The Science and
Society Division plays a vital role in development of strategy for technology
development and its adaptation through programmes which provides opportunities
to motivated scientists, engineers and field-level activists to take up time-bound
research-oriented projects for the benefit of disadvantaged sections of society.
The programmes are being implemented through S&T institutions, universities
and S&T based voluntary organizations under various schemes viz. STARD, STAWS,
SYSP, SCP, TSP and S&T for Women. Science & Technology Application
for Rural Developnment (STARD)
This scheme is aimed at development
and adaptation of relevant and appropriate technologies in rural and remote areas
for empowering rural population and improving quality of life in rural areas including
higher income through action research. The efforts also entail demonstration of
replicable models for rural application.
Core support: As an ongoing
activity, core support was continued to eleven science based organizations to
nurture S & T personnel to take up challenges for evolving innovative S &
T based solutions. These groups spread in different geographical locations, are
working on location specific problems with proper interface and support from relevant
S & T institutions/laboratories. One new group Himalayan Research Group based
in Shimla, has been included in the list of voluntary organization supported for
Technology Informatics Design Endeavour, a core group based
in Bangalore, has developed a low capacity brick kiln for better quality products;
jaggery making pan with better fuel efficiency. Another group Tamulpur Anchalik
Gramdhan Sangh (TAGS) from Assam, was able to appropriate the mechanism of six
spindle frame used for cotton spinning for Eri silk yarn spinning (Figure 5.1),
thus benefiting the local spinners by not only increasing their income five times,
but also by reducing the drudgery involved in traditional spinning (dropping spindle).
This group is also involved for improvement, proper scaling and field-testing
of the carding machine of Eri silk for cottage level usage at Kumarikata, Assam
and Dimapur, Nagaland.
Figure 5.1: Use of fine filleted drum & Six Spindle Eri Spinning Charkha (frame)
appropriated by TAGS in collaboration with Khaki Gramodyog Prayog Samiti,
Ahmedabad, for quality Eri silk yarn spinning.
During the year, 22 individual projects were supported covering development, modulation
and transfer of appropriate technologies in farm as well as non-farm sectors.
Efforts have been made to involve S & T based field groups and S & T institutions
to implement need based projects to benefit and empower rural community in different
parts of the country. Some specific projects supported under this scheme are:
- Finalization of a briquetting technology package-emphasizing the large-scale
utilization of invasive biomass for energy needs of rural households.
Waste paper recycling technology for schools and communities development of a
safe and reliable system.
- Field demonstration and training of farmers
in the use of bio-pesticides for sustainable agriculture.
- System of Rice
Intensification (SRI) - standardization of a technology package as an alternative
approach for small and marginal farmers to have increased and sustainable rice
- Development and demonstration of multipurpose Solar PV
- Development of a replicable model of Papaya latex extraction
for value addition in Papaya cultivation.
- Development of storage forms
of bio-pesticides prepared by low cost eco-friendly methods: testing and standardization
through insect rearing laboratory and field trials.
- Bio-integration of
farming activities and resource management for small and marginal farmers in Ri
Bhoi District of Meghalaya.
- Upliftment of socio-economic condition of
poor and marginal farmers through popularization of scientific techniques for
producing the quality seeds from farmers saved seeds.
of On-going Projects
- A small capacity simple and cost effective rubber
sheet drier using the concept of reverse flow of hot air by natural convection,
has been developed jointly by Regional Research Laboratory & Mitraniketan
based in Trivandrum which would benefit small farmers involved in rubber plantation.
At IISc, Bangalore, a project "Environmentally safe use of arsenic and fluoride
bearing sludge" is being implemented for re-cycling methodologies suited
for Indian conditions based on immobilization of arsenic and fluoride bearing
sludge in various building construction materials, such as cement stabilized blocks/concrete
blocks that could be used in local construction activities.
8 bio-mart villages by Development Research Communication & Services Centre,
Kolkata in Medinipur East and Birbhum Districts of West Bengal for production
and distribution of efficient biological inputs such as bio-fertilizer with indigenous
inoculums produced with a network of trained small and marginal farmers for improved
farm productivity and income generation.
Development of Solar dryer
Technology based package on Integration of Solar Thermal & Photovoltaic Technologies
for safe, hygienic quality processing & dehydration of fruits & fruit
Products, leafy vegetables, medicinal & herbal products (Figure 5.2) by SEED,
- Micro watershed project implemented by Brajaraj Seva Samiti,
Nuapada, Orissa, in droughtprone belt has benefited 300 families in four villages
of Khairar block through small watershed technologies such as small moisture pit
model (5 % area of land) and gully plugging at the slope of the hillocks. This
has helped not only in retaining rainwater but also in containing siltation. Villagers
can now go for triple cropping pattern with wheat and onion after paddy.
Figure 5.2: Products made using solar dryer technology
- Sixty farmers
were trained in Bidhunu block of Kanpur Dist. Uttar Pradesh by Society for Integrated
Sustainable development on improved sustainable agri-technology package on use
of organic fertilizer, optimum crop geometry and balanced nutrient management
practices - showing improvement in soil texture and water holding capacity; 15-18%
increase in biomass productivity as well as enhanced crop yield with reduced incidence
of pest or diseases.
Technology Intervention in
Mountain Ecosystem (TIME)
Under this innovative programme, efforts have
been made to support specific projects in remote mountain areas to enhance rural
livelihoods with networking approach.
A Rural Technology Park has been set up in Cherrapunjee, Meghalaya for promoting
rural entrepreneurships amongst rural community in and around project areas.
Two carp hatcheries installed to ease the fish fry availability in the area of
strategic locations in Garhwal Himalayas with technical back up support from Central
Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Bhubaneshwar. 180 trained fish farmers are
now involved in fish breeding and cultivation under a network programme by making
use of hatcheries implemented at 8 locations in Uttaranchal.
improved agri-horticultural implements for bridging mechanization gaps in the
cultivation of paddy and other crops in 3 villages of Papum Pare district of Arunachal
Pradesh resulting in saving of labour, time and cost of operation, with better
grain recovery and market value.
- Established viable food processing units
in Haldwani, Kotabagh and Ramnagar Blocks of Nainital District of Uttaranchal
for value addition at source itself involving farming community.
- Technology intervention for organic vegetable seed production
in Bhilangana valley of Tehri Garhwal district.
- Standardization of drying
technology for Chilgoza grown in dry temperate area for the sustainable livelihood
of tribals of Himachal.
- Commercial Cultivation of Carnation, Marigold,
Lilium, Chrysanthemum and Narcissus in water deficient areas of Solan and Sirmour
districts of Himachal Pradesh.
- Project for modern bee keeping, training
and honey production in Bhimtal, Nainital, Uttaranchal.
Research Programme on Biological Integration Of Farming Activities & Resource
Management (BIOFARM) for Resource Poor Small Farmers.
