Annual Report 2005-2006
Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Research
The "Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Research Programme"
(DPRP) was initiated by DST in 1994- 95 for promoting Industry-
Institutional collaboration in drugs and pharmaceuticals sector.
This Programme aims at enhancing capabilities of institutions
and the Indian Drugs & Pharmaceuticals Industry towards
development of New Drugs in all Systems of medicine. The specific
objectives of this scheme are:
- To synergise the strengths of publicly funded R&D
institutions and Indian Pharmaceutical Industry in developing
drugs in areas of national relevance.
- To create an enabling infrastructure, mechanisms and
linkages to facilitate new drug development.
- To stimulate skill development of human resources in
R&D for drugs and pharmaceuticals.
Government has dissolved the Pharmaceuticals Research and
Development Support Fund (PRDSF) Corpus of Rs 150 Crores which
was earlier created for supporting the activities of DPRP
since 24th January, 2006. Instead budgetary Plan allocation
has been made to the tune of Rs 150 Crores per annum
The Technology Development & Transfer Division continued
its efforts for implementing the DPRP programme. A total number
of 64 proposals have been considered for financial support
during the year. 44 proposals have been recommended by the
Expert Committee for funding. This includes Sixteen (16) Industry-Institutional
collaborative research proposals, Fifteen (15) proposals for
provision of Loan from Industries and Thirteen (13) proposals
for setting up of National Facilities Following are the new
collaborative R&D projects which have been funded during
- Synthesis of new chemical entitles based on polyketide
derived macrocyclic structures and their amide-linked analogues
using sugar, amino acids and related building blocks and
evaluation of their anti-microbial and other biological
properties among Indian Institute of Chemical Technology,
Hyderabad and Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad.
- Chemical standardization and biological evaluation. With
a view to increase efficacy of herbal medicine among Indian
Institute of Chemical Biology, Kokatta/Vihswa Bharati University,
Shantiniketan and Dey's Medical Stores, Collate.
- Oral Penem anti bacterial agents for community acquired
infections among National Chemical Laboratory, Pune and
Ranbaxy Labs Ltd., Gurgaon.
- Development of an integrated bioprocess strategy for
the production of interferon beta 1b among Jawahar Lal Nehru
University, New Delhi and Indo Bioactive Labs (P) Ltd.,
- Scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy profile
of siddha formulation advocated in the prevention and management
of coronary heart disease among Centre for Advanced Research
in ISM (CARISM) Sastra Deemed University, Thanjavur and
Orchids & Pharmaceuticals Ltd Chennai.
- New Antiarthritic compounds, synthesis and screening
among Indian Institute of Chemical Technology (IICT), Hyderabad
and Zydus Research Centre, Ahmedabad.
- Scientific evaluation of Safety and efficacy profile
of an Ayurvedic Herbal Formulation (R05) in the management
of diabetes mellitus among Sri Ramachandra Medical College
and Research Institute, Chennai and M/s Rumi Herbals Ltd,
- Development of new anti-amoebic agents among Jamia Millia
Islamia, New Delhi and Rex (USA) Remedies Pvt Ltd., Delhi.
- Developing an indigenous and cost-effective CD4 and CD8
count assay for HIV/ AIDS among Jawahar Lal Nehru Centre
for Advances Scientific Research (JNCASR), Bangalore and
M/s Microtest Innovations Pvt Ltd, Bangalore.
- Scientific evaluation of safety and efficacy profile
of noble molecules from the marine herbals for drug development
in the management of Malaria" among Manonmaniam Sundarnagar
(MS) University, Abhishekapatti, Tirunelveli-627012. Land
Pharma Fabricon Ltd, Othapatti, Karupayurani, Madurai -625020
National Facilities Supported
Four National Facilities sanctioned during the period are
- National facility for advanced proteomic and protein
research for development of biomarkers, drugs and therapeutic
proteins at IICB, Calcutta.
o National facility for Regulatory Pharmacology and Toxicology
at Central Drug Research Institute (CDRI), Luck now.
- Regulatory Toxicology: Development of GLP certified facility
for toxicological screening of new chemical entities (NCOs)
at National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research
- PharmacoKinetic evaluation of some novel fixed dose combination
drug formulations by LCMS / MS at Bioequivalence Study Centre,
Jadavpur University, Calcutta
Proposals funded by Provision of Loan
For the first time under the programme, soft loan on simple
interest of 3 per cent has been extended for Pharma Research
& Development projects to industries. The projects and
industries financially supported are as follows:
- Development of quality controlled plants based formulation
in the treatment of Dementia and its validation with reference
to its safety and efficacy by Dalmia Centre for R&D
(DCRD) , Coimbatore.
