Annual Report 2004-2005
Management Information Systems
National Science and Technology
Management Information System (NSTMIS)
The scientific and technological activities play a
vital role in the economic, social and physical development
of a country. Scientific and technological research needs
huge investments and calls for a judicious utilization of
scarce resources like investment, trained manpower, raw materials
etc. The growth of science and technology, its performance
and impact on society and economy are indicators to assess
the effectiveness of planning and policy formulation. For
this purpose, it is necessary to build science and technology
information on a continuous basis. The National Science and
Technology Management Information System (NSTMIS) under the
Department of Science and Technology is entrusted with the
task of collection, collation, analysis and dissemination
of vital S&T information at a national level.
With a view to build reasonable database/analyses on S&T
investment, S&T manpower availability/deployment/gap and
S&T indicators, a number of studies were sponsored during
S&T Resources Studies
The national survey for bringing out the report titled Research
and Development Statistics 2002-2003 was completed and
data were being compiled. This report would provide information
and analysis in forms and variety like financial and human
resources deployed by research institutions/ laboratories
of major scientific agencies, central ministries/departments,
State Government institutions/ departments, research stations
and in-house R&D units of public and private sector industries.
The sectoral report on Research & Development in
Industry based on the above mentioned survey will provide
detailed information on the financial and human resources
devoted to industrial R&D activities.
The pocket version of Data Book 2002 was published. This year,
a new section on Information, Communication Technology (ICT)
Indicators had been added.
Information System and Database Activities
The National Science and Technology Management Information
System (NSTMIS) continued its effort to compile information
on extramural R&D projects funded by different central
agencies. Besides maintaining a computerised database on extramural
R&D projects from 1985-86 onwards, the NSTMIS continued
to publish annually, a directory of extramural R&D projects
funded during every financial year.
The directory for the year 2001-02, twelfth in the series,
contains information on 2304 new R&D projects approved
by 19 central government departments/agencies. The total approved
cost of these projects was Rs.444.96 crores. Projects in Engineering
& Technology (28%), Medical Sciences (20%) and Biological
Sciences (13%) together cost about 61% of the total R&D
support. Forty eight percent (48%) of the total support was
given to the academic sector. The National Laboratories under
government received 38% of the total financial support. Among
the funding agencies, the extramural R&D support by Department
of Science & Technology (DST) was the highest; being 115.85
crores, and it was followed by DBT (Rs.103.96 crores).
The next annual survey for updating the above database and
to produce directory for the year 2002-2003, had been launched.
Also, based on the above mentioned database, the DST has been
bringing out reports giving quick analyses on the extramural
research support by the central government agencies. Two reports
on the funding pattern of the sponsored research by scientific
agencies, for the periods 1985-90 and 1990-95 had already
been brought out. The third report for the period 1995-2000
had been completed. The work to produce general information
booklet has been initiated this year. This will provide information
on various schemes of Central Government funding agencies.
The projects completed during the year were-The Survey on
Application of Performance Appraisal, on Training & Development
in SSIs; Research and Development in Sociology and Social
Anthropology; Database on Metals and Minerals of Traditional
System; Creation of Database of Agricultural Scientists and
Experts to Solve Farm Level Problems; Study on Guidelines
for Measuring Success or Failure of Research Projects; S&T
Awards in India; Changing Trends in Science as a Career; and
Aspects of Knowledge Generating Institutions in India.
The NSTMIS had actively participated and contributed in the
development and revision of standards, concepts, and definitions
used for collection of Science Statistics and development
of Science & Technology Indicators in UNESCO and OECD
meetings. It also provided information for the country on
Science & Technology indicators to UNESCO for their publication
titled UNESCO Statistical Yearbook.