The program is being
implemented at the farm level involving a total of 258 farmers with 17 organizations
in 15 states spread across different agro-ecological regions of the country to
develop biological resource integrated model farms and/or farm clusters for improving
nutritional and livelihood security of the small farmers. Research protocol and
monitoring parameters to study the feasibility of integrated farm models have
been standardized. Further, work is in progress to study the efficacy of the resource
integrated mixed farms for improvement in whole farm productivity at the system
level in respective locations. Science & Technology Application
For The Weaker Sections (STAWS)
The main aim of this programme is to
derive benefits from S&T experience and skills vis-à-vis needs of the
people, particularly weaker sections of the population in order to develop sustainable
replicative models. During the year, five new projects were sanctioned and five
projects were completed successfully under this scheme. A brief summary of the
few projects undertaken during the year is given below:-
Figure 5.3: Farmers engaged in discussion and making use of bio-resource inputs
for improved farm productivity under CP-BIOFARM.
a suitable briquetttor machine to manufacture the coir pith fuel cakes (pellets)
as an alternate fuel and demonstrating the effects to Munchirai Area People
this project, coir pith manufacturing briquetter machine was designed for simplicity
in operation and ease of fabrication and the cost involving women SHG members
in the entire process of the fabrication and installation.
of Agriculture through Science and Technology for small and Marginal farmers in
rural and urban villages of Berhampur, Ganjam, Orissa
This project includes
development of Technology package for profitable rice cultivation in Kharrif,
Medium, HYV rainfed/irrigated land under agro-climatic zone.
encourage environmentally sound and economically viable sustainable cotton cultivation
practices among small and marginal farmers in rain-fed regions of Nanjangud Taluk,
Mysore District, Karnataka State
The project involves encouraging the community
to diversify the cotton eco system with mixed cropping system, preparation of
botanicals and Panchagavya for seed treatment and field sprays. The successful
management of black-arm disease with panchagavya was one of the important highlights
of the S&T intervention.
Developing Emitter of Different
Shapes and Sizes for Irrigating Horticultural Crops Using Potable and Even Brackish
Water and Employing Them in the Fields of Small and Marginal Farmers
activities focus on specific technologies with relevant S&T intervention related
to establishment of emitter having various shapes (like gully, balloon, block,
glass etc) and size, which performs equally well in experiments as well as field
condition. Emitters can make use of even saline water to irrigate perennial crops.
In some selected condition (on sand bed or sand dunes) even seasonal crops can
be irrigated by saline water with the help of emitters. This system makes use
of natural forces like capillarity, osmotic potential, tensile strength, diffusion
pressure deficit & humidity in an integrated fashion by virtue of which the
moisture is delivered into the root zone as per the demand of the crop in each
and every season.
Coordinated programme on Non-Edible Oils (NEO) a generic
technology package evolved in prototype form during the implementation of one
of the R&D project has been initiated and is proposed to be adapted, tested
and optimized under diverse field conditions in different parts of the country
through system approach for gainful utilization of NEO bearing plants by weaker
sections of the society. The programme is being implemented involving selected
groups of science-based NGOs with possible linkages from S&T institutions
in selected locations viz.-Mandi (H.P.), Medinipur (W.B.), Chhindwara (M.P.),
Aizwal (Mizoram), Kharagpur (W.B.), Dehradun (Uttaranchal), and Kanyakumari (T.N.)
under the co-ordination of CTD, New Delhi.
Besides, salient activities under
this scheme included:-
Tribal Sub-Plan for the Development
of Tribal Population (TSP)
- A recent initiative on spreading scientific
literacy and awareness and educating scheduled tribes and backward communities
to understand their legal rights on bioresources has been taken up in Jharkhand.
85 water filters manufactured by a Membrane Filters (India) Pvt. Ltd, Pune were
installed in the rural locations as demonstration units for providing clean drinking
water free of virus and bacteria. The basic membrane development was done at NCL,
Pune a few years back under a DST supported project.
The Scheme "Tribal Sub Plan" aims
at improving living conditions of Scheduled tribes based on sustainable science
and technology activities. The focus is on creating sustainable livelihood base
through use of locally available resources and materials by introduction of technology
in traditional skills as well as new vocations. Financial support is provided
to S&T based institutions and creditable voluntary organization working in
tribal areas to implement time bound, field based innovative projects with S&T
A large number of inter-disciplinary projects of multi-sectoral
nature having innovative S&T components have been taken up in the areas of
farm & non-farm sectors, horticulture and processing techniques, sustainable
agricultural practices, health and sanitation, NTFP, medicinal plants, animal
husbandry etc. These projects have been implemented in different parts of the
country focusing on appropriate and cost effective technology modulation and transfer,
based on location specific needs/ conditions
The important achievements
of some ongoing projects are
- Dairy cattle improvement through scientific
breeding plan and artificial insemination
The project focuses on improvement
of breed of mountain cattle through a scientific breeding policy. The main thrust
is on maintaining the exotic blood level of the local animal breeds only between
50 - 62.5% resulting in higher yield without additional nutritional inputs. Capacity
building in area of livestock management, feed and supplements has been done to
over 100 beneficiaries. Since the project area is remote and mountainous, artificial
insemination in cows and buffalo with high quality semen is done at farmer's doorstep.
During the project, five cattle breeding centers have been established namely
Pulhindola, Banbasa, Amodi, Khetikhan and Lohaghat in the Champawat district.
- Introduction and testing of post harvest technologies for value addition
of organic wild products in trade
The aim of the project is to enhance
livelihood options for poor rural tribal women through introduction of post harvest
energy saving technologies in processing of local semi-wild fruit. The product
range includes value added products from wild apricot, walnut, peach nuts and
kernels. Training has been provided to the tribal women on good practices for
deshelling, sorting and grading apricot kernels. Use of decorticator, oil pressing
machine and solar drier has been optimized. Some of the products like apricot
oil have shown good promise in the market.
- Cost effective design
& development of a manually driven washer pump to lift water from open water
Under the project a prototype of a cost effective, light
& compact, easy to install, operate and maintain 'Washer Pump' to lift water
from a very large depth of water level (40-50 feet) of the open water source (Deep
wells) was developed in collaboration with the user group (Figure 5.4).
Figure 5.4: Light and compact washer pump developed
by SRI Ranchi to lift
the water from deep well
- Up-gradation of technological know-how
among tribal women for improvement of cocoon productivity and crop sustainability
The project aims at skill up-gradation among tribal
women through state-of-art technologies in sericulture to increase the yield,
in rural Bangalore, Kolar and Tumkur districts of Karnataka.
income generation for rural tribal people in honey, Nuapada district of Orissa.
A honey processing unit has been set up at Talakot village Sinhali Block, Nuapada
District (Figure 5.5). Rural tribals of the area are being trained in improved
method of honey collection, processing and packaging. A cooperative of beneficiaries
has been registered for equitable benefit sharing.