- Formulation development, stability studies, pre-clinical
and clinical studies of anticatract eye drops for applying
the technology and innovation in effective prevention and
treatment of catract to M/s Promed Exports Pvt. Ltd., New
- Development of a tetravalent dengue vaccine by using
combination of 30 deletion mutant and chemeric constructs
of DEN-1, DEN2, DEN-3 and DEN-4 viruses against dengue virus
infection by M/s Biological E. Ltd., Hyderabad.
- Development of a cost-effective viral load assay and
it's commercial application in monitoring drug efficacy
in HIV/AIDS by M/s Microtest Innovations Pvt.Ltd ; Bangalore
Interaction Meets, Conferences & Workshops
Grants have also been sanctioned for organizing several interaction
meets between Academia and Industries involved in R&D
and product development in Natural Products and Modern System
of medicine. These are as follows:
- One day Brain storming session (BSS) on Pharma funding
among pharma industries was held on 10th April 2005 at Hotal
Kaktio, Hyderabad in collaboration with University of Hyderabad,
Hyderbad, More than 125 representatives of leading pharma
industries in the country and several institutions participated
in the discussion. The BSS was presided by Prof V .S. Ramamurthy,
- DST participated in an exhibition in the event entitled"Bangalore
- BIO-2005 from April 22 to April 24, 2005 at Bangalore.
This important annual event was sponsored by Vision group
on Biotechnology, in this exhibition various significant
achievements made under the drugs and Pharmaceuticals Research
Programme (DPRP) were displayed.
- A five days National Workshop on standardization of traditional
Indian medicine for Global acceptance as per WHO guidelines
was organized in collaboration with Banaras Hindu University,
Varanasi from 25th to 29th May, 2005 at Sri Ramachandra
Medical College and research Institute (Deemed University)
Chennai. There were fifteen Industry participants and twenty
institutional participants representing different states
of the country, resource persons from various disciplines
relevant to the topics of the workshop were identified across
the country. Lectures on various topics like WHO guidelines,
GMP, GLP, IPR etc. were held.
- Visits were made to USA and Canada alongwith CSIR delegation
with the purpose of visiting three BSL - 4 Laboratories
(Two in USA and One in Canada). Scientists of the Division
also attended a one day seminar on "Emerging technologies
towards the development of Vaccines as reflected from the
current patent analysis" organised by India International
center and by waterfalls Institute Delhi on 12th July, 2005.
- A two days workshop entitled "Essential Medicines,
Adverse reactions and therapeutic Drug Monitoring"
was held during 22nd and 23rd August 2005 at the scientific
Convention Centre Lucknow. Nearly 100 scientists and some
industries participated in this workshop.
- Members of Parliament Standing Committee on science and
technology, environment and forest visited Serum institute
India Pvt Ltd, Pune in September, 2005 and discussed the
various aspects related to drugs & Pharmaceuticals Research
Programme (DPRP) of DST during this visit besides examining
the facilities available at Serum Institute India Pvt Ltd.,
- Financial grants were provided by DST for conduction
an international Conference on Clinical Research with theme
entitled " India's Emergence as Hub for Clinical research"
- An International Exhibition entitled" HEALTH+ PHARMA-
Bangalore with effect sept.23rd to 26th 2005 organised by
PRASHIDHI Conventions , events and expositions , C/O Indian
society Health Administrators (ISHA) K.R.Road Banashankri
2nd stage Bangalore- 560070.
- Supported ADMA 3rd National symposium and pre Symposium
workshop organized by Ayurvedic Drug manufacturers associations
(ADMA) on the theme " AGENDA 2010 - STEPS AHEAD ".
- National Seminar on " Veterinary pharmacology in
post WTO era and 5th Annual conference of Indian Society
of Veterinary Pharmacology and toxicology (ISVPT) during
24 to 26th November at Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal
sciences University, Chennai.
- Participation in Bangalore BIO 2005 organized at Palace
Grounds, Palace Office, Vasanthnagar, Bangalore from April
22 - 24, 2005.
