Annual Report 2003 - 2004
International S&T Cooperation
The Department is vested with the mandate to
identify, initiate, facilitate and promote international cooperation
with different nations in the emerging and frontier areas
of science and technology under bilateral, regional or multilateral
framework mode. This is achieved through a systematic effort
in promoting interaction between governments, academia, institutions
and industries, primarily in the fields of science and technology
with specific focus on areas of common interest and activities,
culminating into mutual benefit. These objectives have been
accomplished by adopting an underlying philosophy of give
and take approach with a reciprocal arrangement that
benefits both India and the partner country. The principal
vehicles of cooperation employed were as follows:
- Support exploratory visits to identify trends and specific
areas of mutual interest.
- Promote exchange and dissemination of information and
scientific opportunities through joint workshops, seminars
and symposia, etc.
- Create a comprehensive database and reference source of
Indian Diaspora and other scientists with the aim to establish
linkages and interaction leading to S&T collaborations.
- Exchange of scientists and technocrats through the medium
- Facilitate and promote joint collaborative projects and
programs under S&T rrangements.
- Extend avenues for training in specialized areas of R&D
with thrust on providing access to big facilities.
- Facilitate cooperation in R&D leading to transfer
of technology and product development.
- Establish or cause to establish joint Centres of Excellence
in advanced areas of R&D in India or abroad.
- Networking of Centers of Excellence on a trans-disciplinary
A website was launched to provide better access
to the scientific community both in India and abroad on the
programmes and activities being undertaken in this area. The
website could be accessed at www.nstmis-dst.org.international/index.asp.
A Memorandum of Understanding on scientific
collaboration between DST and the Australian Department of
Education, Research and Training (ERT) was concluded in October
The bilateral programme of cooperation has been
implemented through exchange of scientists in project mode
in the field of nano powders for hydrogen storage, microelectronics,
etc. In order to establish linkages between institutions in
Belarus and India, a specific fellowship programme has been
A meeting between the representatives of the
Ministries of Science & Technology of India and Brazil
was held in October 2003 before the first session of the Indo-Brazil
Joint Commission. It was agreed to prioritize activities in
areas like Biotechnology, Ocean Science & Technology,
Building Materials and Technologies and Metrology.
The Second Session of Indo-Bulgarian Joint S&T
Committee was held in Sofia in October 2003. In this meeting,
five research projects were recommended for implementation.
A Bulgarian delegation participated in the joint
workshop on Electron Beam Technology and Applications organised
at BARC, Mumbai during November 2003.
An Indo-Canadian workshop on Fuel Cells was held at Vancouver,
Canada, in which 5 Indian scientists participated. First meeting
of the Indo-Canadian Joint S&T Committee was held at Agra
during November 2003.
A formal MoU between DST and NSFC was concluded
during the visit of the Indian Prime Minister to China. This
MoU is addressed towards promoting basic sciences research
with the involvement of the academic sector at large.
- Joint Indo-French Laboratories
Two Indo -French laboratories in chemistry
have been set up at IISc, Bangalore in the areas of organic
synthesis and in solid-state chemistry.
The Department also supported the organization
of an Indo-French Seminar on New Trends in Organic Chemistry
in November 2003 at IISc, Bangalore as an activity of the
Indo-French Centre for Organic Synthesis.
- Programme of Cooperation in Science and Technology
In order to strengthen collaboration in S&T
between India and France, an intergovernmental Programme of
Cooperation in Science and Technology (POC) for the period
2003-2005 was signed in March 2003.
An Indian delegation led by Secretary DST participated
in the 9th Meeting of the Indo-French Committee on Scientific
and Technological Cooperation held at Paris during November,
2003. It was agreed that cooperation in ICT, Nanotechnology,
Water, Mathematics, Neuroscience & Biotechnology should
be given priority.
- Indo-French Centre for Promotion of Advanced Research
The Scientific Council of IFCPAR held its 31st
Meeting at Montpellier, France in May 2003.
The Scientific Council of IFCPAR held its 32nd
Meeting at Goa during October 2003. The Scientific Council
recommended support for 9 projects. The recommended projects
are in the areas of Life & Health Sciences, Pure and Applied
Physics, Pure and Applied Chemistry and Material Sciences.
Twenty young Indian scientists in the field
of medicine and physiology and related biomedical subjects
were sponsored to participate in the annual meeting of Nobel
Laureates and students in Lindau.
The Indo-German Committee on Science & Technology,
in its 5th meeting held in Berlin, recommended that the bilateral
cooperation be taken to a higher level by launching some major
flagship collaboration in the fields of nano-materials, machine
translation and synchrotron.
Following the 5th meeting of the Indo-Hungarian
Joint S&T Committee in New Delhi, twelve joint research
projects are being implemented in the areas of Earth Sciences,
Medicine, Chemistry, Biology, Superconductivity and Food Technology.