Figure 5.5: Training in improved method of honey collection,
packaging using honey processing unit at Nuapada (Orissa)
cum capacity building in technology areas such as improved agriculture, horticulture,
animal husbandry, upgradation of local looms is being provided to tribal women
in remote tribal villages in Joshimath District (Niti Valley) on the Indo-China
border. These villages had been cut off from the technological inputs due to their
- Appropriate skills & technologies for tribals of Raigad
The objectives of the project is to empower tribal women
through S&T to provide enhanced options for livelihood generation, clean safe
water and clean work environment. The work elements, which have been taken up,
are demonstration of organic farming, off-seasonal vegetable cultivation, aquaculture
and duck breeding for livelihood augmentation. The other activities include demonstration
and training in briquettes making, improvement of traditional chulhas, paddle-pump,
and solar drier. The objectives also include setting up a small processing unit
for medicinal plants, minor millets, foods and vegetables.
A low cost pedal/hand
powered rice de-husking mill is being developed to ensure good quality and nutritious
rice to the local people of the area. Special Component Plan for the Development
of Scheduled Caste Population (SCP)
Department of Science & Technology
has been implementing a scheme for Scheduled Castes (SCP) since 1992-93. This
scheme aims at improving the lot of the poor sections of SC community through
intervention of science & technology. The main objectives of the Scheme are
(i) to promote research, development and adaptation of technology for improving
the quality of life of the economically weaker sections of scheduled castes in
urban/rural areas, (ii) to encourage scientists & technologists to apply their
knowledge and expertise to the needs of economically weaker scheduled caste communities,
especially in rural areas, and (iii) to promote activities such as workshops,
seminars, publications, jathas, etc. which would help in achieving the objectives
Thirty five projects were sanctioned during the year in the
following areas: sericulture - from mulberry cultivation to silk weaving, alternative
vocation for income generation, small-scale (household level) scientific rearing
of small animals such as goat, poultry and pig, sustainable utilization of natural
resources and value addition, mechanized processing of bamboo furniture and product
applications, diversified cropping systems, agro- technology for improving the
land use, fisheries, cultivation of horticultural produce by using organic/bio-fertilizers,
value addition in banana fibers, etc.
A few projects which have made visible
impact on the well being of the poor scheduled caste population are:-
- In a project entitled, "Skill up-gradation for Silk Reelers in Karnataka
and other sericulture States of India" being implemented jointly by Karnataka
State Sericulture Research and Development Institute (KSSRDI), Bangalore and Asian
Institute for Development (AIRD), Bangalore, skill up-gradation and improvement
in training is imparted in manufacture of high quality raw silk, silk reeling,
etc. 20 persons have been trained in modern Sericulture technologies in each State.
another project training is imparted in hydra form brick manufacturing by utilizing
raw materials such as mud, fly- ash, gypsum, cement and industrial wastes (Figure
5.6). The unit produces no air/ water pollutants as it applies only simple mechanical
process of mixing, grinding and compressing.
Fly ash brick (Hydra form bricks)
technology provides wider scope for cost reduction in construction and protecting
environment by reducing industrial waste. The technology has tremendous advantages
to produce blocks in various shapes and sizes viz. paving blocks, reinforcement
blocks, conduit blocks and plain blocks by using simple customized tools.
Figure 5.6: Hydra form bricks manufacturing unit
- Under Functional
Capability Development, Special Component Plan for Scheduled Caste" (SCP)
has supported innovative income generation programmes in four states of the North
East. The main aim of the programme is to expose the younger generation to possibilities
of technology based production units. In these projects only those technologies
have been taken up which have acceptability and market. The following activities
were taken up:
- Manipur - Spinning and weaving of cotton,
silk and woolen textiles, Kauna Grass mat manufacturing and development and dissemination
of developed technology of Lion Looms and shuttle frame looms.
- Lion looms for weaving and also improved frame looms, Bamboo related and Bee
Keeping based income generation.
- Arunachal Pradesh - Lion looms,
improved frame looms, spinning of cotton and silk yarn.
- Improved technologies for Eri and Muga silk yarn. This programme is coordinated
by Tamalpur Anchalik Gramdan Sangh.
- Fishery development project
for the turned-off-fishermen in the fifty hamlets of Mulavukad and Vallarpadom
Islands in Kerala State has been taken up by an organization called FORD, Cochin.
Under this project 100 existing wells were cleaned in association with local gram
panchayat and SS Engineering College students. Technology for cage for fish and
pen culture ponds are also developed using local resources.
- Water harvesting
kit has been developed in consultation with SS Engineering College of Science
and Technology (Figure 5.7). The kit has a capacity to collect 35 to 40 thousand
litres of drinking water in a year that is sufficient to meet the drinking needs
of an average family for a year without any roof harvesting devices.
Figure 5.7: Water harvesting kit
Youth are being trained in repair and modification
of hand-driven pump developed by Centre for Water Resources Development and Management,
Kozhikode to suit the project area. In this project artificial reefs are also
built with locally available materials by adopting traditional methods. The other
important area of intervention is mangrove plantation. Seedlings are first grown
in bamboo sticks and then transplanted to marshy land. This method has a much
more survival rate of mangrove. S&T Entrepreneurship Development
National Science and Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB)
aims to foster entrepreneurship among S&T persons through its programmes and
activities. Major aim of the projects implemented by the Board is creation of
techno-entrepreneurs among the S&T persons through structured training programmes
and other facilitating mechanisms. The programmes aim to create additional employment
through technology-based entrepreneurship and application of S&T tools and
methods. During the year 2005-2006, the NSTEDB continued to pursue and strengthen
its existing activities/programmes, in addition to conceptualizing and initiating
a few new projects.
Entrepreneurship Awareness Camps
Entrepreneurship Awareness Camps are organized at science and engineering
colleges to create awareness amongst the students of the college towards entrepreneurship
as an alternate career. It also provides an opportunity to the students to interact
with various experts in industry and banking. During the year under report, over
350 EACs have been organized thereby exposing about 20,000 students to the concept
of entrepreneurship as an alternative vocation.
