Annual Report 2005-2006
Fund for Improvement of S&T Infrastructure
in Universities and Higher Educational Institutions (FIST)
FIST - Fund for improvement of S&T infrastructures in
universities and higher educational institutions scheme was
started way back in the 2000 for augmenting PG teaching and
research activities in all science departments of Universities,
Colleges and other academic Institutions in the country. It
is an unique scheme in which emphasis is given on overhaul
up gradation of the concerned departments for imparting high
quality teaching and for carrying out research at par with
International standards. The basic objective of this scheme
is to enhance the capability of all such departments either
engaged in PG teaching or actively involved in research activities
so that more students can be attracted to pursue their carrier
in higher studies in new and emerging areas.
The Program generally extends support in six broad subject
areas of S&T i.e. Life Sciences, Physical Sciences, Chemical
Sciences, Engineering Sciences, Earth & Atmospheric Sciences
& Mathematical Sciences through two levels of support.
Since inception of the FIST scheme, during last 4 years more
than 750 departments spread over to 204 academic institutions
have been identified at a total support of about Rs 345 crores.
Financial support to the projects (221 nos.) identified in
the year 2000, have been completed and except few most of
the departments have completed the process of acquiring equipment,
renovation of the existing laboratories and setting up of
computer laboratories. The FIST 2000 supported departments
would be completing their tenure of five years by next year.
For the purpose of Review of the projects, all these projects
are broadly classified in three categories viz. Category 'A'
(support of more than Rs 50.0 lakh), Category 'B' (support
of in between Rs 25.0 lakh and Rs 50.0 lakh) and Category
'C' (support of less than Rs 25.0 lakh). While all 221 projects
identified and supported during the year 2000, were already
reviewed on the above guidelines, the similar exercise have
been used for reviewing 238 projects identified under FIST
2002 scheme. The review of projects under Category 'B' and
Category 'C' have been completed and graded depending upon
their performance. Review process for Category 'A' projects
(70 nos) are being under taken and is expected to complete
by December 2005/January 2006.
In the current year, the process of identification of departments
for support under FIST scheme has been completed and the support
to these freshly identified departments shall be made in the
current financial year.
Sophisticated Analytical Instrument
Sophisticated analytical instruments are vital for pursuing
research in many areas of modern science and technology. Many
institutions in the country do not have such instruments.
These instruments are expensive and cannot be provided through
individual project mechanism. The Department of Science &
Technology has set up Sophisticated Analytical Instrument
Facilities (SAIFs) in different parts of the country to provide
the facilities of sophisticated analytical instruments to
the research workers in general and specially from the institutions
which do not have access to such instruments through its Sophisticated
Analytical Instrument Facilities (SAIF) programme to enable
them to pursue R&D activities requiring such facilities
and keep pace with developments taking place globally. At
present thirteen Sophisticated Analytical Instrument Facilities
(SAIFs) are being supported by DST at IIT, Chennai; IIT, Mumbai;
Bose Institute, Kolkata; CDRI, Lucknow; Panjab University;
Chandigarh; NEHU, Shillong; Nagpur University; Nagpur; IISc.,
Bangalore; AIIMS, New Delhi, Gauhati University, Guwahati;
IIT, Roorkee, CVM, Vallabh Vidyanagar and Sophisticated Test
& Instrumentation Centre (STIC), Kochi.
Analytical Instrument Facilities Available
at the SAIFs
The SAIFs are equipped with sophisticated analytical instruments
such as Scanning Electron Microscopes, Transmission Electron
Microscopes, Electron Probe Micro Analyzer, Mass Spectrometers,
ICP, NMR, EPR Spectrometers, X-ray Diffractometers, Thermal
Analysis Systems etc. to meet the needs of users in various
areas of science & technology. Some of the major instruments
installed at the SAIFs during the year are: 400 MHz FT-NMR
Spectrometer at SAIF, Lucknow (Figure 4.1), Transmission Electron
Microscope at SAIF, Chandigrah (Figure 4.2), LC-Mass Spectrometer
at SAIF, Shillong (Figure 4.3), X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer
at the SAIF, Guwahati (Figure 4.4) and Thermal Analysis System
(DTA/TGA) at SAIF, Mumbai. The following instruments are further
being added to the existing SAIFs to strengthen them: Single
Crystal X-ray Diffractometer and GC-Mass Spectrometer at the
SAIF, Chennai, 400 MHz FT-NMR Spectrometer at the SAIF, Chandigarh
and FT-IR Spectrometer (range: 50-400cm-1) at the SAIF, Lucknow.
