participation in UNESCO/ICSU Sponsored 'World Conference
on Science" Budapest, June 26-July 1,1999. During this
year UNESCO confirmed award of seed money for following programs:
- " Pilot Study on International Mobility of S&T
Professionals: Demands, Trends, Impact & Response"
to be executed by Committee on Science & Technology
for Developing Countries (COSTED), Chennai. This study involves
participation of 6 Asian countries,namely, China, India,
Malaysia, Philippines, Republic of Korea and Sri Lanka.
- Preparatory work on internet enabled science education
and teaching to Ministry of Information Technology (US $
8000); a study tour is envisaged aimed at strengthening
Centre for Excellence on technologies related to distance
learning in IT at National Center for Software Computing
- Preparatory work on science literacy and culture to Vigyan
Prasar (US$10,000); a Regional Meeting of Asia-Pacific countries
is contemplated for a critical review of the Concept Paper
on Minimum Science for Everyone Package.
- Government of India (DST and MHRD, Department of Secondary
& Higher Education) and STEPAN Regional Secretariat,
Seoul agreed to co-sponsor the Pilot Study on International
Mobility of S&T professionals. Further, DST sponsored
an exploratory mission of Prof. Robyn Iredale from Australia
to India during September 3-9,2000 and a Regional Workshop
at COSTED on Oct.30-31,2001 for finalizing questionnaires
for pilot study.
- DST provided views to MHRD, Department of Secondary &
Higher Education (National Commission for Cooperation with
UNESCO) on UNESCO Draft Medium Term Strategy (2002-2007)
and UNESCO Draft Program & Budget (2002-2003) preparatory
to participation of India in DG's Consultative Meeting of
National Commissions of Asia and the Pacific (July 10-12,2000
Tashkent) and 12th Statutory Regional Conference of National
Commissions for UNESCO in Asia & Pacific (July 13-15,2000
DST-ICTP Fellowship Program:
Wings at the Indian Missions Abroad
- Seven Indian scientists were awarded DST-ICTP Fellowships
within the framework of DST-ICTP Agreement for Enhanced
Cooperation in S&T for attending following ICTP Training
- School on Automorphic forms of GL(n),July 31-August 18,
2000 (1 scientist)
- Fifth workshop on 3 - Dimensional modeling of seismic
waves generation, propagation and their inversion, Sept.25-
Oct.6, 2000(4 scientists);
- Workshop on Physics of mesosphere- stratosphere inter-
actions with special emphasis on MST Radar techniques, Nov.13-24,
2000 (2 scientists).
- DST provided international air travel costs while ICTP
took care of the local hospitality expenses.
The year 2000?2001 witnessed an upsurge of Indo?German
relations in Science & Technology. The new Science Counsellor
of India took over his position in Berlin (the new capital
of Germany) on 17th January 2000, which was immediately followed
by the Third Meeting of Indo?German Joint Committee on Science
& Technology during January 24?25, 2000 in Berlin. The
joint committee, which reviewed the ongoing programmes, also
laid down policy guidelines for intensifying the Indo?German
The Indo?German Cooperation received a great
boost when Prof. M.M. Joshi, Hon'ble Minister (HRD and S&T)
visited Germany during June 19?23, 2000 at the invitation
of German Federal Minister for Education & Research. This
was the visit after a gap of 12 years since the last visit
undertaken in 1988 by the then MOS (S&T) Mr. K.R. Narayanan.
The highlights of the activities undertaken
during the year are:?
- 3rd Meeting of the Indo?German joint Committee on Science
& Technology took place in Berlin during January 24?25
2000 under the chairmanship of Prof. V.S. Ramamurthy, Secretary,
DST and Prof. Uwe Thomas, State Secretary, Federal Ministry
of Education & Research. The Committee recommended intensifying
cooperation through exchange of students, exchange of scientists,
joint symposia/workshops and research projects involving
- At the invitation of German Federal Minister for Education
& Research, Prof. Dr. M.M. Joshi, Minister (HRD and
S&T) paid a visit to Germany during June 19?23, 2000
which provided a great impetus to the ongoing Indo?German
relationship on Science & Technology. In addition to
bilateral meetings and visiting major research Centres in
Berlin (BESSY II, DLR), Julich (Forschungszentrum, Julich),
the Hon'ble Minister also delivered a lecture at the University
of Bonn on "Role of Science & Technology for Non?Exploitative
Peace Loving Society".
- During the year, 130 joint projects involving major German
Research Institutes and Universities continued with seven
of them with industrial participation. As a part of joint
projects visits of more than 250 scientists were exchanged.
- Detailed discussions with DFG (German Research Society)
resulted in an agreement in principle for launching a new
project based programme between DGF and DST, which is expected
to be signed sometimes in 2001 during the scheduled visit
of President, DFG to India. The DFG/DST programme would
be instrumental in substantial increase in joint research
projects between India and Germany.
- Germany hosts a meeting of Nobel Prize Winners every year
at a place called Lindau. The next meeting is scheduled
in June 2001 at Lindau, where the Nobel Laureates in Physics
will come together. An arrangement is being worked out with
the Lindau Committee for participation of 20 bright young
Indian students (age group 20 to 30) at the meeting.
About 76 Indian scientists visited Russia and
86 Russian scientists visited India during the year under
various scientific cooperation programmes. Out of these, visits
of 55 Indian and 51 Russian scientists, respectively, were
under the Integrated Long?Term Programme (ILTP). The meeting
of the Indo?Ukrainian Joint Council was held in Kyiv during
May 22-30, 2000.