Development Programme (EDP)
The EDP is a training process in which persons
possessing certain identifiable qualities of entrepreneurship are counselled,
motivated and trained to strengthen their self confidence, seize a business opportunity,
initiate an enterprise and be the masters of their own i.e. to become 'entrepreneurs'
instead passively waiting for a suitable employment. EDP brings about a sound
combination of techniques of behavioral psychology, tools of management science
and available information on technology with a view to identify entrepreneurs,
particularly 'first generation' entrepreneurs, strengthen their achievement motivation
(n-Ach) and train them in enterprise management so that they can confidently start
and successfully run their own business ventures. Further, an EDP also ensures
that on completion of the training, the potential entrepreneurs are helped in
making loan application, securing available incentives, seeking approvals, choice
of location, etc. During 2004-2005, 40 EDPs were organized with the support of
Technology Based Entrepreneurship Development
Technology Based Entrepreneurship Development Programme
(TEDP) focusses on training on specific products/technologies/processes, which
have commercial viability and have been developed by R&D labs or other academic
institutions. Besides the hands on training, the potential entrepreneurs are given
entrepreneurial, motivational and managerial inputs. The duration of this programme
is 6-8 weeks depending upon the nature of technology and training needed. This
programme provides stateof- the-art inputs to the entrepreneurs about the technology
to be employed and they can also develop their skills in application of the technology.
The EDP conducting organisation can concentrate in a specific discipline of technology
and thus can have a more effective control over the programme. The R&D institutions
having commercially viable technologies get potential entrepreneurs as its takers
and thus ideas/technologies get converted into wealth generating products and
services. During 2005-2006, 70 TEDPs were organised with the support from NSTEDB.
Some of the technology areas chosen for transfer to the potential entrepreneurs
include CAD/CAM technology, Advanced Welding Technology, Electronics Instrumentation,
Bio-Technology, Computer Hardware and Peripherals repair & maintenance, Rubber
Plantations, plastics engineering & Technology etc.
Development Programme (FDP)
Faculty Development Programme (FDPs) were designed
to train and develop professionals in entrepreneurship development so that they
can further guide and motivate young S&T persons to take up entrepreneurship
as a career. FDP has duration of 2 weeks and the programme inputs include process
and practice of entrepreneurship development, personal and interpersonal skills,
creativity, problem solving, achievement motivation training, resource and knowledge
based inputs. The professionals trained under FDPs are teachers of science/engineering
colleges and polytechnics, and faculty from entrepreneurship development organisations.
A FDP trains 15-20 participants. During 2005-06, about 40 FDPs were organized
with the support of NSTEDB.
Skill Development Training
through Science and Technology (STST)
Enhancing skills and knowledge is
the key for generating productive employment. Skill Development Training through
S&T (STST) scheme aims at demonstrating the effectiveness of short term market
oriented technical skill training in empowering unemployed youth to earn a sustainable
livelihood. The programme is implemented through a network of agencies comprising
of educational or research institutions, professional bodies or reported NGOs.
More than 7000 persons are trained during the year 2005-06 in various skill areas
at different locations in the country by over 70 organisations.
Project: Skills and Knowledge for Improved Livelihoods and Living Standards (SKILLS)
Science & Technology Entrepreneurship Development Board (NSTEDB) is executing
SKILLS project supported by UNDP. The key elements in the project strategy are
to harness the power of ICT for mass outreach of capacity building efforts at
a low cost and draw on Public Private Partnership (PPP) modality so that an extensive
network of institutions is established to provide onthe- ground support for the
skill building initiatives.
A business model including infrastructure requirements
has been drawn up for conducting Modern Appliances Maintenance programmes viz.
Electronics Servicing/Maintenance; and Refrigeration/Airconditioning under PPP
mode. Two centres under Public Private Partnership named as SKILLS Academy have
been launched in October 2005 at Chennai. Each centre is expected to train about
1000 candidates in year.
A basic framework of the e-portal has been designed.
An interaction workshop with selected NGOs was organised to have their views on
the e-portal format. Preliminary technical requirement analysis has been completed.
The e-portal is expected to be launched formally during the current financial
Science and Technology Entrepreneurship
Development (STED) Project
STED Project aims to bring about a socio-economic
development of an area through the intervention of Science & Technology. The
project envisages matching of the material and the human resources of the district
to create new enterprises and employment by usage of Sciences & Technology
processes. It involves identification of opportunities through a detailed scientific
survey and exploitation of the opportunities thus identified by the entrepreneurs.
During the year 2005-06, support was provided to 35 STED Projects all over the
country. 10 new projects were established at Belgaum (Karnataka), Bharuch (Gujarat),
Dungarpur & Sikar (Rajasthan), Firozabad (U.P.), Moregaon (Assam), Sandeshkhali
(West Bengal), Sehore (M.P.), Udhamsingh Nagar (Uttaranchal) and Una (Himachal
Science & Technology Entrepreneurs Park
STEP is an ongoing scheme promoted by NSTEDB to provide re-orientation
in approach to innovation and entrepreneurship involving education, training,
research, finance, management, etc. It creates a conducive climate for innovation,
for sharing ideas, experience and facilities and opens up avenues for students,
teachers, researchers and industrial managers for starting a successful economic
venture. Each STEP operates in the identified thrust area based on the expertise,
facilities of the institution and the industrial milieu of the region. So 17 STEPs
in different parts of the country have been supported which have catalysed setting
up of about 100 industrial technology intensive ventures generating annual turnover
of over Rs 125 crores. 2 new STEPs have been promoted during the year 2005-06.
Business Incubators (TBI)
In the knowledge economy, mechanisms such as Technology
Business Incubators (TBIs) have assumed greater significance and relevance as
they nurtures and support knowledge driven start-ups into successful enterprises,
in additional to catering to the technological needs of the SME sector of the
industry. TBIs, initiated by the Department in the year 2000-2001, are being given
major thrust in the Tenth five year Plan and 14 TBIs have been established. Three
new TBIs are being established during the year 2005-06.
Development Cell (EDC)
EDCs have been promoted by NSTEDB in educational
institutions to create entrepreneurial culture in the Parent Institution and other
institutions in the region and to act as an institutional mechanism for providing
information and assistance to budding S&T entrepreneurs. About 35 EDCs are
Technology Innovation Management
Entrepreneurship and Information Service (TIME IS)
The website www.techno-preneur.net,
was revamped during the year with regular data updation and site enrichment through
infusion of information on technologies from various sources. As a part of site
enrichment, consultancy services have been enabled to provide the site users to
get their queries satisfied. New technology profiles were added and a quiz to
check entrepreneurial skill level was also added. The Science-Tech Entrepreneur
magazine is now being offered to the public as e-Zine on this website.
After establishing active linkages, joint programmes have been
taken up with infoDev Programme of the World Bank, European Union, UNDP, UNIDO,
Indo-US S&T Forum and other international organisations. Science Communication & Poularisation
There has been an increasing understanding that S&T communication can pave
the way to overall progress and prosperity of the nation. Thus role of the science
communicator becomes critical to build and maintain bridges between science and
the masses, while devising ways & means for taking science to the people through
development, adaptation, promotion and use of different communication methodologies
to achieve better public understanding of science and stimulating scientific and
technological temper in them. The National Council S&T communication (NCSTC)
has been at the forefront of creating strong bondages between science and the
people through well-orchestrated initiatives which have shown significant progress
and accomplishments over the period.