A new S&T Agreement between Government of
India & Government of Italy was signed in November 2003
on the sidelines of the 4th India-EU Summit. Pursuant to the
5th Session of Indo-Italian Joint Committee on S&T Cooperation,
a new model of bilateral cooperation, namely, India-Trento
Program for Advanced Research (ITPAR) has been launched in
July 2003 between Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Italian
Province of Trento and DST.
Under the India-Japan Cooperative Science Council
Program, the seventh meeting of the India Japan Science Council
was held in Delhi, which approved 8 new projects and 5 joint
workshops/ seminars in the identified priority areas. Cooperative
activities continued through 7 ongoing joint projects, 4 joint
workshops and 1 Asian Academic Seminar on Modern Biology.
A meeting of Indo-Kyrgyz Working Group on S&T
was held in New Delhi during November 2003. Both sides also
agreed to renew the Programme of Cooperation in Science &
Technology for the years 2004-2006 with a view to promote
exchange visits of scientists and technologists.
Bilateral workshops on Advanced Materials, Bioinformatics,
and Traditional Medicines took place in India during the period
under review. Discussions are underway to organize a workshop
on Vaccines Development in Malaysia.
A Science & Technology agreement between India and Mozambique
was concluded in May 2003 at New Delhi during the visit of
Mozambican President to India.
The 3rd Meeting of Indo-Myanmar Joint Working
Group for Scientific and Technological Cooperation was held
in November 2003 at Yangon.
The First Meeting of Indo-Portuguese Joint S&T
Committee and Indo-Portuguese Working Group on Ocean Science
& Technology was held in Lisbon, Portugal during March
2003. A Programme of Cooperation (POC) in S&T for the
period 2003-2005 was also renewed.
Integrated Long Term Programme of Cooperation
in Science & Technology (ILTP) is a widespread and well-
knit S&T cooperation programme between India and Russia.
The ILTP Joint Council, in its 11th meeting held in Bangalore,
approved 43 new projects for inclusion and 88 projects for
In addition to ILTP, Indo-Russian cooperation
is facilitated through Indo-Russian Working Group on Science
& Technology. 8th meeting of the Working Group was held
in Moscow which reviewed progress made under various Sub-Working
Groups on Agricultural Research; Biotechnology; Building Materials;
Industrial Realisation; Meteorology; Metrology, Standardization
and Certification; Medical Sciences; Oceanography and Seismology.
During the visit of the Vice President of India
to the Seychelles, a MOU on S&T collaboration was signed
at Mahe, in September 2003 to strengthen cooperation in the
fields of science and technology including ocean research.
Support continued for seven ongoing joint research
projects in the subject areas of Chemical Sciences, Materials,
Geology, Astronomy, Radio-Electronics, etc.
The 2nd Indo-Sudanese Workshop on Medicinal
and Aromatic Plants was held at NBRI, Lucknow during November
2003. Seven scientists participated in this workshop from
During the state visit of Swiss President in
November 2003, the bilateral agreement on Science & Technology
Cooperation has been concluded and it has been agreed to intensify
cooperation between the scientists and institutions of India
A POC in S&T cooperation for the period 2003-2005 was
signed at Damascus during visit of Prime Minister to Syria
in November 2003. Some of the areas agreed for collaboration
are science policy, technical policy, biotechnology, information
technology and R&D industry linkages.
The S&T Cooperation Agreement between DST and Scientific
and Technical Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK) was concluded
at Ankara, Turkey during the visit of Honble Prime Minister
of India to Turkey during September 2003.
The Indo-Ukrainian Joint S&T Committee during
its third meeting approved fourteen new projects for implementation
under the on-going Programme of Cooperation in the areas of
Metallurgy, Materials Science, Earth Sciences, Cosmology and
Under the new India-UK Science Networks
scheme, proposals for one to one meeting between Indian and
UK young postdoctoral scientists and for organisation of joint
workshops were invited. A number of proposals have been received
under both the programs and will be implemented after the
screening process is over by early 2004.
Honble Minister of State for S&T led
a delegation to UK during July 2003 in connection with the
Great Arc Festivals organized to commemorate the completion
of 200 years of cooperation between the Survey and Mapping
organizations of both countries. Subsequently, Honble
Minister for S&T visited UK during October 2003 in connection
with the Celebration of Great Arc held in London.
United States of America
DST continued to work closely with the National Science Foundation
of USA as a part of its S & T Cooperation Program and
fifteen new joint projects in the frontier areas of nanomaterials,
stellar astronomy, molecular biology, materials & metallurgy,
earth sciences, computer science and weather & climate
studies were initiated. Five joint projects initiated during
1999 have also been successfully completed.