- Industry institute interaction on "Nano enabled
facility for drug discovery and delivery on November, 20005
at Hyderabad conducted by Confederation of Indian Industry
(CII) Lodhi Road, New Delhi.
- National Conference on "The changing role of Pharmacologists
in Modern Medicine by Indian Pharmacological Society at
Institute of Pharmacology Society at Institute of Pharmacology,
Madras Medical College, Chennai.
- Industry Institute Interaction meet at the Third Workshop
on Drug Discovery & Development in New Millennium conducted
by NIPER, Mohali.
- Two days Brain Storming Session (BSS) on "Metal
toxicity in preparations of Indian Systems on 3-4 March
2006 at Shriram Institute for Industrial Research, Delhi.
- Participation at DST in the 2nd Premium International
Exhibition & Symposium on Natural products, Medicines
and Therapies (Panacea 2006) organized at Nehru Centre,
Mumbai from 3rd February - 5th February, 20006 by Seishido
Joint Technology Projects with Socio-Economic
Department of Science and Technology (DST) has created an
Inter-Sectoral Science and Technology Advisory Committee (IS-STAC)
mechanism to coordinate with various socio-economic ministers/departments
through Science and Technology Advisory Committee (STAC),
in formulation of long term S&T plans and programs promotion
of Science and Technology programs relevant to the concerned
sector. Interactions have been made through participation
in the STAC and Research Sub Committee meetings held during
the year. Under the scheme, IS-STAC has launched Joint technology
Projects (JTPs) to provide thrust to promotion of research
in the areas concerning the Ministries/ Departments. The objectives
of the scheme are as follows:
- To provide inter-disciplinary inputs in S&T Programs/Plans
of socio-economic Ministries/ Departments.
- To identify inter-disciplinary R&D programs of common
interest for multi-partnership funding through STAC sub
groups/Task Forces meetings.
- To promote Joint Technology Projects by providing part
funding to R&D projects in the emerging areas and considered
important by the user ministry.
- To support Interaction Meets/ Workshops in the emerging
areas of common interest
- Information exchange on work of STACs in different Ministries
through STAC-Scan Plus newsletter and other publications.
Specific support is provided by DST jointly with socio-economic
Ministry/Department for activities, which can be demonstrated
on industrial scale through research & development efforts
and are conducive for strengthening of technological capabilities
in the country. The joint technology projects have been supported
with the participation of different ministries viz., Department
of Atomic Energy, Ministry of Coal & Mines, Ministry of
Steel, Ministry of Shipping, Ministry of Rural Development,
Ministry of Power, Directorate of Geology & Mining, Govt.
of Nagaland and ONGC. During the year, some of the highlights
of the ongoing joint technology projects are as follows:
- Studies on Production of Alloyed Pig Iron using Chromite
Overburden in Sukinda Mines in the State of Orrisa
The above joint technology project is jointly supported by
Department of Science and Technology and Ministry of Mines
and implementing by Metallurgical & Engineering Consultant
(MECON), Ranchi. Based upon the actual plant trials runs results
obtained from this project as well as the recommendations
of the Joint Project Monitoring Committee and Standing Scientific
Research Group a Techno Economic Feasibility Report (TEFR)
on Establishment of a Commercial plant for Production of 140,000
tons per year Alloyed Pig Iron Using Chromite Overburden at
Tomka Village, Orissa has been prepared by M/S MECON, Ranchi.
On the basis of TEFR, proposed steel plant facilities and
the final general lay out incorporating the estimates of capital
cost and production cost, financial appraisal of the project
has been evaluated. To quote some specific figures the total
cost for putting up the commercial plant will be Rs.176.68
crore including foreign exchange component. Total annual production
cost will be approximately Rs.195.30 crore at 100% capacity
utilization. The internal rate of return (IRR) has been computed
to be 207% (pre-tax) and 17.5% (post tax) respectively over
20 years of plant operation with a pay back period of 7.3
years. The break even capacity 50% and cash break even capacity
will be 31% for an average over 10 years of operation.
|Figure 6. 1: Chromite Overburden
at SOSO Mining Site in Bhadrak District Orissa
||Figure 6. 2: Production of
Alloyed Pig Iron and IDCOLKalinga Iron Works Ltd. (IKIWL),
To widely disseminate the results achieved a Workshop on
Use of Alloyed Pig Iron in Mini Steel Plants and Foundries
was organized on 30th September, 2005 by MECON, Ranchi. Large
number of participants from industry, representatives from
industry associations, entrepreneurs, Ministry of Steel and
DST attended the Workshop. The work carried out under this
project was well appreciated. Entrepreneurs were invited to
come forward to set up the plant for waste utilization from
mining industry with the help financial support from the Government.