Highlights of Activities
of Physics 2005
The International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP)
declared the year 2005 as the
International Year of Physics in recognition
of Einstein's monumental contributions to physics in the year 1905 in which he
published three important papers describing ideas that have influenced all the
modern physics, viz. Special Theory of Relativity, Photoelectric Effect and Brownian
Motion. RVPSP planned a variety of programmes during the year for appreciating
Physics in everyday life. The activities were at four levels viz., (a) science
communicators/resource persons, (b) senior school students, (c) college students,
and (d) general public. Five zonal level training programmes were organized and
over 200 lectures, science teachers and science activists were trained. Resource
material prepared and developed by Vigyan Prasar, NOIDA, UP, including compilation
of articles on life and contribution of eminent scientists, power point presentations,
astronomy kit, booklets on Einstein and relativity, etc. were distributed during
Competitions for school children and college students viz.
essays, quiz, poster designing, paper presentations were organized in all the
states. Lectures/demonstrations on appreciating Physics for common people were
organized by State S&T Councils/Departments. NCSTC-Network- a group of 65
science based agencies, organized science exhibitions demonstrations by college
students of interesting experiments in schools, printing of booklets on Physics
in day-to-day life, 50 low cost teaching/learning camps, family science events
etc. Science festivals were organized by different universities on the contributions
of Einstein during this year. A 32 part serial of half hour each "Rahi Ye
Matwale" in collaboration with All India Radio (A.I.R.) was aired from 35
stations. To dramatise the contributions of Physicists in the last century, a
13 part TV serial "Zara Si Baat" for housewives was also telecast on
DD-I during the year.
Vigyan Mail, an
attractive science exhibition on wheels was flagged on 26 April 2005 by MOS (S&T
and OD) from Delhi and covered 26 destinations in about 75 days. About 20 scientific
ministries, departments and agencies participated in this exhibition on India's
capabilities & achievements in various scientific fields which attracted over
15 lakh people, mostly school students (Figure 5.8). Indian Railways provided
a special rake and the exhibition was spread in 12 specially fitted coaches. For
the first time corporate sponsorship has been extended to a science communication
programme which included inter-school painting competition in each city prior
to the arrival of the exhibition and other activities to create anticipation for
Water Resources & Eco-Systems Management
of the six thrust areas identified during the Year of Scientific Awareness for
specific interventions was the need for 'water literacy' and hence a series of
projects and activities have been launched during the year under an eco-water
resources management programme. This also has synergy with the efforts being made
under the International Decade for Action by the United Nations with the theme
"Water for Life". The focus is on efforts to build a eco-water-literate
society that values water. Scarcity, pollution and mismanagement of water resources
are being addressed by means of a national movement with specific local actions.
Twenty time bound projects have been supported to address identified needs and
catalyse a range of activities towards this objective including research, field
projects of communications methodologies, training of communicators, development
of software, recognizing excellence, etc.
Year of Scientific
Year 2004 was designated as the Year of Scientific Awareness (YSA)
and several programmes were launched to spread scientific awareness and scientific
thinking throughout the country. Numerous activities were organized in 569 districts
including 6,032 Jatha performances held in 373 districts of 28 states which were
attended by 27.9 lakh people. Over 108 publications consisting of books, booklets,
folders, leaflets and posters were brought out in Hindi and English at the national
level and 859 publications at the state level were developed, modified/adapted
and reprinted and distributed widely across the country. Many competitions like
essay writing, debates, quizzes, science talent tests, slogan writing, etc. for
school children of 15,128 schools were also held.
Figure 5.8 : Vigyan Mail - A Science & Technology Exhibition on Wheels
Children's Science Congress (CSC)
During the period, district level CSC
was held in 580 places while State level at 32 locations culminating in the 13th
National Children's Science Congress at Bhubaneswar during 27-31 December 2005.
About 10 lakhs child scientists participated in CSC across the country. Dr. APJ
Abdul Kalam, Hon'ble President of India, felicitated young scientists and interacted
with them during the inaugural function. He urged them to dream and give shape
to their ideas.
Promoting Innovations: Steer the Big
The participation of Indian Young Inventors in the exhibition was facilitated
by a joint initiative of the RVPSP and Confederation of Indian Industries (CII)
called 'Steer the Big Idea', with objectives to: i) promote and nurture inventions
and innovations among students/youths; ii) encourage students/ youth to embody
their inventions in physical forms; iii) recognize and reward outstanding works
(inventions) created; and iv) institutionalize the invention promotion initiative
in the country. Entries from National Children's Science Congress, Jawaharlal
Nehru National Science Exhibition, INTEL Science & Engineering Fair and CSIR
Young Leadership Scheme were screened. A panel of judges selected four projects
for participation in the exhibition held at Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia in May 2005.
The project of Ms. Vindhya Revati Vijayanthi from Secunderabad was decorated by
Japan Institute of Invention and Innovation, Tokyo, at the international exhibition
where over thirty nations had put up over 300 entries. Shri Kapil Sibal, Hon'ble
MOS (S&T and OD) Independent Charge, felicitated these young innovators on
their return from Malaysia.
National Science Communication
The 5th National Science Communication Congress (NSCC) was organized
during 12-16 December 2005 at Varanasi. The theme for NSCC-2005 was 'Science Communication
Strategies for a Developed India: Vision 2020'. The participants included scientists,
journalists, science communicators, teachers and students of science communication
and mass communication courses. The deliberations were divided into 5 technical
sessions. A special workshop for encouraging interaction between young researchers
and science communication experts was also held. Over 200 delegates participated
in the Congress and presented their papers. An exhibition of science periodicals
in Indian languages was also arranged at the venue.
National Teacher's Science Conference (NTSC)
3rd National Teacher's Science
Conference (NTSC) was organized during 27-31 January 2006 at Regional Institute
of Education, Mysore. Over 300 teachers from institutions located across the length
& breadth of the country presented papers and posters on the theme 'Innovative
Methods in Teaching Physical Sciences'. The Conference also had plenary sessions
on national curriculum for school science.
Innovations in Science Communication
A national seminar on 'Innovations
in Science Communication' was catalysed by RVPSP in Chitrakoot during 18-21 November
2005. The seminar was divided into 5 sub themes related to innovations in i) print
media; ii) electronic media; iii) web media; iv) traditional & folk media
and v) interactive media. The seminar attracted active participation by science
communicators, science writers, journalists, editors, researchers, faculty members
of academic institutes offering courses in journalism, media houses and voluntary
Training of Science Communicators
shortage of skilled science communicators is a limitation faced by various agencies.
A multipronged effort has been developed by the Parishad including:
enhancement training of promising science writers (One week)
science using folk media (One week)
o Use of mass media for science popularization
o Post Graduate courses in universities in mass communication
and science journalism (18 to 24 months) as regular courses in Lucknow and Indore.