Natural Resources Data
Management System (NRDMS)
Natural Resources Data Management System (NRDMS) programme
is a multi-disciplinary and multi-institutional programme
aimed at developing methodologies for promoting and use of
spatial data management and analysis technologies in local
area planning. For developing necessary inputs for local planning
strategies, NRDMS is supporting several academic and R&D
Institutions with projects specially focusing towards the
need of local level planning. Keeping in view the current
system of governance, technological advancement and the end-user
requirements, vision of the NRDMS programme has been upgraded
to empower people, communities and institutions of self-governance,
with Spatial Data Technologies, for informed participation
in decision-making for Integrated Development plans. The present
emphasis of the programme is as follows:
Demonstrate and promote the use of Spatial
Data Technologies for micro level planning under diverse terrain
- Provide software support for data management, modeling
and operation research;
- Promote R & D in spatial data technology;
- Technology Transfer & Capacity Building of potential
- Forge linkages with the users at different levels;
Provide S&T inputs for framing policies
related to Spatial Data Technologies;
- Develop & demonstrate pilot scale spatial infrastructure
and provide research support to National Spatial Data Infrastructure;
- Documentation and dissemination of information.
The new thrust areas for R&D identified under the programme
included Spatial Data Technologies; Advanced Technology Applications
in large scale spatial data gathering; Land & Water Management
at local level; Landslide Hazard Mitigation; Coastal Zone
Resource Management; and Technology Transfer and Capacity
The activities under the NRDMS programme during 2004-2005
are reported below:
GIS District Database Centers
NRDMS GIS Database Centers were set up in Bageshwar, and
Champawat Districts in Uttaranchal. In Karnataka State, out
of the 27 districts, 16 districts have already been covered
and during 2004-05, 6 districts are being covered. The entire
state would be covered by 2007. In Madhya Pradesh, 3 districts
namely Mandla, Seoni and Dedoni are being taken up under the
programme. In Haryana, comprehensive GIS database has been
developed for Punchkula, Yamunanagar and Ambala districts.
In Rajasthan, Tonk district has been taken up for resource
"Hydrology of small watersheds"
Data on hydro-meteorological, soil, nutrients and process
related parameters at small watershed level have been generated
on daily/weekly/monthly/ seasonal basis in a pair of treated
and untreated watersheds representing four different agro-ecological
zones of the country. The data have been analysed to generate
water and land management plan containing water balance study
monthly, SDSS for land and water management have been developed
for different agro ecological zones. Biophysical indicators
were identified and used to monitor the changes due to the
interventions. Based on the outputs of the various projects,
a technical volume is being brought out to highlight the achievements
of the programme.
"Landslide Hazard Mitigation"
Landslide hazard zonation mapping and risk assessment on
larger scale has been undertaken in selected areas of Uttaranchal
State. Based on the outputs of the project supported earlier,
a Landslide Hazard Zonation Atlas is being brought out. Few
R&D projects on landslide hazard mitigation were supported
to undertake detailed studies on Geological and Geotechnical
aspects to help in developing models for slope stability analysis.
As a part of this programme, a Mission Mode Project on Landslide
Hazard Mitigation focusing on Uttaranchal State has been evolved.
The emphasis of the project is to provide total S&T solution
using state-of-the-art technologies to control and adopt the
preventive measures at some of the active landslide sites.
An Early Warning System is also being developed and operationalised
at least in two sites to provide on line data/ information
of various parameters responsible for triggering the mass
movement. This would be processed and used in issuing the
Early Warning in highly vulnerable zones of the landslides.
"Bio-Geo Database & Ecological
Modeling for the Himalayas" sub-programme
Data collection and collation activities for the generation
of datasets of natural resources (on land use, soil, water,
geology, flora and fauna) and socio economy are going on for
three micro watersheds in Himachal Pradesh (HP) study transect.
The generation of topographical data in the digital form at
1:25,000 scale by SOI has been initiated for HP study transect.
The detailed soil survey of Moolbary watershed was completed
and soils were mapped at soil series phase level (Figure 9.1).
The soil resource data was interpreted for land capability
and irrigability classification. Further, efforts are being
made to organize the integrated database out of these datasets
in GIS framework. For the Uttaranchal (UA) study transect,
specific R&D studies on soil erosion, hydrology, ground
water, socio-economy, biodiversity have been initiated for
Fakot & Pathrirao (Garhwal region) micro watersheds by
the identified technical groups.