- Underground Coal Gasification and its Utilization
for Power Generation Studies in Lignite Deposits of Rajasthan
The above joint technology project has been undertaken with
financial support from Department of Science and Technology,
Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd. and Ministry of Coal. Coal
is valuable resource for energy producing about 70 % of India's
electricity. Coal combustion however is leading to production
of carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas responsible for
global warming. The Underground coal gasification produces
gas that can be utilized for power generation. It is an environmentally
friendly technology of coal utilization. Under the Phase I
project following milestones have been identified in this
- To study and evaluate the exploration data of certain
lignite blocks and selection of suitable lignite block for
Underground Coal Gasification (UCG) studies.
- To undertake detailed exploration in selected lignite
block and assess the deposit characteristics, quality and
reserves and carry out specialized studies on lignite.
- To establish and carry out UCG pilot studies and evaluate
the heat values and other characteristics of producer gas.
If the outcome of the Phase-I study is proved successful
and the product gas is evaluated as suitable for power generation,
the same will be utilized in the power generation Phase-II)
in the appropriate capacity IGCCP Plant.
- Pilot Scale Smelting and pre-feasibility studies on
nickel-chromium-cobalt bearing magnetite ores of Nagaland
for economically viable plant
The above joint technology project is jointly supported by
Department of Science and Technology, Ministry of Mines, Ministry
of Steel , Directorate of Geology & Mining, and Govt.
of Nagaland. National Metallurgical Laboratory (NML), Jamshedpur,
is implementing the project. It aims to carry out Pilot Scale
Smelting and pre-feasibility studies on nickel-chromium-cobalt
bearing magnetite ores of Nagaland for an economically viable
plant. The following milestones are proposed to be achieved
out of this project.
- To conduct pilot scale smelting trials up to 5 - 6
tons/day of magnetite ore from Nagaland in the existing
500kVA submerged Arc furnace at NML, Jamshedpur based
on the bench scale study parameters already optimized.
- To evaluate the properties of the alloy for its possible
applications and use after refining
- Pre-feasibility studies for an economically viable
- National Facility on Semi Solid Forming established
at Indian Institute of Science (IISc.), Bangalore
The above joint technology project is supported jointly with
Min. of Mines, DRDO (Ministry of Defense). This National Facility
which has been established at Indian Institute of Science
(IISc), Bangalore, the first of its in India is now ready
to cater to the needs of the Industry in the emerging field
of semi-solid forming using aluminum and its fabrication of
auto components and other applications (Figure 6.3). Some
of the companies which have visited this facility are M/S
Sundaram Clayton, M/S TVS Motor Company, ALCOA-USA, Maini
Group etc. A batch of scientists has already been trained
on various machines and the money generated out of such training
is being used for the maintenance of the facility. Indian
Institute of Science, Bangalore will be going in for patenting
of the processes, components etc. shortly.
The status of this joint technology was also discussed in
the 34th meeting of the Standing Scientific Advisory Group
(SSAG), Ministry of Mines held on 29th August, 2005 which
was chaired by Secretary, Mines. The work carried out under
this project was deeply appreciated by the members. In addition,
most significant event out of this project was that a very
high level team from Gas Turbine Research establishment (GTRE)
(which is a Defense Laboratory under DRDO/Ministry of Defense)
led by Dr. Ramachandra, the Outstanding Scientist and Director,
GTRE and Dr. V. K. Aatre, former Scientific Adviser to Raksha
Mantri & DG, DRDO visited the National Facility on 17th
October, 2005 and detailed discussions were held which led
to the understanding of development of several critical engine
parts in aluminum and magnesium alloys required for the Kaveri
Engine for the Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) project, one of
the most vital and prestigious defense project being undertaken
in the country.