RVPSP is also supporting a distance education course by ISCOS, Lucknow.
the year over 20 training programmes were also organized to develop potential
science writers in various regional languages to encourage science coverage in
Skill Building Programmes
organized for science teachers and activists of science based voluntary organizations,
included the following modules:
o Develop and use low cost science teaching/learning
o Learn to demonstrate science behind so-called miracles;
Use origami for teaching concepts in middle school Maths;
o Fun with high
school physics through aeromodelling;
o Demonstrate principles of flight-use
multi stage rockets;
o Detect food adulterants through high school level
o Popularizing construction and maintenance skills for high
Many more modules are being designed based on assessment
of the needs of school science teachers and the use of the skills being imparted.
National Science Day: 2005
Science Day 2005 was celebrated by most States and Union Territories, including
scientific departments, agencies and laboratories throughout the country. "Open
day" lectures by eminent scientists, seminars, quizzes and competitions,
etc., formed part of the celebrations.
scientists are encouraged to spend quality time with brilliant students of Class
XI. This week-long interaction is to motivate the students and develop strong
bonds with the scientist. This programme is aimed to attract, encourage and create
interest among bright students towards careers in S&T. The students closely
interact with the scientist in an informal and unstructured mode at a national
laboratory or a leading university. During the year, Regional Research Laboratory,
Jorhat, conducted a programme for about 40 students, mostly from government schools
located in backward areas of Assam which was piloted by Dr. B.C. Goswami, a well
known senior scientist. In addition, 6 such programmes were organized in various
parts of the country. Further, visit of talented children to S&T establishment
was organised at Jhansi, and Tiruvarur.
activity involves training volunteers in skills useful during natural disasters
or calamities like accidents, fire, floods, cyclones, earthquakes, etc. The module
includes safe construction from engineering aspects, techniques of giving first
aid to disaster victims, reviving victims of drowning, handling of fires, development
of search and rescue skills, skills for team formation under stress, psychological
support to disaster victims and other related topics. Practical demonstrations
and exercises follow theory sessions. During the year, state level awareness programme
for Himachal Pradesh was held in Shimla followed by zonal and local level training
camps for volunteers at 5 and 13 locations respectively. State level workshop
was also held at Chandigarh by Punjab State Council for Science & Technology.
Another State level programme was organized in Orissa.
of Food Adulteration
Under this programme, school teachers and activists
of science based voluntary organizations are trained on various aspects of quality
consciousness of food and other consumables, adulterants, toxicity, detection
of adulteration through simple chemical tests, laws pertaining to adulteration
of food and spices, health hazards, etc. During the year, training programme for
the state of Uttranchal was held at Dehradun besides 5 programmes at others locations.
of Students to Applications of S&T
Concepts and principles of high school
science find various applications in industry. These serve to trigger curiosity
amongst brilliant students. Students from class X to XII and ITI & Polytechnics
are taken to various industries/ establishments in their neighbourhoods to observe
the applications of concepts of measurement, magnetism, electricity, etc., in
the process of the selected units. About 10 such programmes were organized during
the year benefiting over 500 students.
Mela & People's Education Congress
The Parishad participated in the
Perfect Health Mela organised by Heart Care Foundation of India in last week of
October 2005 in New Delhi. The Parishad put up its activity corners that attracted
thousands of visitors besides an exhibition of its various schemes and programmes.
First People's Education Congress was organized at Allahabad during 15-17 September
2005 covering a wide gamut of issues related to S&T communication.
The basic objective of this programme is to make people
aware of these tricks and save them from cheating and misbeliefs. During the workshops
the participants are trained in demonstrations of so called miracles followed
by their explanations including over 100 tricks, generally shown by self styled
Root & Shoot
Root & Shoot, an action oriented field-based programme
has been developed for school and local science clubs. Under the programme, saplings
are planted and nurtured for a minimum period of three years and students maintain
the life history of their respective plant/ tree and perform activities like conservation
of soil, rational use of water, insect, bird and animal life supported by each
tree, growth phases including measuring height, diameter, etc. using trigonometry.
that would give them an understanding of various components of environment and
their relationship with each other. This year about 40 schools each from 4 districts
of Punjab participated in the projects.
Fun with Plants
in Soil-less Condition
The programme is an activity based module on hydroponics
with the objective to improve knowledge through the skills of observation, hands-on-experiments,
data collection, report writing and other important elements of the 'method of
science'. The contents of the workshop include information on different techniques
of hydroponics and enabling participants in preparing their own information base
and developing new experiments by group discussion. During the year under report,
activities were organized in Tamil Nadu, Punjab and Karnataka and about 40 children
participated in each programme.
Nature Science Activity
The basic purpose of this training is to orient resource persons in
organization of nature science activities for middle school students so as to
enhance the curiosity among them about various natural phenomena taking place
around them and understand the dynamics of nature. Sample collection, morphological
sorting & display, observation of aquatic life, open-ended experiments involving
local communities and other interesting activities were introduced. 70-80 participants
each benefited from the Camps organized at various locations in Madhya Pradesh,
Punjab, Manipur and Uttranchal during the year. Camps were also organized by the
trained resource persons for students in these states.
Programme on Vermi-composting
A training module on open-ended experiments
around vermi-composting for school science teachers and coordinators of science
clubs has been developed with the help of various experts including educationists,
illustrators, etc. The technology package on vermi culturing/vermi-composting
was introduced with a wide range of activities using posters, slide sets, transparencies,
etc. This year awareness programmes were organized at Manipur, Nagaland, Rajasthan,
Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra and Orissa in which over 200 resource persons participated.
The activities are being taken up by school science and eco-clubs for their members
by the trained resource persons.
Module on Social Insects was developed for introducing the spirit of scientific
enquiry among children. Highly evolved social insects are taken in this module
that would create an interest in children about architecture and building of the
habitat by these insects, communication among inmates, division of labour, defence
mechanism, reproduction forming new colonies, etc. The module encompasses training
of resource persons who volunteer to disseminate information to children. Field
testing of the module was done in two different locations in the year. The full
package includes a manual, activity guide, posters, demo kits and CD-ROM.
Support continued to Eklavya, Bhopal for Srote, a
science and technology news and feature service started in 1988 with a view to
enhance the quantity and quality of S&T coverage in Hindi newspapers, stations
of radio, TV and periodicals. This also aimed at making available reference materials
for teachers, students and others engaged in S&T communication. The monthly
compilation of popular articles in a magazine format is also gaining popularity.
Srote is also available on the internet at www.srote.com
A four colour, attractive NCSTC Communications, a bilingual (Hindi
and English) monthly newsletter is being brought out and is being circulated to
over 11,500 subscribers. These include academic institutions, research laboratories,
members of parliament, science based organizations/institutions and individual
science communicators across the country connecting all of them through various
columns of the newsletter.
