Annual Report 2004-2005
S & T Manpower Development & Promotion
Department of Science and Technology has been
supporting a number of programmes for S&T Manpower Development
& Promotion. SERC has promoted many of the continuing
projects and programmes like the SERC Schools, Contact Programmes,
Kishore Vaigyanik Prothsahan Yojana (KVPY), DST-JNC Summer
Student Fellowships, and Integrated Science Olympiad Programme.
The Council also encouraged programmes supporting Young Scientists
to take up challenging R&D activities as a career and
to Women Scientists & Technologists to encourage women
to take research in frontier areas of S&T. The new initiatives
announced by SERC during this year are as follows:
- "Continuous Nurture Scheme" for Young Scientists
with proven Track Record;
- New Scheme titled "Ramanna Fellowship"for performing
scientists with proven track record;
- New Scheme titled "Ramanna Professorship"for
distinguished scientists having track record of significant
- Post-Doctoral Fellowships in Nano-science and Technology.
The programme anchored by Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced
Scientific Research, Banglaore has been initiated with 7
fellowships in this year.
The focused programmes supported by the Department
in this area and the achievements in these programmes are
During the year, several SERC Schools were
organized. Some of these are listed below:
- Summer School on Astronomy and Astrophysics;
- SERC School on Special Functions, Functions of Matrix
Arguments: Recent Advances and
Recent Applications in Astrophysics and Statistics;
- Summer SERC School on Atmospheric Constraints on GPS Performance
- SERC School on Strongly Correlated Physics at Harish Chandra
Mehta Research Institute, Allahabad;
- Preparatory School in Theoretical High Energy Physics
at I.M.Sc., Chennai;
- Main School in Theoretical High Energy Physics at IIT,
- Second SERC School on Experimental High Energy Physics
at Punjab University, Chandigarh;
- SERC School on Quantum Information and Quantum Optics
at Physical Research Laboratory, Ahmedabad;
- SERC School in Nuclear Physics at IIT, Mumbai;
- SERC School in Non-Linear Dynamics at Physical Research
- Third SERC School on Chronobiology at Gulbarga University,
- SERC School on Methods in Materials Characterisation at
- Second Advanced School on Nano-science and Technology
at S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences, Kolkata.
The focal theme of the school being Science of Size
Reduction, different routes of preparation, and characterization
of Nano-materials and applications;
- Third Winter School on Sedimentary Facies and Basin Analysis;
- Advanced School on Tropical Cyclones at Andhra
University, Visakhapatnam during November-December 2004.
Fast Track Scheme for
Realizing the importance of development of Scientific Manpower
for taking up research in challenging areas of S&T, the
Department in its 10th plan has decided to focus upon the
schemes that facilitate encouraging, supporting and nurturing
Science students and Young Scientists in a coordinated manner.
The Science and Engineering Research Council (SERC), in order
to provide quick research support to young scientists below
the age of 35 years, has introduced a new fast track mechanism
During the current year, 200 new projects were sanctioned
in various disciplines. Several interesting and significant
results were reported from ongoing projects. A novel methodology
has been developed to prepare polyhydroxylakyl and C-glycosylfuran
derivatives from free sugars catalyzed by cerium (III) chloride
in aqueous solution. New extra large pore disordered microporous
titanium silicate has been synthesized using bola-amphiphile
surfactant 1,12 diaminododecane. In a project on theoretical
chemistry, interaction energy of the molecules using local
HSAB principle has been calculated using Density functional
and Hartree-Fock methods and these values are in good agreement
with the experimental results. A new route has been developed
for synthesis of homoallylic amines using iodine as catalyst.
Two patents were filed by CIMAP, Lucknow and two patents have
been filed from a project in the area of Catalysis. Two more
patents were likely to be filed.
A multiple resistance to antibiotics was displayed by the
bacterial isolate from three different sampling stations in
Yamuna river water that was an important achievenment in yet
another project. Among the 17 antibiotics/drugs tested for
sensitivity 12 different resistance patterns were revealed.