Figure 6. 3: CAD Layout of National Semi-Solid Forming Facility
at IISc; Bangalore
Helium Conservation Programme
- Pilot plant for extraction, enrichment and purification
of Helium from Natural Gas
In a major initiative to jointly fund R&D with industry
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), Department of Atomic
Energy (DAE) and DST are supporting the above joint technology
project. Helium is a valuable resource found in Hot Springs
and Natural Gas. Based upon the expertise developed in past
few years through support from DST and DAE along with DRDO
in national R&D laboratories under Helium Conservation
Programme and the experience of ONGC, it has been decided
to set up a pilot plant for extraction, enrichment and purification
of Helium from ONGC Natural Gas fields in Tamil Nadu. The
plant is based on four stage Pressure Swing Adsorption (PSA)
technology. A team of experts from DST, ONGC, SINP/VECC, Kolkata
has visited the operating plant sites in the USA on same technology,
to examine its efficacy in the Indian context. The plant design
specifications, its capacity and the site where the said plant
will be commissioned have been finalized. The plant in research
mode is being set up by Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics
Under the Helium conservation programme, parallel efforts
have been proposed to develop a commercial scale plant for
helium extraction using a combination of cryogenic and PSA
technology at Indian Institute of Petroleum, Dehradun.
- Exploration of Helium from hot springs (Himachal Pradesh,
Assam, Orissa) and Development of Infrastructure for Gas
collection at Tantloi (Jharkhand) (Phase-II of National
Helium Conservation Program)
This is another joint technology project supported by Department
of Science and Technology and Department of Atomic Energy
and implemented by Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata
under Helium Conservation Programme. For the first time a
single research group has visited different geothermal areas
in the country and carried out measurements in a Mobile Helium
Laboratory, where the sampling were done on-line directly
from the hot springs vents without interfacing with other
systems. Accordingly the values projected in the completion
report are expected to bear a greater fidelity as compared
to data obtained in measurements where analyses are carried
out at a later date in institutions/ laboratories on samples
collected weeks or sometimes months earlier.
Under the project a Helium Monitoring Laboratory has been
established at Bakreshwar (W. Bengal) and gas collection infrastructure
has come up at Tantloi (Jharkhand) (Figure 6.4). The Mobile
Helium Laboratory comprised of a Tata-407 vehicle, especially
mounted with laboratory facilities such as temperature loggers,
position monitors (GPRS), and various portable analytical
equipment with power supply gears for the measurements of
Rn222 activity and gamma exposure level, a Gas Chromatograph
and quadrupole Mass Analyzer for the quantitative estimation
of helium and associated gases released from the hot spring
vents. Special geo-chemical-instrumentation was incorporated
for determining the relative concentration of some of the
characteristic chemical ions present in the thermal waters
was investigated. A uniform standard procedure was adopted
for all the measurements carried out in the different geo-thermal
zones. Instrument readings were calibrated by evaluation with
laboratory standards so as to obtain a uniform platform for
all the measurements made across time scale in different locations.
Significantly S&T benefits have been accrued and a possibility
of utilizing the variations in helium abundance in the bubble
gases of some of the thermal springs investigated in geo-chemical
signals for possible seismic surveillance has emerged. Besides
this several research publications were brought out in Indian
and International journals and two persons were trained.
- Monitoring of Geo-chemical Precursory signals for
Under Helium Conservation Programme continuous monitoring
of Geo-chemical Precursory signals for seismic events have
been initiated based on the encouraging results achieved in
the earlier project. This project is funded by Department
of Science and Technology and is being implementing by Variable
Energy Cyclotron Center (VECC), Saha Institute of Nuclear
Physics, Kolkata and University of Kashmir. The expected outcome
includes establishment of automated and continuous monitoring
facilities at the hot spring sites at Bakreshwar (W. Bengal),
Manikaran/(H.P.)/Tattapani (J&K) and Andaman & Nicobar
for recording changes in the abundance of He, methane, and
Rn in the bubble gases as well as to monitor changes in gamma
dose rate. Spring temperatures will also be monitored. It
is also proposed to establish internet connectivity of the
spring site laboratories to VECC/SINP so that the recorded
data can be downloaded for evaluation. The monitoring will
be carried out on temporal correlation between the recorded
abundance changes in gas constituents from the hot springs
and seismic signals obtained from a collaborating seismic
observatory and geo-chemical data with the seismic signals
will be statistically correlated. This will help to study
the feasibility of long term continuous monitoring at these
three sites. The monitoring network is being strengthened
through linking of all the three stations via VSAT (Figure
|Fig 6.4: VSAT Facility
at Thermal Spring Helium Monitoring Lab, Bakreshwar, W.B.