Accessories including Microwave sample preparation system
for SEM and Microwave digestion system for ICP-AES are also
being added to the existing instruments at the SAIFs at Chandigarh
and Vallabh Vidyanagar respectively to meet the needs of research
workers. The SAIFs over the years have acquired the capabilities
of repair and maintenance of instruments and majority of the
instruments with them are being maintained in-house.
|Figure 4.1 - 400 MHz FT-NMR Spectrometer
at the SAIF, Lucknow
||Figure 4.2 - Transmission Electron Microscope
at the SAIF, Chandigrah
|Figure 4.3 - LC-Mass Spectrometer at the
||Figure 4.4 - X-ray Fluorescence Spectrometer
at the SAIF, Guwahati
Services Provided/Other Activities Undertaken
- A wide range of sophisticated analytical instrument facilities/techniques
were provided by the SAIFs to the research workers. The
instrument facilities at the SAIFs met the analytical needs
of scientists in various areas of science & technology,
enabling them to pursue research in frontline areas.
- Facilities and assistance for sample preparation were
provided to the users. Testing of quality of raw material
and end-products was also done for industries/users.
- About 8,100 scientists/users from all over the country
utilized the facilities during the year including research
workers from almost all the universities in the country.
About 75% of the users were from academic sector.
- About 94,000 samples were analyzed at the Facilities
during the year.
- Consultancy services like solution to analytical problems
including development of analytical methods for specific
needs, sampling problems, spectrum analysis and interpretation
of results etc. were also offered by the SAIFs.
Short term courses/training programmes/workshops
Short term courses/training programmes/workshops were organized
by the SAIFs on use and application of various instruments
and analytical techniques to create awareness among the research
community about them and on maintenance/repair/operation of
the instruments for technicians. Some of the training programmes/workshops
organized during the year are as follows:
- Workshop on "Electron Microscopy" by SAIF,
- Training programmes on Electron Microscopy for research
workers/technical personnel by SAIF,New Delhi.
- International workshop on 'Recent trends in solid state
NMR in biological systems' by SAIF, Bangalore.
- A national school on "A new dimension to NMR: from
molecules to human behaviour" by SAIF, Bangalore.
- Workshop on 'NMR Spectroscopy' by SAIF, Shillong.
- Workshop on "Sample preparation for chemical/material
analysis" by SAIF, Kochi.
- Refresher course on Optical spectroscopy by SAIF, Chennai.
- Six research workers were trained in operation/maintenance
of various analytical instruments including Mass Spectrometer,
NMR Spectrometer, CHN Analyzer, IR & UV Spectrometers,
GLC & HPLC etc. at SAIF, Lucknow.
New measurement/analytical techniques developed/unique
Some of the new measurement/analytical techniques developed/unique
measurements done at the SAIFs are as follows:
- A novel methodology to simplify the analysis of spectra
of oriented molecules by heteronuclear MQT (with NMR spectroscopy)
has been developed at SAIF, Bangalore.
- A methodology for determination of 15N - 1H and 13C - 1H
dipolar coupling in the natural aboundance of rare spins using
inverse experiments (with NMR spectroscopy) has been developed
at SAIF, Bangalore.
- 2D - LGOR techniques sequence to determine chemical shifts
of individual proton with oriented phase (in NMR spectroscopy)
has been developed at SAIF, Bangalore.
- Heteronuclear correlation experiments (in NMR spectroscopy)
have been standardized for solids at SAIF, Bangalore. With
the help of these experiments, it is possible to get 1H shifts
- New two dimensional experiments for enantiomeric determination
of chiral solutes (in NMR spectroscopy) have been implemented
at SAIF, Bangalore.
- Estimation of U & Th in trace quantities with XRF has
been established at SAIF, Bangalore at SAIF, Guwahati.
- A new software (MENEXSYS) has been developed based on multivariate
analysis including metabolites identified from the 1H NMR
spectrum of CSF of children along with clinical parameters
for differential diagnosis of meningitis in children, at SAIF,
R&D work resulting from the use of
NMR driven solid phase syntheses of privilege molecules were
carried out using various two dimensional COSYDQF, TOCSY,
NOESY, ROESY, HSQC, HMBC, HSQMBC, DOSY and T2 -diffusion filtered
spectroscopy at SAIF, Lucknow.
Seminar/Symposia & Assistance
to Professional Bodies
The scheme for seminar/symposia and assistance to professional
bodies aims at providing platform for interaction among scientists.
The programme provides grant-in-aid for holding national/international
seminars/symposia, conferences, workshops, and for publishing
Many national and international conferences were supported
during the year 2005-2006 in different disciplines of science
and technology. Grant-in-aid was also provided for a few important
journals published by a number of Professional Bodies/Societies.