The number of antibiotics/drugs against which resistance was
observed ranged from 1-14. As difference in percentage of
bacterial resistance to various antibiotics may reflect the
history of antibiotics applications, there is possibility
of using bacterial resistance as an indicator of antibiotic
application. The incidence of resistance as conferred by a
E. coli isolates against ampicillin, amoxillin cloxacillin,
erythromycin, rifampicin, doxicyllin and some other antibiotics
might reflect the wide spread chemotherapeutic use of these
drugs by human and other animals in the vicinity of test sampling
stations. The multi drug resistance which is generally carried
by plasmids, may be infectious and transmissible to such an
extent that it can even cross the boundaries of species and
genera. Therefore, the study suggests that the bathers and
other people who consume untreated water are at high risk
of intestinal disorders.
for Young Scientists in Chosen Areas Of Science and Technology
The BOYSCAST programme provides opportunities to young Indian
scientists/technologists below the age of 35 years who hold
regular positions in recognized S&T institutes in India
to visit reputed institutions abroad, interact with scientists/technologists
there, get exposure to latest research techniques and participate
and contribute to the latest developments in specially chosen
areas of Science & Technology. During the year, fellowships
of duration 3 to 12 months have been awarded to 38 scientists/technologists
under the programme for conducting research/undergoing specialized
training in overseas research laboratories/institutes in the
broad areas including: Atmospheric & Earth sciences, Chemical
sciences, Engineering sciences, Life sciences, Mathematical
sciences and Physical sciences. Some of the important topics
under these broad areas are Geotectonic models and experiments,
Modelling in earth system sciences, Evolution and dynamics of
Indian lithosphere, Organometallic and asymmetric synthesis,
Heterogeneous catalysis, Novel/advanced materials, Polymer and
surface Chemistry, Laser Spectroscopy and chemical dynamics,
Supramolecular chemistry, Computational fluid dynamics, VLSI
design and embedded systems, Machine intelligence, Advanced
mechanical design, Site directed mutagenesis, Molecular epidemiology,
Drug delivery system, Brain mapping, Reproduction technology,
Plant genetic resources, Industrial microbiology, Crop biotechnology,
Genetic engineering, Design of efficient numerical/qualitative
methods for solving differential equations, Fuzzy set theory,
Electronic materials and processing, Nanophase materials, Optoelectronics
etc. It is envisaged that the expertise gained by these young
scientists/technologists during the fellowship period will lead
to initiation/strengthening of the national programmes in these
areas as well as further generation and spread of expertise
at the national institutes.
Swarnajayanti Fellowships Scheme
The scheme of Swarnajayanti Fellowships was instituted during
1997-98 to commemorate our countrys 50th year of independence.
The scheme is unique in itself because besides giving an attractive
fellowship, it allows the scientists and engineers to conduct
unfettered research in the frontier areas of science and technology.
The candidates chosen are from among the best of those engaged
in research in basic sciences & engineering in the country.
It attracts scientists between the age group of 30-40 years.
The selected candidates are awarded an attractive fellowship,
besides a major project grant.
Every year, applications are invited from eligible candidates
in prescribed format for which advertisements are released
in the National Dailies, and magazines such as Current Science
and University News. The candidates can apply in the six broad
subject areas, namely, Physical Sciences, Chemical Sciences,
Mathematical Sciences, Life Sciences, Engineering Sciences
and Earth & Atmospheric Sciences. Under each subject area,
an expert committee is formed which comprises eminent scientists
and experts covering a wide spectrum of specialization. Seven
fellowships were awarded during 2004-05.
Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana
The Kishore Vaigyanik Protsahan Yojana (KVPY), being coordinated
by IISc, Bangalore on behalf of DST, has established itself
as the most attractive scholarship and training scheme for young
students in the country. About 90 students were selected for
award of this fellowship this year.
For the students continuing in the Scheme, summer training
programmes were organized in a number of institutions across
the country. Based on their scholastic performance in their
respective courses of study and their performance in the summer
training programme, the fellowship was renewed.
The Indian teams again performed very well in the International
Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry and Biology Olympiads. The
medal tally this year was in Mathematics : 4 silver and 2
bronze; in Physics : 1 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze; in Chemistry
: 1 gold, 1 silver and 2 bronze; and, in Biology : 3 silver
and 1 bronze medals.