H.E. Prof. M.M. Joshi, the hon'ble Minister
for Science & Technology, HRD & OD of India, inaugurated
the Joint Indo?Russian Centre for Advanced Computing Research
and installation of PARAM? 10,000 supercomputer at the Institute
for Computer Aided Design (ICAD), Moscow on 3rd July, 2000.
The Fifth Meeting of the Indo?Russian Working
Group on Science & Technology was held at New Delhi on
January 12, 2000. The meeting was co?chaired by Prof. V.S.
Ramamurthy, Secretary, DST and Prof. V.A. Knyazhev, Deputy
Minister of Science & Technology from the Indian and the
Russian sides, respectively.
The first meeting of the Joint Committee for
Indo?Russian Centre for Advanced Computing Research was held
at the Institute for Computer aided Design (ICAD), Moscow
on 30th June and Ist July, 2000.
The Third meeting of the Indo?Russian
Joint Working Committee (JJWC) for the Integrated Long Term
Programme of Cooperation in Science and Technology (ILTP)
was held in Moscow and Novosibirsk during September 18?23,
The wing published its monthly edited report
"S&T in Japan" including editorials, development
news, and statistical displays and contributed articles to
the DST publication, "Information Today and Tomorrow".
An MOU was signed between Japan Marine Science
and Technology Centre (JAMSTEC) and National Institute of
Oceanography (NIO), Goa to conduct joint research in oceanographic
and atmospheric science for a period of five years.
Dr. Ashok Jain, Former Head of the Science Wing,
Embassy of India, Tokyo was conferred with the coveted prize
of "Third order of merit with grand cordon of the sacred
treasure" by the Government of Japan.
The wing participated in Fifth Asia?Pacific
S&T Management seminar held at Fukuoka from February 8
? 10, 2000 and the project meeting of International Rice Genome
Sequencing held at Tsukuba. Discussions were facilitated between
DBT and Brain Science Institute, Saitama and also with the
Rice Genome Sequencing program of Japan.
The wing facilitated the participation of twelve
professors from Japan in the Indo?Japan seminar on Advanced
manufacturing systems and Manufacturing of Advanced Composites
held at Sikkim from February 21 to 27, 2000.
Participation of Indian scientists was facilitated
in the following programmes:
- World Meteorological Organization on climate research
programme March 13 to 18, 2000 at Tokyo.
- Board of Governors' meting on World Atomic and Nuclear
Energy Operators from April 7?9, 2000.
- International workshop on "Transition to sustainability
in the 21st century held at Tokyo from May 15-18, 2000 wherein
75 countries participated.
- Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum held at Tokyo
between June 18-23, 2000.
- India?Japan Ceramic Seminar held at Nagoya Institute of
Technology between July 12-14, 2000 under the aegis of India?Japan
The wing provided a variety of assistance, encouragement,
information to almost one hundred participants from Japan
to about eight international or bilateral conferences held
in India. These included India?Japan workshop on Microsystems
technology held at Delhi between November 23 and 25, International
symposium on Advances in Bio?organic Chemistry at TIFR between
November 20 and 24, Asian Academy seminar on Manufacturing
Science held at Hyderabad between December 3 to 12, Pacific
Ocean Remote Sensing Conference held at NIO, Goa from December
5 to 8, International Conference on "Strings 2001"
at Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai from January
5?10, 2001. Preparations were made for the sixth meeting of
the India?Japan Science Council held at Kyoto from December
Indo?US Science & Technology cooperation
scaled new heights and witnessed several prominent milestones
last year with the launching of Indo?US Science & Technology
Forum; two high level Indo?US Science & Technology Roundtable
meetings in India and in USA, concurrent with the visits of
President William Jefferson Clinton to India and Prime Minister
Atal Behari Vajpayee to USA and a warm welcome by the US officials/legislators/scientific
community to the visit of India's Minister for Science &
Technology, Human Resource Development and Ocean Development,
Hon'ble Dr. Murli Manohar Joshi; an invitation to India's
Secretary of Science & Technology, Prof. V.S. Ramamurthy
to address the US President's Committee of Advisors on Science
& Technology (PCAST); a special lecture by Dr. R.A. Mashelkar,
Director General, CSIR and Secretary, Department of Scientific
and Industrial Research to Washington based Science Diplomats
to mark India's Technology Day.
The Hon'ble Minister for Science & Technology, Dr. Murli
Manohar Joshi was accorded a very warm welcome in Washington
DC, where he held discussions with the US Secretary of Education
Richard W Riley; Director, Office of the Science & Technology
Policy and Assistant to the US President on Science and Technology,
Dr. Neal Lane; several prominent Senators and Congressmen;
the Presidents of the US National Academy of Sciences, National
Academy of Engineering and the Institute of Medicines; the
Presidents of American Professional Societies and a large
number of distinguished scientists and Indian American community
A large number of distinguished scientists and
administrators visited USA for discussions relating to ongoing
programs and to explore opportunities for enhanced cooperation.
Dr. Manju Sharma, Secretary, Department of Biotechnology,
Dr. N.K. Ganguly, Director General, ICMR and several prominent
scientists participated in the Joint Working Group meetings
of the Indo?US Vaccine Action program. A delegation led by
Mr. A.K. Mangotra, Joint Secretary, MNES, held discussions
with various US and multilateral agencies for promoting cooperation
in non? conventional energy sources. A delegation led by Mr.
Amitabh Pande, Joint Secretary, DST, visited USA for discussions
with the US Geological Survey. Dr. R.K. Bhandari, Head, International
S&T Affairs Directorate, CSIR, held extensive discussions
with Indian American scientists regarding the program on Transfer
of Knowledge and Technology through Expatriate Nationals (TOKTEN).