Indian Journal of Science Communication
supported publication of a half yearly international research journal on science
communication titled "Indian Journal of Science Communication", in association
with Indian Science Communication Society (ISCOS), Lucknow. The objective of the
journal is to provide a forum for researchers and practitioners of science communication
for exchanging their research findings and views on various aspects of science
and technology communication. First of its kind in this sub continent, the 'Indian
Journal of Science Communication' is receiving subscription requests from different
organizations and individual science communicators across the world. Back issues
of the journal are now accessible at www.iscos.org
Science Periodicals in Indian Languages
Support for publication continued
to popular science magazines including Nirantar Soch (Punjabi), Vaigyanik Drishtikon
(Hindi), Arivukkan (Tamil) and Vigyan Aapke Liye (Hindi). Looking into the need
of good magazines and increase in demand for such magazines, the support may continue
from 3- 5 years on case to case basis. Vaigyanik Drishtikon has been supported
as a fortnightly science newspaper in Hindi. The GRD Trust, Coimbatore was supported
for bringing out a popular science monthly in English Wide Spectrum. The magazine
reproduces articles of lasting value from newspapers and also carries a wide range
of popular science articles, features and columns.
Calendars 2005 and 2006
The Parishad brought out a 12 page wall calendar
of the year 2005 depicting various medicinal and aromatic plants in association
with Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow. A year planner
for 2006 has been brought out in association with Vikram Sarabhai Science Application
Centre, Ahmedabad and distributed to 12,000 activists and interested organizations.
Fortnightly popular science wallpaper
titled Kyon Aur Kaise has been catalysed by RVPSP through Eklavya, Bhopal. This
wallpaper, available in Hindi and English, plays a catalytic role in stimulating
interest on issues of S&T amongst high school students. First of its kind
in the country, this four colour two broadsheet size publication has already received
over 1000 subscriptions.
Serial on Bio-Diversity
The Parishad in collaboration with All India Radio,
Delhi, produced a radio serial in Hindi on "Environment & Bio-diversity"
- "Jeevan Ek-Roop Anek". Spread over 33 episodes, the serial had 26
scripted and 7 interactive programmes, based on feedback from listeners. This
was carried by over 30 stations of A.I.R. in Hindi speaking region. Registered
listeners were provided with additional information in the form of posters and
activity kits for hands-on activities and better understanding of the subject.
The A.I.R. has decided to broadcast some of the episodes again.
A 13-part TV film based on selected projects of National Children's
Science Congress was produced with an objective to recognize the work of young
scientists and popularize the CSC, improve its quality and enhance spread of message.
The 13 episodes series titled 'Ignited Minds' is being telecast on Doordarshan
to enthuse children about brilliant scientific ideas.
A 365 episode radio magazine titled 'Science for Women' in Tamil
is being produced by Audio Visual Research Centre, Anna University, Chennai. This
highly interactive programme is being broadcast over the community radio from
the university. Each episode of 30 minutes is produced by the students and faculty
of the Department of Women Studies of the University.
Training workshops on popular science
writing/ journalism/ illustrations were organized in regional languages in order
to encourage science coverage in print and electronic media in various parts of
the country. Budding science writers/journalists, scientists and teachers participated
in each workshop. They learnt various techniques of presenting scientific contents
in a simple and interesting manner to the masses using various media.
Courses in Science Communication
Long term academic courses/ programmes
in S&T Communication/ Journalism at Devi Ahilya Vishwa Vidyalaya, Indore,
Lucknow University, Lucknow were continued. Many students completed the course
this year. Lucknow University has recently started research programme in this
faculty leading to Ph.D. in science communication. The Indian Science Communication
Society (ISCOS), Lucknow continued a one-year training course in science journalism
through distance education, which has been catalyzed and supported by RVPSP. A
number of students from overseas are joining the course. VBS Purvanchal University,
Jaunpur continued running a special paper on science journalism as part of a postgraduate
course in mass communication. Efforts were made to introduce such papers at selected
universities, which already have Journalism & Mass Communication Courses.
Course for effective use of Media in S&T Communication
of programme is to provide training and orientation to the teachers, students
and media persons for developing media worthy scripts and programmes for enhancing
public awareness of science and technology. The programme is organized under the
Parishad's scheme of medium term training programmes in science communication.
Awards for S&T Communication
The Parishad had instituted awards to stimulate,
encourage and recognize outstanding efforts in the area of science and technology
communication in 1987. The number of NCSTC awards have been increased to six recently
and two new awards for popularizing science through mass media have been introduced.
In addition, there is a proposal to institute some Chairs in academic institutions
besides a few fellowships on S&T communication. Associateships for 20 young
science communicators were supported and 20 more Associates will be selected and
taken steps to identify avenues for international collaboration in science communication
to have bilateral and multilateral cooperation with other countries on S&T
communication. The Parishad was represented at several international events over
the period and some initiatives were taken.
Dr. Jean Audouze, UNESCO-Kalinga Prize Awardee for the year 2004,
was presented with the Award during Sept. 2005 at Delhi. He was also conferred
the Kalinga Chair for Science Popularisation and for three weeks, Dr. Audoze visited
different places within the country including Jaipur, Hyderabad, Delhi, Pune,
Goa to interact with the scientific community, science communicators and university
students. Dr. Parvez Hoodbuoy, UNESCO Kalinga Prize Awardee for 2003 was also
presented with the Award during May 2005 at Delhi. State Science And Technology Programme
State Science & Technology Programme (SSTP) formerly known
as Scheme for "Assistance for development of State Councils for Science &
Technology" is the only scheme of the Central Government focussed on the
specific objective of promotion of Science & Technology at State level. The
scheme, formulated at the instance of Planning Commission, is being implemented
by Department of Science & Technology (DST), Government of India since sixth
five year plan i.e. 1980-81. The core and programme support of DST played an important
catalytic role and has encouraged and facilitated State Science & Technology
Councils to act as nodal organization for planning, formulating, evaluating and
implementing Science & Technology activities at State level. The core support
provided by the department has enabled State S & T Councils to equip themselves
with requisite S & T manpower and office infrastructure which has contributed
to their effective functioning. The programmatic support, on the other hand, aims
to demonstrate, through carefully chosen projects, the contributions science &
technology interventions can make in development process of the State.
a result of catalytic role played by DST in close cooperation with the Planning
Commission and States/Union Territories (UTs), State S&T structures have been
set-up in all the States. The most significant areas promoted by State S&T
Councils are in the areas of Popularization of Science, S&T Entrepreneurship
Development, S&T for Weaker Sections and Women, Programmes for Young Scientists,
Biotechnology Programmes, Application of Remote Sensing Technology, Environment
Programmes, Non-Conventional Energy Programmes and sponsored location specific
need based R&D Projects.