For Participation In International Conferences
The objective of the scheme is to provide partial travel
assistance to the Indian Scientists working in the Educational/Academic
Institutions and National R&D Laboratories to enable them
to participate in the International Conferences/Workshops/Training
Programmes etc. This provides an opportunity to the Indian
Scientists to intereact with their foreign counterparts and
helps them to update their knowledge and also present their
research findings at an International level for a better peer
During the year, 1500 cnadidates were supported. Out of this,
665 young scientists were supported towards travel grants
to participate in International Conferences/Workshops/Training
Programmes etc. Some of the young outstanding scientists were
given 100% travel grants. Some of the important Conferences
were IEEE Tencon Conference, World Congress on Clinical Nutrition,
World Rice Research Conference, Conference on Human Genetics,
Congress on Plasma Physics, International Crop Science Congress
DST Schools on Matematical
Modelling in Earth System Sciences
The main aim of this programme is to develop manpower in
mathematical modeling and computer simulation for better understanding
of processes and phenomena in Earth System Sciences (Earth,
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences), which can fill up the present
and future needs of our country, through organizing various
types of inter-disciplinary and multi-institutional training
activities in different parts of the country.
The thrust will be maintained/implemented through organizing
various types of Summer/Winter School(s), Short Term Training
Programmes, International Workshops/Group Discussions (3-10
days), Contact Programmes, Advanced Lecture Circuit, Hands
on Training, Field Based Studies/ Campaign, Talent Search,
etc. Details are available on website: www.dst.gov.in
The following programmes were organized under this activity:
PROBE- Introducing Meteorology
- Advanced Training School on Applications of GIS,
GPS and Remote Sensing in Urban Infrastructure Planning
and Management by Jaya Engineering College, CTH Road,
Thiruninravur, Chennai at Thiruninravur, Chennai;
- Short Term Training on Mathematical Modeling of
Groundwater Flow and Mass Transport through Theory, Class
& Hands on Training at School of Environmental
Sciences, JNU, New Delhi;
- A Training Programme on Role of Mathematical Modeling
in Groundwater Resources Management at National Geophysical
Research Institute, Hyderbad; and
- A Training Programme on Hydrology and Ground Water
Modeling at University of Rajastha, Jaipur.
Department of Science and Technology under its joint colaborative
programmes with participation from other government departments
launched a program on Participation of youngsters in Real
time/field Observations to Benefit Education (PROBE). The
aim is to encourage participation of students in acquiring,
generating and using meteorological data to understand day-to-day
environment. The program through scientific observations and
use of Information Technology Tools aims at making science
education interesting and useful.
U-PROBE Pilot Experiment
Pilot experiment of PROBE in the Uttaranchal State has been
named as U-PROBE. Out of 100 schools identified under pilot
program from all the thirteen districts of State of Uttaranchal,
45 schools have been equipped with meteorological instruments
and field laboratories established. (Figures 7.1 and 7.2).
A process of participatory data collection by school children
as a means of scientific learning has been introduced. The
data thus recorded by students of all the participating schools
will be transmitted to six nodal centers established at the
Universities, DST and IMD. The program aims at linking students,
teachers, scientific community and Non-Governmental Organisations
in the state of Uttaranchal. Some of the highlights are:
a) During the year, two more Technical Resource
Centers (TRCs) were established at GB Pant Institute of Himalayan
Environment & Development (GBPHIED), Almora and Defense
Agricultural Research Laboratory (DARL), Pithoragarh.
b) First Master Trainers Workshop on U-PROBE program
was organized from July 5th to 17th, 2004 at Indian Institute
of Technology, Delhi. In this workshop, 33 teachers from GICs
in Uttaranchal identified under this program participated.
c) On 29th January, 2004 the Website on U-PROBE was formally
inaugurated by Honble MOS (S&T). The U-PROBE Website
was designed and developed by National Informatics Center
Services Inc. (NICSI), New Delhi. The website was formally
launched on 29th January 2004 at Survey of India Complex,
Dehradun for the benefit of teachers and participants.
d) The six Technical Resource Centers organized lectures by
eminent experts and teachers workshops with the participation
of schools students and teachers.
e) DST with the help of NIC held demonstration workshops for
the teachers of PROBE schools in Almorah, Nainital and Udhamsingh
Nagar Districts on software developed for data generation
f) Directorate of Education, Government
of Uttaranchal had organized Inter-School competitions/ contests
focusing on the activities of U-PROBE program on the occasion
of Uttaranchal day on 9th November, 2004 at Dehradun.
g) The meteorological data collected
by GIC Rookree; GIC, Kotdwar; GIC, Mussorie; GIC Jwalapur
and others is being regularly transmitted by e-mail/ and floppy
disks though INTERNET to respective Technical Resource Centers.