A planning meeting between DST & NSF was
held in New Delhi during June 2003 towards establishing an
Indo-US Materials Research Networking.
DST was a lead participant in the three meetings
of the Indo-US High Technology Cooperation Group (HTCG) established
by MEA to identify research in areas of dual use technology
pertaining to Nano, Bio, Info & Defence technologies.
Joint projects with publicprivate partnership are to be initiated
under this cooperation plan.
As a follow-up of a workshop on Weather & Climate Modeling,
supported by the Indo-US S&T Forum, an agreement between
NCMRWF, India and NCAR, USA was entered into to take up joint
research projects on global, mesoscale and cloud-scale modeling,
including data assimilation and forecasting based on state-of-art
technology for which deliberations were held in Delhi during
IndoU. S. S & T Forum
The fifth Governing Body (GB) Meeting of the
Forum was held in Washington D.C. during August 2003 under
the Co-chairmanship of Secretary, DST and S & T Adviser
to the U.S. Secretary of State.
The Governing Board approved the initiation
of four new programs, including Visiting Professorship, Frontiers
Symposium, Internship Programme and Exploratory Travel Grant
under the aegis of the Forum.
A joint workshop on Biotechnology was held in
India in August 2003 and another on Science, Technology &
Innovation Policy was held in Hanoi in November 2003.
A BIMST-EC Workshop on Tropical Cyclone was
held in New Delhi during March 2003, with a view to share
experience, knowledge, technology and to develop better projects
for understanding and prediction of the weather systems in
The third meeting of the SAARC Technical
Committee on Science & Technology was organised in New
Delhi in November 2003.
Indian research entities
feature in about 40 proposals under Sixth EC Framework Program
(EC FP6) Call for Proposals in 2003 spread out in thematic
priorities of Sustainable Development; Global Change &
Ecosystem; Food Quality & Safety; Information Society
Technologies; Life Sciences, Genomics & Biotechnology
for Health; etc.
Preparatory to 1st
Meeting of India-EC Steering Committee on S&T Cooperation,
official talks between EC DG-Research and DST were held in
Delhi during October 2003. Principal mode of cooperation,
to be promoted, will be European Integrated Project (IP) &
Network of Excellence (NE) Proposals as Joint Projects;
Marie Curie Early Stage Research Training (EST), Marie Curie
Incoming International Fellowships (IIF) & Outgoing International
A trilateral cooperation named India-Brazil-South
Africa (IBSA) Forum has been initiated after the meeting between
the Foreign Ministers of India, Brazil and South Africa in
June 2003 in Brasilia.
ICTP Fellowship Program
Within the framework of DST-Abdus Salam International
Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) Agreement for Enhanced
Cooperation in S&T, Indian scientists were co-sponsored
for participation in ICTP Conferences & In-house Research
Programs in fields of condensed matter physics, mathematics,
high-energy physics and particle physics.
NAM S&T Centre
The Centre for Science and Technology of the
Non-Aligned and Other Developing Countries (NAM S&T Centre)
implemented a range of scientific programmes and activities.
Efforts were made to give more focus to the reports on the
S&T developments in the third world. The Centre also strengthened
its website www.namstct.org. An academic audit document of
the activities undertaken by the Centre during last 10 years
was prepared with a view to delineating a road map to build
the Centre as a strong and sustainable organization.
- Science & Technology Policy Asian Network (STEPAN)
Science & Technology Policy Asian Network
-STEPAN is a UNESCO based program involving S&T policy
makers, practitioners, analysts and researchers from 18 Member
States in Asia-Pacific region.
In its capacity as the present STEPAN Regional
Secretariat, DST hosted the STEPAN Coordination Board Meeting
at New Delhi during April 2003, which agreed for carrying
out flagship activities during 2003-2005.
- 32nd UNESCO General Conference
Secretary, DST chaired the Meeting of Natural
Sciences Sub-Commission of INC for Cooperation with UNESCO
held in New Delhi during August 2003 to recommend Indian interests
for cooperation in science with UNESCO. During 32nd UNESCO
General Conferences-Commission III-Natural Sciences,
deliberations held in Paris in October 2003, Indian Draft
Resolution was accepted which called upon UNESCO to encourage
disaster preparedness through risk evaluation and knowledge
building. It also solicited UNESCO cooperation to augment
networking of Indias Centre of Excellence, Earthquake
Risk Evaluation Centre for exchange of experience in earthquake
risk evaluation and disaster preparedness & regional initiatives
for earthquake and other risk reduction in Asia.
