Annual Report 2001 - 2002
International S&T Programmes
The Department of Science & Technology is
vested with the mandate to identify, facilitate and promote
international cooperation in the emerging and frontier areas
of science and technology under a bilateral, multilateral
or regional framework, as applicable. This has been achieved
through a systematic attempt in promoting interaction between
governments, academia, institutions and industries, primarily
in the fields of science and technology with specific focus
on areas of common interest, with activities aimed towards
generating mutual benefit. These objectives have been accomplished
by adopting an underlying philosophy of a 'give and take'
approach with a reciprocal arrangement that benefits both
India and the partner country. The vehicles of cooperation
employed to achieve the above objectives have been as follows:
- Facilitate and promote joint collaborative projects and
programs under S&T arrangements.
- Support exploratory visits to identify trends and specific
areas of scientific collaboration.
- Exchange of scientists and technocrats through the medium
- Promote exchange and dissemination of information and
scientific opportunities through joint workshops, seminars
and symposia etc.
- Facilitate cooperation in R&D leading to transfer
of technology and product development.
- Extend avenues for training in specialized areas of R&D
with thrust on providing access to 'big facilities'.
- Create a comprehensive database and reference source of
Indian diaspora with the aim to establish linkages and interaction
leading to S&T collaborations.
- Establish or cause to establish joint Centres of Excellence
in advanced areas of R&D in India or abroad.
The draft of the new Memorandum of Understanding
(MOU) for cooperation in Science & Technology is being
negotiated with the Australian Department of Science, Technology
The second meeting of the Indo-Bangladesh Joint
S&T Committee was held in New Delhi which led to the conclusion
of a Protocol of Cooperation in Science & Technology for
the period 2001-2002. A number of activities for cooperation
during the next two year period were identified which includes
among others joint research project on Food technology, Biotechnology,
Composite materials, Communication technology, Numerical modeling
of cyclone and climate and Waste management. A patent facilitating
cell is also planned to be set up in Bangladesh.
A delegation led by the Hon'ble Minister of
Science & Technology visited Brazil in July 2001, when
a Memorandum of Understanding was signed with the Brazilian
side. A Programme Management Board with six members from each
side was set up for coordination of activities under the MOU,
which covers areas of Biotechnology, Bioinformatics, Human
health, Climate research, Renewable energy, Space science,
Marine science, New materials and Industry research partnership.
It has also been proposed to create India-Brazil Science Council.
Under an operating bilateral cooperation Agreement
in Science & Technology, both sides have agreed to cooperate
in areas of metal sciences and new materials; alternative
renewable energy sources including solar energy; geophysical
instrumentation and earthquake engineering including prediction;
laser science & technology; and astronomy. Joint workshops
and exploratory visits on a reciprocal basis are planned during
2001 to identify specific projects for initiation. A number
of joint projects have been received from scientists of both
sides for implementation.
The Fifth meeting of the India-China Joint S&T
Committee is expected to take place in the first quarter of
2002. A series of Joint Seminars/Workshops are being planned
during November 2001 to January 2002 in specific topics of
High Energy Physics; Astronomy & Astrophysics; and Natural
Disaster Mitigation. In addition, negotiations are under way
for working out separate arrangements of cooperation between
DST and the Chinese Academy of Science and the National Science
Foundation of China. Further, the Department of Ocean Development
and the State Oceanic Administration of China are in the process
of finalising a separate agreement in the field of Ocean Science
As an offshoot of the decision taken at the
last meeting of the Joint S&T Committee, visits of Secretary,
DOD, DBT and DST were arranged during the period under review.
A series of visits to China have been also supported under
the Project related Expert Exchange Programme (PEEP). These
visits have led to identification of joint R&D projects
in areas related to Advanced Manufacturing Technology; Natural
Disaster Mitigation; and Bamboo Handicrafts Techniques. Two
visits from China in the area of Advanced Materials also took
place under the PEEP programme.
A joint workshop is to be organised in Cuba
on Biomedical Technology and Instrumentation. Three exchange
visits also took place under Protocol of Cooperation with
The first meeting of the Indo-Egyptian Joint
Science & Technology Committee was held at Cairo in June
2001. A new Programme of Cooperation in Science & Technology
for the period 2001-2003 was concluded during this meeting.