Support to State specific S&T Studies and
surveys, location specific R&D, training etc were also continued. During the
year, two meetings of the constituted Project Evaluation Group were held in which
32 proposals were considered out of which 10 projects were recommended. DST also
organized two Group Monitoring Meetings to monitor various ongoing projects as
well as to assess the results of completed projects in which 45 projects were
monitored. In order to give focused attention to identification and demonstration
of S&T projects including field trials, a special mechanism in the form of
Core Group on State S&T Demonstration projects was constituted. The mandate
of this Core Group was to facilitate identification of technologies developed
in the S&T institutions and to facilitate their field trials and demonstration
at a sizeable scale so that benefit of intervention are quite visible in various
Status. This group, in its first meeting considered 15 projects in diverse areas
of Socio-economic importance. The group recommended demonstration of specific
indigenous technologies in the fields of bio-fuel, plasma pyrolysis and water
purification at appropriate locations.
Some of the important achievements
during the year under various activity heads of the programme are enumerated below:
Support to State S&T Councils
- Core support was continued to the
State S&T Councils of 26 states. The support was oriented to S&T manpower
to strengthen S&T capabilities of the State S&T Councils to undertake
programmes in newer and emerging areas.
- Professional S&T secretariat
was set up in Uttaranchal State S&T Council with core support from DST.
- DST launched a special initiative on "S&T interventions
for drinking water related problems". A holistic approach to the problem
is being evolved including all components namely, technology, awareness, management,
etc. involving various stake holders to ensure sustainability of the solution.
An All India Meeting has been held on this issue.
- Coordinated programme
on "Identification of strategy for mapping of S&T needs in a state",
continued to cover the entire country. Support was extended to two new states.
Demonstration Projects including Replication
of Success Models
- Based on novel technology developed by Institute
of Plasma Research, Demonstration Plasma Pyrolysis plants were set up in Himachal
Pradesh & Sikkim to treat plastic and hospital waste in environment friendly
manner. New projects initiated at Tripura, Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh &
- Development & Demonstration of rainwater harvesting model
to solve water scarcity problem in a village of Rajasthan was completed.
Project on Iron Removal Plant based on ceramic membrane continued in NE states
and one plant installed at Tripura (Figure 5.9).
Figure 5.9 : Iron Removal Plant based on ceramic membrane
- Pilot project
on decentralized renewable energy development in tribal areas of Rajasthan continued
at Udaipur, Rajasthan
- Project initiated on production and utilization
of bio-diesel from non-edible oil seeds and its application in agriculture through
farmer's participation in the state of Orissa
- Project on demonstration
units of Hand Pump attachable defluoridation plants developed by Rajasthan State
S&T Council (Figure 5.10) initiated in the fluorosis endemic states of Andhra
Pradesh, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh.
Figure 5.10: Hand Pump attachable defluoridation plants
managed Reverse Osmosis Pilot Plant for treatment of brackish/saline/hard water
to provide safe drinking water initiated in Rajasthan based on technology developed
by (SMCRI, Bhavnagar) (Figure 5.11).
Figure 5.11: Community managed Reverse Osmosis Pilot Plant
Studies and Surveys
- Studies were initiated on impact of environmental
pollution on the eye; prevalence, therapeutic options and outcome measures of
amblyopia (lazy eye); physico-chemical properties of Muga silk fibre produced
in the north eastern region; investigation and characterization of solid waste
disposal sites and its impact on soil and water for the state of Karnataka; development
of consortium of biocontrol agents and mycorrhizae for potting mixture to manage
nursery diseases of some commercial tree species in Karnataka; influence of eco-technological
factors on nutritional practices and health disorders among tribals of Visakha
agency area Andhra Pradesh; integrated technology utilisation for Rahata block,
Ahmed Nagar, Maharashtra,
- Studies were completed on estimation of radon
and its progeny using solid state nuclear track detectors in and around oil and
coal deposits of Upper Assam; herbal folk medicines of Shekhawati Region of Rajasthan;
development of efficient rice shelling technologies; traditional ethno-medicinal
plants in the Indian Thar; leaching characteristics of fly ash of identified thermal
power stations and its effect on soil and ground water contamination in Uttaranchal.
Location Specific R&D and Technology Development
- New projects were initiated on performance evaluation of rainwater harvesting
and salinity prevention structures in Gujarat; field trial of leaf and flower
extract of Moringa oleifera (Sajjina or drumstick ) for their insecticidal and
repellant activity against Anopheline mosquito fauna in and around Udaipur; Clinical
and laboratory evaluation of some essential oils against fungi causing superficial
mycoses and onychomycosis in rural areas of Jaipur; assessment of certain edible
wild leafy vegetable plants of Tripura with special reference to their nutritional
constituents and medicinal value; collection, cataloguing, conservation and sustainable
commercial exploitation of indigenous orchids of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Projects on "Management of root rot diseases of Castor in Gujarat, Design
and development of prototype Machine (Fibre Extractor) for waste area nut shell
in Assam" and Management of Congress Grass through vermi-culture Bio-Technology"
in Punjab are nearing completion.
- Two regional meetings were held for southern and northern
region at Bangalore and Jammu respectively. These meetings resulted in specific
recommendation on approach for project formulation, area for coordinating S&T
project and enhancing effectiveness of S&T secretariats supported by DST.
An All India Meeting was held on the topic of "S&T interventions in addressing
problems of contamination of drinking water and water scarcity" at Hyderabad.
The participants in the meeting included Heads of State S&T Departments and
Councils, scientists from Central S&T agencies including DST, representatives
of development departments and experts on the theme etc. The objective of the
meeting was to launch a nationwide programme involving demonstration of indigenous
technologies so that the problem of contaminated drinking water could be approached
scientifically. It also involved generation of specific demonstration projects
from State S&T Councils and Departments related to addressing problems of
contamination of drinking water and water scarcity.
- Documentation effort
on developmental projects being implemented by State Councils has been initiated.
An agreement has been signed and three producers have been assigned the task of
shooting 60 minutes film on achievements of State S&T Councils
Utilization of Scientific Expertise
of Retired Scientists (USERS)
- Workshops were organized on recent advances in Tasar culture in Telangana
region of Andhra Pradesh, Science and Technology for the development of Uttaranchal,
Tsunami's mitigation for Tamilnadu coast etc.
- Workshop were organized
in collaboration with CGCRI, Kolkata on 'Membranes and Membrane reactors for drinking
water purification including field visit and demonstration on ceramic membrane
based arsenic & iron removal plants'.
- Training programme was
conducted on pollution control in cupola furnace at Belgaum, Karnataka to make
the foundry owners aware of the improved cupola furnaces developed by Punjab State
Council for Science & Technology.
USERS scheme aims to utilize the expertise
and potential of large number of Eminent Scientists in the country who remain
active and deeply motivated to participate in S&T development even after their
retirement. The main activity under this programme is preparation of books/monographs
and state of art-reports. Several retired scientists have been supported.