S&T Initiatives with Indian Diaspora
DST in association with Ministry of External
Affairs, commissioned the website, Science & Technology
Professionals of Indian Diaspora with its address http://indiandiaspora.nic.in/
in July 2003. This website targets web-enabled registration
and networking of Scientists and Technologists of Indian Origin
Abroad (STIOs) with Indian academia, research laboratories,
industry, entrepreneur and enterprises, with the overall objective
of strengthening and enhancing Indias S&T excellence
and global competitiveness.
DST coordinated the 2nd Pravasi Bhartiya Divas
(PBD) session on Creating Technology Corridors with
STIOs held in New Delhi during January 2003. Enhancing
Indias technological competence in automotive R&D;
nanoelectronics & nanodevices; and drugs & pharmaceuticals
through STIOs cooperation were identified.
S&T Wings at Indian Missions Abroad
Some of the major
highlights of Indo-German Cooperation in the field of S&T
facilitated and coordinated through the Science Wing were
- 5th Meeting of the Indo-German Joint Committee on S&T
Secretary, DST led the eight-member Indian
delegation to Germany during September 2003 for the 5th Meeting
of the Joint Committee. The possibilities of further intensifying
cooperation through newer modes of cooperation were reviewed.
- Asia Pacific Week (APW) in Berlin with India as focus
During September 2003, the biennial Asia-Pacific
Week event was conducted in Berlin, with India as the focus
- Joint Scientific Workshops
Three scientific workshops were organized in
the year 2003.
- DAAD / IIT Masters Sandwich Programme
59 students at M. Tech. level from IITs in India
arrived in Germany in September 2003 to undertake their 9
months research project.
- Bilateral visits to Germany
Under the umbrella of Indo-German S&T programme,
the year 2003-2004 witnessed a large number of visits from
- Indian Prime Ministers visit to Germany
Honble Prime Minister of India visited
Germany (Berlin & Munich) in May 2003 and carried forward
the agenda of Iyndo-German partnership in the field of academic
and scientific research.
The S&T Wing facilitated the visits of RONPAKU
Postdoctoral Fellows under the JSPS Exchange Programme, exchange
of visits under JSPS-INSA Agreement and IJCSP, and the Indian
experimentalists at High Energy Beam Line at SPring-8. Information
on the research work going on in India on a particular poultry
breed called Aseel, which has its origins in India,
was provided by the mission.
- Delegation Visit and Meetings
A 7-member delegation of Indian scientists attended
the India-Japan Cooperative Science Programme organised by
the IJCSP at Yokohoma during October 2003.
The 8th meeting of Indo-Russian
working group on Science & Technology was held in Moscow
during May 2003. The Working Group expressed satisfaction
on the ongoing activities under various thematic scientific
interaction forums for technology innovation and commercialization
and made recommendations for establishing Science & Technology
Center to facilitate coordination of technology transfer,
creation of joint ventures and high technologies.
During the summit level
meeting between the Indian Prime Minister and Russian President,
MOUs and Protocols were signed on creation of Indo-Russian
Centre for Earthquake Research; Protocol between DST and Russian
Academy of Sciences on Scientific cooperation, to develop
and enlarge mutually beneficial cooperation between scientific
institutions and scientists in India and Russia; MOU on Indo-Russian
Centre for Gas Hydrates and an agreement between Indian National
Science Academy and Russian Sciences Academy to facilitate
Realizing a great potential for strengthening
and diversification of Indo-US S&T cooperation, a number
of delegations visited USA and interacted with government
officials, scientists, professionals, academicians and renowned
personalities of Indian origin in key areas.
S&T Wing received
the following delegations and their meetings were coordinated:
- 5th Meeting of the Governing Body of
Indo-US S&T Forum was held in Washington DC during August
- A delegation of Ministry of Communication
and Information Technology met experts of NIST on the issue
of cyber security and agreed to develop Common Criterion
Peer Assessment Process.
- Indo-US High Technology Cooperation
Group (HTCG) meeting was held with senior officials of the
US Department of Commerce during July 2003.
- A 10-day interaction meeting between
US Nuclear Regulatory Commission and Atomic Energy Regulatory
Board (AERB) of India was conducted during September 2003
to enhance future cooperation in Nuclear Safety and Code
Sharing on Radiological Protection.
- During June 2003, the first meeting
of the Indo-US Joint Working Group on HIV/STD Prevention
Research was organized between scientists of National Institute
of Health (NIH) and Indian delegation, led by DG, ICMR.
- A high-level Indian delegation led
by Deputy Chairman, Planning Commission, participated in
the Ministerial Meeting and Technology Showcase on International
Partnership for the Hydrogen Economy.
- S&T Wing is coordinating between
National Centre for Complementary and Alternative Medicine
(NC-CAM) and Ministry of Health & Family Welfare to
strengthen Indo-US Cooperation in Indian System of Medicine
(AYUSH Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy)
through joint R&D activities in drug development and
by offering short accredited courses on Ayurveda in US Medical