Biotechnology, Environmental Sciences, Information Technology,
Innovation and Technology Transfer, Medical Sciences, Metallurgy,
New Bio-active agents from the Egyptian Medicinal Plants,
Oceanography (including Fisheries), Petroleum, Remote Sensing
and Space Technology, and Renewable Energy have been identified
as areas of cooperation.
In order to develop S&T Cooperation between
Ethiopia and India, a Draft Agreement between Government of
India and Government of Union of Ethiopia has been exchanged
with the Ethiopian side.
An Indian Delegation visited France in April
2001 to explore the possibility of developing Indo-French
Collaboration in Natural Disaster Management. As a follow-up,
the meeting of the Indian Working Group identified two short
term and five long term joint Indo-French Projects on Natural
Disaster Management. These include studies on Microzonation,
Quantitative Tectonic Geomorphology, Seismic Wave Propagation
in Complex Media, Dynamics of Modeling Landslides Debris Flows
and Glaciers, Modeling Rupture Processes on Faults and Hypothesis
testing of Earthquakes as Self Organized Critical Phenomena
as well as Cyclones and a Workshop on Floods.
In pursuance of the recommendations made in
the Eighth Meeting of the Indo-French Joint Committee on Scientific
and Technical Cooperation support has been extended in the
current year to Chennai Mathematical Institute, Chennai, to
provide for exchange visits of Indian and French mathematicians.
An advanced Training School on 'Recent Advances in Climate
and Environmental Research (RACER)' was organized at Bangalore
in April 2001 with special emphasis on climate change, climate
modeling and forecast methodologies. The faculty for this
Advanced School comprised of both French and Indian Scientists.
Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced
Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced
Research (IFCPAR), was established jointly by Indian and French
Governments and started functioning as an autonomous body
since 1987. Under the aegis of IFCPAR, sixty projects with
France are at various stages of implementation. The Scientific
Council of IFCPAR held its 27th Meeting at Paris in May 2001
and recommended 13 new projects for acceptance. Out of these
recommended projects, DST has provided clearance to 8 projects
in thrust areas relating to Catalysis Science and Engineering,
Pure and Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics and Cellular
and Molecular Biology / Genetic and Genetic Engineering and
Biotechnology including Applications to Medicine and Agronomy.
Some of these projects have led to practical application resulting
into award of three patents. Two PhD's were also awarded through
the joint projects.
The co-operative activities were taken up under
three different arrangements. The DST-BMBF (German Ministry
for Research & Education) which emphasizes on application
oriented projects; the DST-DAAD (German Academic Exchange
Service) project based personnel exchange programme (PPP)
with special emphasis on further academic and specialized
training for young researchers; and DST-DFG (German Research
Society) project based cooperation. Overall there were about
400 exchanges of scientists/students between India and Germany.
The DST-BMBF programme expanded from 15 to 25 projects (which
included 4 projects with industry participation). Some of
the achievements facilitated were Deposition of microcrystalline
silicon and silicon carbon alloy films at high deposition
rate using VHF power in PECVD for solar cells; Building a
large area position sensitive detector at the Materials Science
Beamline at NSC, Delhi; Setting of research facility in the
field of Laser Ultrasonics at IIT Kanpur for NDE of composite
material structures. An Indo-German Workshop on "Nano-Materials
and Technologies" was held in BESSY, Berlin with a view
to identify topics of mutual interest for collaboration in
this frontier area.
DST-DAAD PPP has expanded from 36 to 50 projects. Some salient
achievements include filing of a patent on high pressure liquid
extractor for plant materials; trials on industrial application
of water jets for cutting/cleaning etc; study of growth, structure
and phase transitions in Langmuir- Blodgett films grown in
the Indian Laboratory using Energy-Dispersive X-ray Reflectivity
and Grazing-incidence diffraction techniques at BESSY II and
HASYLAB synchrotrons; developing maps for urban town planning
Negotiations were held with the German side for initiation
of two new schemes of cooperation. During the visit of President
DFG it was agreed in-principle to start a project based DST-DFG
programme, under which few major projects have been initiated.