||Figure 6. 5: Thermal
Spring Gas Holders for collection of Helium Gas at Tantloi,
Clean Coal Technology Initiative (CCTI)
As per recommendation of STAC sub-Group comprising of Coal,
Power and Steel chaired by Shri R.K. Sachdev, then Advisor
MOC, DST had commissioned a Study on Assessment of Pre-combustion
Clean Coal Technology way back in 1995. In this study status
prevailing to early nineties and was covered and priority
areas were identified. Several CCT initiatives in the country
were reported since the last study covering coal beneficiation,
coke ovens, combustion technologies and that R&D from
BHEL, NTPC, RRLs, Tatas, JVSL Vijayanagar, Sesa Goa etc. While
there was satisfactory progress towards CCT developments for
sustainable use of Indian coal, it was felt on Global Scale
these have been far reaching developments, Kyoto Protocol
has come in to force, National Clean Development Mechanism
Authority has been set-up in the country and hence there is
a need for a CCT development road map. With this in view,
in depth Study on Clean Coal Technology Initiative has been
taken up to address the issues in entire Coal-Energy Chain
and introducing market based mechanisms by identifying CDM
potential of such projects for accelerating the progress in
technology development. Topics to be covered include Pre-Combustion
Technologies, Coal Combustion Technologies, Environment Stability
from Coal use, New Technologies. The concerned Ministries
viz. Coal, Steel and Power, R&D Laboratories, Academic
institutions and Confederation of Indian Industries are represented
on the Task Force besides DST.
National Programme on Carbon Sequestration
Department of Science and Technology and Ministry of Power
have been represented from India on the Carbon Sequestration
Leadership Forum (CSLF). In this context, First Inter-sectoral
Meet on CO2 Sequestration technology was organized on February
28, 2005 inaugurated by Secretary DST. The aim was to discuss
and identify R&D areas in various sectors among participants
from industry. Ministry of Power is the nodal agency for CSLF
and it has been proposed to initiate collaborative research
projects in the area of carbon capture, storage and disposal.
In this context, National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)
made a presentation on selected carbon capture projects proposed
to be taken up with joint support from DST. Proposals on geological
sequestration of CO2 in basalt rocks, saline aquifers and
coal-mines are also under consideration.
During the year, DST participated in Indo-US Workshop on
organized by National Geophysical Research Institute (NGRI)
Hyderabad and India-Australia Technical Workshop on Carbon
Sequestration organized by NTPC in New Delhi. Projects on
In depth study on identification of Deep Underground Aquifers
and their suitability for Carbon Dioxide Sequestration has
been initiated with the objective to develop the screening
criteria for selecting saline aquifers and other sinks for
geological sequestration of carbon dioxide. Risks involved
and future research areas will also be identified.
New Initiatives and Other STAC Highlights
The following new joint technology projects have been initiated:
- Helium Isotopic (3He/4He) Ratio as Precursory signal
to Earthquake- with Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata.-
The objectives of this project is the application of geo-chemical
tracer and 3He/4He ratio techniques to problem of earthquake
in India as a means of understanding the process by way
of precursory signals. The study will reveal the implications
of specific 3He/4He ratio signatures of the noble gases
in tectonically active areas. It will also lead to the better
understanding of Magmatic fluid transport mechanism in geo-thermal
areas related to helium release. In addition this ratio
also leads to the classification of probable genesis of
- Installation of a Demonstration Plant for development
of most economic route of pelletisation, smelting reduction
and steel making technology using iron ore fines & slimes
for production of steel- Continuous Induction Furnace (CONTIFUR)
Process jointly with Ministry of Steel. The technology to
be developed out of this project aims to utilize waste as
well as non-coking thus conserving the resources.
- Action Programme for CO2 Sink Capacity Assessment for
reduction of carbon intensity through technology up gradation
and carbon sequestration through storage in coal bearing
During the year IS-STAC secretariat participated in number
of important meetings of Science & Technology Advisory
Committees (STAC) in various economic Ministries.
Joint Technology System Projects
Department of Science & Technology is implementing Joint
Technology- Technology System Programme to develop viable
technology systems. The objectives of the programme are:
- To support activities aimed at developing systems both
in modern technologies and in traditional technologies.
- To support technology development and upgradation in
the specific sectors such as glass industry etc.