National Spatial Data Infrastructure
This programme is focusing on standardization
of the data sets, make the standard sets available on a network,
and set up a set of mechanisms and policies for facilitating
authentication and availability of various types of spatial
data sets collected in the country for use in various developmental
purposes. Various departments and survey agencies like DST,
SOI, NATMO, DOS, GSI, ICAR, CGWB are participating in this
endeavour. Creation of the NGDI will require launching of
various R & D initiatives defining data / metadata standards,
developing data transfer standards, building up data browsing
tools / protocols, setting up of data clearing houses for
data validation / authentication. NGDI with its data / metadata
standards will facilitate creation and development of resource
databases for the district level GIS centers and modeling
studies. During the X plan, it is therefore proposed to launch
a sub-programme on NGDI to help evolve the standard data sets
needed for developing district level databases and modeling
exercises vis-à-vis the NGDI standards. A mechanism
will be set up for validating and authenticating the data
sets generated through primary surveys for research and modeling
purposes. Creation of National Geospatial Data Committee (NGDC)
for NSDI is being considered by the Cabinet.
A new map policy has been drafted
to make the maps and map data easily available and accessible
to all for all areas of the country without any restriction.
The policy envisages two series of maps: one for defence and
other for civilian use. Maps in the public domain will have
different content, different datum and projection. These maps
will also be depicting contours and graticule values. The
policy was approved by the Committee of Secretaries and is
being submitted to the Cabinet for its approval.
Village Information System
(Local Spatial Data Infrastructure)
A brainstorming workshop was conducted
in October 2004, to evolve a methodology for Village Information
System (VIS) in which a number of experts from Government,
academia and NGOs participated. The task has now been undertaken
by Survey of India and is expected to be completed with in
Mapping the Neighbourhood
The programme was initiated to
map the surrounding areas with the help of school children.
This was a step in generating knowledge maps and also creating
awareness/ capacity building
among the students and teachers. The mapping exercise was
initiated with 10 schools in awalbagh development block of
Almora District. As a part of the programme, detailed methodology
for neighbourhood mapping has been developed. The programme
is being extended to 30,000 schools all over the country.
PURA (Providing urban amenities
in rural areas)
An innovative project for providing
urban amenities in rural areas (PURA) was launched in 2003.
The basic aim of the project is to develop a typical rural
economic model involving physical, electronic, economic and
knowledge connectivities. Since, it is a unique project having
inter connectivity of various sectors; it may require inputs
from multi-disciplinary groups working in the area. A block
of District Haridwar has been selected to be developed as
a model on physical connectivity. To facilitate this, three
projects have been supported to various agencies for providing
their inputs related to development of comprehensive GIS database
of the block on larger scale, development of energy model
and development of models for locating the various infrastructural
facilities and their interconnectivity.
Coastal Zone Resource Management
Five R&D projects were supported
to undertake detailed mapping and assess the coastal stability
for providing the suitable measures for stabilization of the
soil erosion. A mathematical model was developed to predict
long and short-term coastal changes. Using this model, prediction
of shoreline advancement and water surface elevation at 2.5
hours after the high water at the entrance has been carried
out (Figures 9.2 and 9.3). The approach paper on the theme
is under finalization.
Programme on Creating
Awareness about Applications of Geo-Informatics for Local
Goal of this programme is to create
awareness about utility of maps and Geo-informatics for local
problem solving among rural masses. In pilot mode, the programme
was launched in the States of Punjab, West Bengal and Andhra
Pradesh, covering ten schools each from four districts from
each of the states. At the end of the programme, it is targeted
that 15,000 school children will be made aware about the basics
of maps and Geo-informatics and their utility in local problem
Training and User Workshops
- A training programme on the application of GPS and GIS
in landslide hazard mitigation was conducted in April 2004
at IIT, Roorkee.
- A short term course on landslide hazard mitigation and
mapping was organized in September, 2004 at SASTRA, Thanjavur.
- Two training programmes on GIS and Remote Sensing for
the scientists working under Bio- Geodatabase and ecological
modeling were organized at IIT, Roorkee.
- Two specialized training modules; first on the concept
of database & GIS for the Project Investigators
(PIs) from HP transects and second on GRAM++ package
was organized for both HP & UA PIs during March
April 2004 & January 2004 at IIT-Roorkee respectively.