A new programme for participation of young Indian researchers
in the annual meetings of the Nobel Laureates with young students
and researchers was launched. 17 Young Indian scientists participated
in this year's event in Physics at Lindau. It has proved to
be a highly motivating experience for the Indian scientists.
Following the 4th meeting of the Indo-Hungarian
Joint S&T Committee, 14 research projects are being implemented
in the areas of Earth Sciences, Medicine, Chemistry, Biology,
Superconductivity and Food Technology. About 30 scientists
exchanged visits from both sides. An Indo-Hungarian Workshop
on "Recent Advances in Bone Marrow Research" was
held in Budapest in which 8 Indian doctors participated.
The First Meeting of the India-Indonesia Joint
S&T Committee took place in New Delhi in March 2001 following
the signing of an MOU during a VVIP visit to Jakarta in January
2001. Four proposals on Training for Techno Business for Development
of Science Centers; Ocean Dynamics studies for Protection
of the Onshore Line Construction from the Wave Actions; Digital
Library; and Information Exchange for Disaster Mitigation,
are actively under consideration for implementation. A three
Member Indonesian team participated in an International Conference
on Digital Library at the invitation of Department of Science
& Technology at the University of Mysore during June 2001.
The 22 on-going joint research projects were
supported and monitored. Work on six projects was completed.
Ten scientists from India/Israel visited the laboratories
of their collaborators for implementation of joint research
An Indo-Israel Symposium on Advanced Materials
is proposed to be organized in Advanced Research Centre for
New Materials and Powder Metallurgy, Hyderabad in which six
Israeli scientists and twenty-five Indian researchers will
participate. The second Indo-Israel Review Seminar on Human
Genome Research is also proposed to be held in Jerusalem.
A joint conference on Condensed Matter Physics was organized
in Jerusalem in which 18 Indian scientists were participated.
Based on the Energy Tower concept developed
at the Israeli Institute of Technology, Technion, a demonstration
project in India has been formulated which would be coordinated
by TIFAC. The first meeting of the bi-national Steering Committee
on the project was held in Israel, which was attended by 4
members from India.
Department of Science & Technology together with Italian
Ministry of Foreign Affairs co-sponsored 10 project based
exchange visits in the fields of material science & technology,
geothermal energy, medical and health sciences; visit of 7
Indian scientists to conduct three research experiments on
Elettra X -Ray diffraction beamline; 2 joint projects for
value addition on Elettra SAXS and X-Ray Diffraction beamlines
at Sincrotrone Trieste; holding joint Conference on High Pressure
S&T and 4th IUCDAEF-CAT Annual School on Science with
Synchrotron Radiation in India and the 9th International Elettra
User Meeting at Italy; an Indian scientific team went to Italy
on an exploratory mission in the field of materials science
Two meetings of DST Expert Committee on India's
collaboration with Sincrotrone Trieste were convened during
the year for recommending the Indian research experiments
to be run on Elettra beamlines, joint projects with Sincrotrone
Trieste and application of Synchrotron Radiation. Preparations
are underway for the 5th meeting of Indo-Italian Joint Committee
on Scientific & Technological Cooperation at Rome for
identifying activities for next Indo-Italian POC in S&T
for 2002-2004 in sectors of physics, accelerated particles,
materials science & technology, energy & environment
including polar research, medical & health sciences including
medical radiology, electronics & robotics including ICT,
microelectronics, microsystems, agriculture including biotechnology.
Under the India-Japan Inter-Governmental Programme
of Cooperation in Science & Technology, the ongoing projects
are being implemented through exchange visits of scientists.
Two experiments have been conducted by Indian scientists at
Advance facilities in Spring-8, Harima and at KEK, Tsukuba,
Japan jointly with Japanese scientists.
Under the India-Japan Cooperative Science Council programme
activities in six identified areas continued through 10 joint
projects and 20 study/short-term research visits. About 40
Indian scientists visited Japan and 30 Japanese scientists
visited India for projects, workshops and exploratory purposes.