- To promote application of advanced technologies for solution
to socio- economic problems.
- To promote technology development in certain identified
niche areas such as water purification, biodegradable polymers,
application of surface engineering for rejuvenation of traditional
crafts, molecular electronics etc.
The focus of the programme is on R & D application and
activities in various parts of the country including North
During the year, a number of activities in the niche areas
of Technology Development and applications were undertaken.
Area wise highlights are given below:
Under this area, the focus was primarily on developing technologies
specifically for removal of arsenic, fluoride, salinity (Figure
6.6) and iron including Defluoridation of ground water by
membrane technology; Low cost adsorbent and household model
for removal of arsenic; Removal of arsenic using polymeric
membranes; Pilot scale and field scale studies on removal
of arsenic from drinking water including sludge management;
and Ground water quality assessment and zonation for arsenic
contamination in affected districts of West Bengal.
a. A project entitled "Pilot Scale and field scale studies
on removal of arsenic from drinking water including sludge
management" of IIT, Kharagpur was successfully completed
during the year. A project entitled "Field studies on
defluoridation of water by IISc method" was initiated
during the year.
|Figure 6. 6: Development
of Two Stage Sea Water Desalination Unit (1000 litre per
||Figure 6. 7: Development
of Straight Vegetable Oil Operated Village Electrification
Plant (20 Kw)
The focus of activities under this programme is mainly on
technology related applications and system integration in
bio-fuels. Department has initially focused on potential and
problems related to the application of Straight Vegetable
Oils (SVOs). The projects supported in the area during the
year are Requirement of R&D activities in the area of
SVO and Bio-diesel for engine application; Scope and Limitations
of Non-edible Vegetable Oil as a substitute fuel for Diesel
engines- An Experimental Study; and Endurance Testing of Diesel
Engine using Straight Vegetable Oils (SVOs) as Fuel.
- Information & Communication Technology (ICT) Systems
Under this area, the focus is on developing technologies,
which promote application of information technologies for
the benefit of general masses especially rural people. Following
projects were supported in this area during the year:
- Feasibility Study on development of Super Smart Mobile
ICT Corridor (SSMC) for medical applications.
- Design and Implementation of Set Top Box for Internet
access on TV.
Integrated knowledge System on Soil Nutrient Management Through
Image Processing of Chromatograms.
- Surface Engineering modification and rejuvenation
of Traditional Crafts
The main objective of this program was to explore the possibility
of application of advanced Surface Engineering technologies
to improve value addition of traditional crafts and modernization
of traditional techniques, tools and skills with a view to
enhance export capabilities and performance of traditional
and non-traditional items. During the year a project entitled
"Development and setting up of a Proto-type Plasma System
for Surface Modification of Angora Rabbit Fibre to improve
Processing" was initiated.
- Structure Technology Systems
Under this activity, the focus is on development of multi-disciplinary,
multi-institutional technology development projects in niche
areas having relevance to the Indian needs and wide spread
potential for successful replication (Fig. 6.8). During the
year, the following projects were continued:
- Industrialized Building System for Affordable Quality
- Distress Diagnostic, performance evaluation and bridge
management system for concrete bridges.
- Development of Semiactively controlled Structrures and
Devices for Seismic Protection using Smart Materials.
Glass Technology Upgradation
Following projects were initiated during the year:
- Development of Technology of extended wear contact lens/daily
wear contact lens.
Figure 6. 8: Rural Area Communication for developing Farmers'
- Science & Technology based skill development of Glass
- Development of Eco-friendly 12-open pot furnace.
Development of foldable intraocular lens (Fig. 6.9).
Figure 6. 9: Development of Glass Melting Pot (Life enhanced
to 55 days from 15 days)
During the year, the on-going projects supported are:
- Design and Development of precision aspheric lenses for
- Design and development of Night Driving filter.
- Development of metal containing polymers for optical
- Design and development of Sikai Bhatti, Belan Bhatti
and Pakai Bhatti for the bangle industry.
- Use of image intensification technology in retinal angiography
Engineered prototypes of an user friendly optical refractrometer
based compact sensor for instant determination of adultration
|Figure 6. 10: Construction
of gas fired Glass Melting Day Tank Furnace capable of
melting 1000 Kg Soda Lime Glass at 1450°C
In order to facilitate commercialization of the technologies
developed under this programme and also to identify technology
gaps based on demands of the industry, a project was sanctioned
to National Research and Development Corporation, New Delhi.