The pilot project has been extended
to National Capital Region (NCR), Delhi. The Meteorological
laboratories have been started in six defense schools in the
NCR region. The modalities for implementation were discussed
and it was decided to identify Meteorology and Pollution as
theme for Delhi schools. The Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan
has identified 28 Kendriya Vidyalayas in NCR, Delhi to be
covered under this program. The launch of PROBE in schools
in West Bengal, and Tamilnadu is being initiated.
Scheme for Committed
Action research projects are granted to young scientists
(upper age limit of 35 years for men, 40 years for women)
with the objective of (a) attempting a field implementation
of an idea, or (b) developing new techniques for solving problems
which do not have clear solutions at present. Young scientists
are encouraged to pursue innovative research ideas, which
have direct bearing on social problems in selected voluntary
organizations, academic institutions or research laboratories.
During the year, thirteen projects were sanctioned under
this scheme. Highlights of some of the projects are given
In order to tackle the white root rot disease
caused by Dematophora necatrix Hartig (Rosellinia necatrix
Prill.) in Himachal Pradesh, a project is being implemented
with the main aim of developing a bio-control method for long
term management of this disease (Figures 7.3a & 7.3b).
Under this project, efforts are being made to identify the
antagonistic fungi and suitable soil amendments to develop
a farmer-oriented simple application to control the disease.
- In Sunderban region of West Bengal, papaya is an important
fruit crop. Under a project, standardization of tissue culture
method for micro-propagation is being established by Vivekananda
Institute of Biotechnology to increase the productivity
of good quality papaya fruits, establishment of papaya tissue
culture is being tried.
- In a project on an effort to introduce Vasicular Arbuscular
Mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi for the cultivation of micropropagated
banana in Sunderban area, West Bengal; 10 isolates of VAM
fungi from several host plants like: marigold, subabul,
acacia, leucaena, lime, gladiolus, neem and tephrosia were
isolated. A few of them have been identified as Glomus
fasciculatum, Glomus macrocarpum, Gigapora gigantean. Methodology
for VAM inoculum production is standardized.
- In another project, a study is carried out on the potentiality
of Nypa fruitcans, a monotypic palm from mangroves, as a
domesticated plant in brackish water area, Sunderban, West
Bengal. Experiment on salinity, effect on leaf harvesting
and standardization of procedures of tapping have been conducted.
During the year, 5 projects were completed successfully.
Some of the achievements are as follows:
- A test kit for testing the food products viz.-measurement
of color, acidity, moisture, sugar salt and microbes, in
rural areas by the women self help groups (WSGH) engaged
in food processing was developed by the Society for Rural
Industrialization. A booklet on the Test kit in local vernacular
language (Hindi) was prepared.
- A centralized distillation unit for Lemongrass and Palmarosa
(essential oil rich plants) was installed for production
of essential oils for the benefit of marginal farmers.
i) Contact programme on Fluvial Systems;
ii) Contact programme on Experimental Structural Geology;
iii) Six young scientists were provided intensive training in
Anisotropic Magnetic Susceptibility
Studies for three months at IIT, Kharagpur and Wadia Institute
of Himalayan Geology.
iv) A Magnetotelluric Data Interpretation Workshiop was organized
at Indian Institute of
Geomagnetism during 13-17 October 2004. About 50 Indian and
Foreign Students were
trained on various aspects related to magnetotelluric data acquisition,
v) A Workshop on Indian Geotransects was organized
to discuss the achievements under
various transects under DCS programme and future directions,
during 25-26 November 2004
at Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Dehradun. About 60
Experts and Project Investigators
made presentations on their scientific work. Several new corridors
and studies to be taken up
under the Deep Continental Studies programme were discussed.
vi) Two days Brain Storming Session on Hydrology of Glacierised
Basin was organised during
4-5 March, 2004 by National Institute of Hydrology, Roorkee.
The main focus of the Brain
Storming Session was on Discharge observations; Melting of glaciers
and modelling of runoff.
21 scientists from different organisations and research institutions
participated in the Brain
vii) A five day symposium was organised by Snow Avalanche and
Study Establishment at Manali during April 13-16, 2004. The
aim of the symposium was to understand the intricacies of the
evolution of seasonal snow pack in different climatic zones
and seek solutions to the problems of snow monitoring and avalanche
mitigation in varied snow climatic zones.