One joint workshop and one Discussion Meeting have been organised
in India in the priority areas of 'Material Science' and 'Modern
Biology & Biotechnology' and 17 Indian scientists were
supported for participation in Indo-Japan Workshops held in
Japan in the areas of 'Manufacturing Science' and 'Molecular
Science'. In addition, one Asian Academy Seminar (Winter School)
is proposed to be organised in Dec 2001 at Hyderabad in the
area of 'Material Science' for about 14 Young Scientists from
Asian countries including 20 from India with invited talks/lectures/practical
sessions being given by International experts with the support
of Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).
DST is the responsible organisation in India for various fellowships
implemented by JSPS. For this year 5 Indian researchers were
nominated for the JSPS Post Doctoral Fellowships for conducting
research at Japanese Universities. Cases were also processed
for shortlisting Indian candidates for 4 slots for the RONPAKU
(Ph.D. Dissertation) of JSPS. Indian researchers were also
nominated for various fellowships for conducting research
in Japanese National Institutes (non-Universities) - 5 Post-Doctoral
fellowships, 3 Long-Term Invitation fellowships and 8 Short-Term
Invitation fellowships which were implemented earlier by Science
& Technology Agency (STA) of Japan and now by JSPS.
The Third Session of Indo-Kazakh Joint S&T
Committee was held in New Delhi in August 2001. During this
session, the two sides concluded a Programme of Cooperation
(POC) in Science & Technology and separate Letter of Intent
for cooperation in Biotechnology and MOU on Agricultural Research
Five Kazakh specialists working in areas of
Mining & Metallurgy; Catalysis and Solar Energy visited
India during 2000-2001 on exploratory and projects based visits
to discuss and formulate joint research projects of mutual
Two Kazakh specialists from the Institute
of Chemical Sciences, Almaty and Almaty State University availed
the DST-JNCASR Fellowship under which the scientists worked
for 3-6 months in India. A bio-sensor based earthquake prediction
equipment from Kazakhstan has been installed in N. Delhi.
This equipment is presently under evaluation on the basis
of exchange of daily observation data for three months from
Indian and Kazakh stations.
The First Meeting of the Joint S&T Committee
took place in New Delhi in March, 2001. The Programme of Cooperation
(POC) on S&T was signed during the visit of senior level
delegation from the Malaysian Ministry of Science, Technology
& Environment (MOSTE) to New Delhi in July, 2001. The
POC envisages organization of Joint Seminars/ Workshops on
(i) Advanced Materials; (ii) Ayurvedic Medicines; (iii) Bio-informatics;
and (iv) Vaccine Development. Focal points have been identified
in each of the topics on both sides and dialogue is under
way to organize these Workshops (two in India and two in Malaysia).
A Joint Seminar/Workshop in Advanced Materials is planned
to be held at NML, Jamshedpur together with the International
Advanced Research Center & Powder Metallurgy (ARC-I),
Hyderabad during November/December, 2001. Similarly, a Joint
Workshop on Vaccine Development is being planned in India
in the first quarter of 2002.
Under the Indo-Mexican Programme of Cooperation
in Science & Technology, one joint research project in
Life Science was approved and financial support provided to
the Indian researcher. Another joint project on astrophysics
was also approved, which is being implemented by Indian Institute
of Astrophysics, Bangalore from the Indian side.
An India-Myanmar Friendship Scientific &
Technical Library is being set up in Yangon, Myanmar under
the Programme of Cooperation between India and Myanmar. An
Expert Group from India visited Yangon, Myanmar in August
2001 and held discussions regarding the setting up of the
Library with the Myanmar side.
Following the 4th meeting of the Indo-Polish
Joint S&T Committee which was held at New Delhi, 18 joint
research projects in the areas of Chemistry, Modeling, Instrumentation,
Opto-electronics, Meteorology and Biotechnology are being
implemented. About 25 exchange visits of scientists took place.
An Indo-Polish workshop on "Biotechnological approaches
to herbal drug development" was organized in New Delhi
in which 10 Polish scientists participated.
An Indo-Portuguese Programme of Cooperation
in Science & Technology for the years 2001-2002 specifying
financial and other terms of cooperation, was concluded in
July, 2001 at Lisbon. Joint research projects in the areas
of Ocean Science & Technology, Computer Software and Applications,
Cellular and Molecular Biology, Biotechnology and Physical
& Material Sciences have been identified for initiation.
Simultaneously a MOU on Science & Technology for five
years was also signed. It was also agreed that a workshop
on Oceanography would be organised by the Indian side in Goa
during November 2001.
Republic Of Korea
Negotiations are under way for formalization
of a Programme of Cooperation (POC) in Science & Technology
in specific topics of (i) Chemical Technology; (ii) Biotechnology;
and (iii) Information Technology. The Draft POC was conveyed
to the ROK side envisaging cooperation in Joint R&D projects;
organization of joint Seminars/Workshops; and exploratory
visits of Scientists on both the sides to each other's country
to identify new areas of cooperation. Dialogue is under way
to depute a senior level delegation from India to finalize
the Programme of Cooperation for implementation during 2002-2004.
Integrated Long Term Programme of Cooperation
in Science & Technology (ILTP) is a widespread and well?
knit S&T cooperation programme between India and Russia.
ILTP is coordinated by the Department of Science & Technology
and Russian Academy of Sciences from the Indian and Russian
sides respectively. Its implementation is effected through
a network of area coordinators and project coordinators. The
programme includes projects in eleven thrust areas which have
direct economic relevance related to frontier areas of science
and technology and seven selected areas of basic research
in science. Most of the thrust area projects have high potential
for industrial realization.
Considering the benefit which have accrued from
the ILTP during last 13 years and the vast potential available,
under a new agreement on Integrated Long Term Programme (ILTP)
of cooperation in Science & Technology signed last year,
the ILTP Joint Council in its 10th meeting held in Chernogolkova
in June 2001, approved 57 new projects for inclusion and 83
projects for continuation. Over 200 exchange visits of scientists
were organized for implementation of identified project activities
as well as for exploratory purposes. ILTP fellowships were
offered to 10 Russian scientists for working in India. Technology
Route, a magazine to disseminate information about Russian
technologies ready for commercialisation and technology transfer
to Indian industries, was published on a bi-monthly basis.
Consequent upon the visit of the Director, Singapore
Synchrotron Light Source (SSLS) to Center for Advanced Technology,
Indore, Nuclear Science Center, New Delhi and BARC, Mumbai
in April 2001, an understanding on the utilization of Synchrotron
facilities in each other's country for carrying out the various
beam line experiments were reached. A Memorandum of Understanding
will be entered upon as an enabling mechanism for joint research.
Similarly, dialogue is under way to formalise a Programme
of Cooperation in S&T with the National Science &
Technology Board of Singapore.
Under the cooperation program with Sri Lanka,
six Lankan experts were trained in Accreditation of testing
laboratories in Hyderabad. Six Sri Lankan scientists were
also imparted training in Central Food Technological Research
Institute, Mysore in various areas of Food Processing.
A South African delegation visited India and
a new Programme of Cooperation (POC) has been concluded. On
the request of South African side information on Indian set
up for clearance of issues related to Bio-ethics was provided.
Following the earlier concluded S&T Cooperation
Agreement, India has proposed to conclude a bilateral Programme
of Cooperation (POC) in Science and Technology with Tajikistan
on common areas of interest. Collaborative work on Himalayan
glaciology is envisaged with Central Asian Republics (CARs)
including Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan. It is proposed
to hold a 3-day workshop in India. Two specialists each from
the aforesaid countries will be invited to interact with Indian
groups for identifying joint research projects in glaciology.
An inter-governmental S&T Agreement has
been finalized between the Department of Science & Technology
on the Indian side and the Kingdom of Thailand. The S&T
Agreement is expected to be signed during a forthcoming VVIP
The second meeting of the Indo-Ukrainian Joint
Science & Technology Committee was held in New Delhi.
14 new projects were approved for implementation under the
on-going Programme of Cooperation for the period 2000-2003
in the areas of Metallurgy, Materials Sciences, Earth Sciences,
Cosmology and Food Technology. Ten scientists also exchanged
Cooperation in Science & Technology between
India and UK is presently in the form of supporting project
related exchange visits of scientists in the specific areas
of Agro-Food Science and Biotechnology, Advanced Material
Science & Manufacturing Systems and Telecommunications,
including Information Technology. Around 27 proposals are
presently being supported under the India-UK Science &
Technology Research Fund (UISTRF). 18 Indian visits and 10
visits from the British side have been supported. 12 proposals
have been completed against 39 proposals agreed upon for implementation
DST and UK Office of Science & Technology
are actively considering to re-orient the present level of
interaction to cover, among others, exploratory visits of
eminent scientists / experts, organization of Joint Seminars/Workshops
in specific topics of common interest, utilization of advanced
facilities in each other's country and introduction of lecture
series by eminent experts from each side. Developing academic/industry
linkages in emerging areas particularly to develop major programmes
in Telecommunications, Biotechnology and Advanced Materials
etc. are also under consideration.
DST as a part of its S & T Cooperation Programme
with the National Science Foundation of USA, continued to
support joint research projects whose number increased from
ongoing 18 to 29. Eleven new joint projects in the frontier
areas of nuclear physics, crystallography, stellar astronomy,
microelectronics, molecular biology, metallurgy and atmospheric
sciences have been initiated. A joint workshop on "Emerging
Trends in Vibration and Noise Engineering" will be held
in December this year at Ohio State University in which eight
Indian scientists would be participating.
Indo - US S & T Forum
Under a bilateral agreement, the Indo-US S &
T Forum has been established as an autonomous society with
DST as the administrative department for the Forum. The Governing
Body (GB) of the Forum consisting of 14 eminent persons, with
seven members each from India and the US was constituted.
The meeting of the first regular GB took place
in March 2001, which identified six priority areas of cooperation
namely, Nano-Scale Science and Technology, Genomics, Computer
Modeling, S & T related to Health, Energy & Environment
and Brain Research. Workshops will be held in these areas
in order to formulate the joint research projects. As one
of the first activities, the Forum partially supported a workshop
held at Hyderabad in July 2001 on "Agro floats"
which are planned to be deployed in the world Oceans as network
of intelligent data collecting platforms required for Ocean
Modeling and Climate Studies.
An experimental 1.5 KW Solar Furnace Assembly
gifted by the Institute of Material Science, Uzbekistan under
the Indo-Uzbek S&T Cooperation activities was commissioned
at International Advance Research Centre for Powder Metallurgy
and New Materials (ARC-I), Hyderabad for conducting research
in development of new materials.
An On-line Brightness Control and Monitoring
Equipment for pulp and paper industry was developed jointly
under the Indo-Uzbek S&T Cooperation activities was successfully
installed for field trial in a paper mill in India. As initial
trials have revealed viable economic potentials, both sides
are now working towards product development.
Activities relating to application of lasers
in medicines were continued. The lasers supplied by the Uzbek
side have been used for treatment of specific disease. At
present, the cooperation is directed at the development of
new generation of medical devices with increased efficiency
On an invitation from the Uzbek side, Indian
specialists will visit Uzbekistan in September/October 2001
to discuss joint activities in IT sector specially to organise
an exhibition of IT products from India and extending training
facilities in IT sector.
In accordance to the recommendations of the
Indo-Vietnam Programme of Cooperation in S&T, two joint
projects on Telecommunication Counter and S&T Information
are under implementation. 3 scientists from Vietnam visited
India and one scientist from India visited Vietnam to work
on the prototype Telecommunication Counter. Two Indian experts
visited Vietnam and 2 Vietnamese scientists undertook training
on S&T Information and Dissemination in India. A joint
seminar on Science & Technology Policy Management was
organized in New Delhi in which 6 Vietnamese experts participated.
Reciprocal visits led to the formulation of
joint projects on the 'Development and transfer of technologies
for ethnic minorities in mountainous areas of Vietnam' and
a project on 'Neem tree tissue culture and medicinal extraction'.
Cooperation on the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes
was also agreed upon. Three projects on Oceanographic research
have been also finalised after the visit of a 4-member delegation
from Vietnam to NIO, Goa. A Vietnamese technician has been
trained on Tide Gauge operation in India. A 2-member team
from India visited Vietnam and supervised installation and
commissioning of the Tide Gauge Station.
The 4th Session of the Indo-Vietnam Joint Committee
on S&T was held in New Delhi in August, 2001 which was
led by the Deputy Minister of Science, Technology & Environment
of Vietnam. The progress of the on-going programme was reviewed
and 12 joint projects were approved for the next year.
The First Meeting of the SAARC Technical Committee
on Science & Technology under the restructured IPA was
organised in New Delhi during the year in which all the 7
member states participated. During the meeting, a number of
project proposals were recommended for the current calendar
A separate session on Cooperation in Biotechnology
was held in which Action Plan was prepared and the member
States were assigned the work of preparing respective status
papers on various sectors of Biotechnology. A SAARC Science
& Technology Website was launched during the meeting for
dissemination of information on S&T developments in the
Three initiatives for India-UNESCO collaboration
in S&T was tabled during the visit of DG UNESCO to India
in July 2001. These include UNESCO's sponsorship for international/regional
meetings to arrive at an International Declaration towards
Transition to Sustainable Consumption; Setting up of Intellectual
Resources Management Fund (IRMF) by UNESCO in partnership
with UNDP, World Bank, European Commission and other interested
donors; and UNESCO support for specific Science & Technology
Policy Asian Network (STEPAN) activities under India's leadership
as the STEPAN Regional Secretariat.
As a follow-up of the discussions in India with
DG-UNESCO, DST has conveyed four Draft Resolutions from India
for adoption in the 31st UNESCO General Conference (Paris,
Oct-Nov 2001) on Science Sector.
A Review Workshop of the UNESCO sponsored Pilot
Study on "International Mobility of S&T Professionals"
was held at COSTED, Chennai in June, 2001 for finalizing the
text of the recommendations arising from the feedback of the
questionnaires to different Asian countries. The key recommendation
relates to creation of an Intellectual Resources Management
Fund (IRMF) by UNESCO with the aim to i) ensure human resource
development on the global agenda and receiving support by
developing countries in expanding their research-cum-educational
infra-structural capacity of turning over highly qualified
S&T professionals and ii) intensifying more balanced mobility
of scientists and technologists world-wide by facilitating
visit of foreign and expatriate S&T professionals into
developing countries for rendering their expertise in appropriate
An India-EC Agreement for cooperation in Science
& Technology was signed during the 2nd India-EU Summit
at Delhi in November, 2001. This Agreement will be the basis
for boosting co-operation between the scientific centers of
excellence, partnership between scientists and technical experts
and shared use of advanced research facilities in joint research
projects at cutting edge of science and technology of mutual
interest with application towards socio-economic development.
12 applications were processed for selecting
Indian scientists to be awarded 2001 Year DST-ICTP (International
Centre for Theoretical Physics) fellowships for attending
ICTP Training Programs in fields of Physics of Condensed Matter,
Physics of High & Intermediate Energies and Energy &
Environment at Trieste within the framework of DST-Abdus Salam
International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) Agreement
for Enhanced Cooperation in S&T.
DST-ICTP TRIL Fellowship
DST-ICTP TRIL (Training Researchers in Italian
Laboratories) Fellowship Agreement has been signed. This Agreement
will complement the Indo-Italian POC in S&T 2002-2004
by way of co-financing of fellowship to 5 Indian scientists
for working in Italian laboratories in research areas that
are of direct relevance to Indian R&D programs.
Third World Academy of Sciences
DST intends to participate in the 'Seminar on
Science in India' to be held in October 2001 as a satellite
event to the 8th General Conference of Third World Academy
of Sciences (TWAS) cum 7th General Meeting of Third World
Network of Scientific Organizations (TWONSO) being hosted
by INSA. Information paper on "Opportunities for third
world scientists for advanced research in India " will
Role of NRI's and PIO's in S&T Sector
At behest of the High Level Committee (HLC)
on Indian Diaspora, an S&T Expert Group on Role of Non
Resident Indians (NRIs) and Persons of Indian Origin (PIOs)
was constituted in May 2001. The Expert Group has submitted
its report with specific recommendations on channelising NRI's
for national S&T programs.
at Indian Missions Abroad
Under the India-Japan bilateral programme,
scientists from India conducted joint scientific experiments
at high-energy beam line at Spring-8, Harima in Japan. Two
batches of approved candidates from India availed Postdoctoral
as well as Ronpaku fellowships of JSPS / STA to work at institutions
in Japan. Japanese supervisors of Ronpaku fellows visited
Indian research institutions. Exchange visits also took place
under INSA-JSPS exchange programme.
The S&T wing assisted and participated in
the Japan-India joint seminars on 'Advanced Manufacturing
System' and 'Manufacturing Science of Advanced Composite Materials'
held in Japan. The Wing also facilitated the participation
of Japanese scientists in the international seminars on Manufacturing
Science, held at Hyderabad; Pacific Ocean Remote Sensing Conference
(PORSEC), held at Goa; Conference on S&T of Nano-structured
Materials held at Puri and Conference on Strings 2001 held
The Wing collected, collated and transmitted
important scientific developments and policy decisions in
Japan to various Departments/institutions in India. It identified
institutions undertaking advanced scientific research and
conveyed information to relevant institutions in India with
a view to establish links for collaboration in advanced areas
of research like nano and micro-electronics, special application
ceramics, carbon nano tubes, intelligent materials, information
highway, fuel cells, genomic sciences, genetically modified
food, climate science, earth simulator, deep-sea observation
and sample collection, one kilometre long floating platform
on which experimental flights can land, superconducting material
with pinning centers esp. for magnetic levitation etc.
The wing facilitated signing of a MOU between
IIT, Madras and the Nagoya University. The MOU proposes to
promote exchange of students, professors, researchers, scientific
materials and information as well as undertaking joint research
After the Gujarat earthquake, the Wing coordinated
the visit of Japanese teams, which took sophisticated equipment
to undertake relief and study at the quake sites jointly with
IIT, Bombay and Indian Institute of Geomagnetism. Arranged
an expert technical link on post-quake agricultural rehabilitation
between Gujarat Agricultural University and Japan International
Research Center for Agricultural Science. Links were also
established with EDM, RIKEN, Earthquake Research Institute,
Ibaraki University, and UNHCR.
To intensify joint research programs in the
field of Biotechnology, India (Department of Biotechnology)
and Germany signed a special arrangement of cooperation at
Forschungszentrum, Juelich as a part of the overall Indo-German
S&T cooperation arrangements. Areas agreed for cooperation
are in the fields of functional genomics; drug/vaccine development;
tissue and cell culture; bioinformatics; NMR spectroscopy
and cancer & TB research.
During the visit of Prof. Winnacker, President, Deutsche Forschungsgesellschaft
(DFG), it was agreed in principle to start a project based
DST-DFG program, under which a few major projects have been
The University of Freiburg organized an Indo-German joint
workshop on 'Viral Hepatitis' in June 2001. An eight member
delegation sponsored by ICMR attended the workshop which resulted
into identifying a few major projects on the subject.
The Indo-German workshop on 'Nano materials
Technology' was held in June 2001 at Berlin. An eleven member
Indian delegation took part in the three-day event as an outcome
of which joint projects are being worked out.
To mark the 20th anniversary of Indo-German
cooperation in the field of aeronautical sciences between
DLR, Germany and NAL, India a joint technical symposium is
being organized in September 2001 in the Indian Embassy at
A High Level Indo-US Round Table on Science
and Technology was held in Washington, DC, concurrent with
the visit of the Prime Minister to USA. Distinguished scientists
and administrators from both countries participated in these
meetings. The meetings were co-chaired by Secretary, Dept
of Science and Technology, Govt of India and the US Director
of the Office of Science and Technology Policy and Assistant
to the President of US. The Round Table was aimed at discussing
new directions for the 21st century in Indo-US collaborations
in science and technology.
The University of Maryland expressed strong
interest in collaborating with universities and technical
institutions in Punjab in areas like agriculture, agricultural
processing, agricultural biotechnology, education, capacity
building and training and other areas of science and technology.
In a seminar organized at the Ohio State University, interest
was expressed in furthering collaboration in areas related
to agriculture and agricultural processing through a consortium
of US agricultural universities.