- Bio-molecular Electronics & Conducting Polymers
New projects supported in the area are:
- Conducting Polymer based Field Effect Transistor.
- Development of Polymer based Biomimetic Sensors.
- Studies on direct electron transfer between Redox Proteins
and electrodes: Amperometeric sensing.
- Biosensor for in situ estimation of Superoxide Radical.
- Polymer Light Emitting Device (LED) Synthesis of Molecularly
designed polymers Design and development of LED.
- Optimization of Bactteriorhodopsine (Br) protein production
from Halo bacterium sp.
Following projects were completed during the year:
- Development of Immuno biosensors for detection of Pesticides
- Development of Enzyme Electrodes for determination
of Creatinine in Biological fluids.
- Waste utilization, recycling and Management
Under this programme, three areas (i.e. Electronic Waste,
Hospital Waste, and Plastic Waste) were identified for inviting
the project proposals during the year. In addition, certain
Hazardous Waste with industry focus was also identified for
technology development. A project entitled "Utilization
of Rice Husk-An Agricultural Waste for the Development of
Useful Silicon Based Monoxide Ceramics" was supported.
A workshop to identify technology needs in the area was also
organized at NEERI, Nagpur.
- Biodegradable/Bio-medical Polymers
These polymers, due to their outstanding characteristics,
are finding increasing applications in household, transport,
industrial and agricultural fields. They are also increasingly
used as artificial organ and transplant in various biomedical
applications. One of the solutions is to use biodegradable
polymers based on microbial/agricultural/forest resources.
Under this area a project entitled "Development and investigation
on Bio-composites" was initiated.
The programme aims at developing preventive, diagnostic and
curative technologies for eye-related (ophthalmic) diseases.
The projects on "Study of Medicinal plants for the management
of glaucoma", "To validate a diagnostic multiplex
polymerase reaction assay for infectious posterior uveitis
in Indian Population" and "Pharmacological and molecular
biological approaches to prevent Posterior Capsular Opacification
(PCO)" supported were regularly reviewed.
The main objectives of this programme are to promote development
and implementation of application of Laser based techniques/devices/
instruments and to promote manufactures, servicing and maintenance
of laser and laser related/based products. A project entitled
"Development of Compact/ portable hybrid optical correlator
for machine vision application (finger print identification)"
was successfully completed.
- Gold Technology Upgradation Programme
DST sought to intervene in Gold Jewellery Sector through
S & T inputs to provide fairer deal to the consumers,
improve the lot of goldsmiths, research and develop new alloys
surface engineering technique and improve work ethics. The
main objective is to promote activities for improving methods,
practices, tools/implements, equipment and working environment
conditions of gold smiths.
A project entitled "Investigation on Metallurgical aspects
of 14 & 18 carat gold alloys and recovery procedure of
gold from workshop scrap" was reviewed at JSS Polytechnic
for Physically Handicapped, Mysore. Efforts were made to create
facilities for polytechnic education course in "Jewellery
Design & Technologies". This is a three year course
recognized by Karnataka Government and All Indian Council
for Technical Education.
Support to project entitled "Indigenous development
of Liquid Nitrogen Plant of 7-litre/hr capacity for various
Cryogenic applications" and possibility of initiating
two new programmes related to development of technologies
in the area of Engineering Ceramics and Gyrotron for indigenous
research requirements were considered.
Instrumentation Development Programme
Instrumentation is one of the major areas of Science and
Technology which makes a great impact on vital sectors of
national activities such as education, scientific research,
industry, agriculture, medicine and health etc. The Department
of Science and Technology (DST) has been promoting the area
of instrumentation through its Instrumentation Development
Programme (IDP) with the objective of strengthening indigenous
capability for research, design and development of instruments
in the country leading to their indigenous development and
production, continuous updating of the technology to keep
pace with the technology improvements taking place globally,
and innovation in the area of Instrumentation Programmes are
evolved and projects are supported under IDP for research/design/
development and for innovations in different areas of instrumentations
which are identified from time to time at various R&D
organizations in the country.
During the 10th plan, The Department has initiated the Instrument
Development programme in mission mode for capacity building
& development of instruments in the country and a National
Instrument Development Board (NIDB) was constituted for this
purpose. Due to completion of the tenure of NIDB this year,
National Instrumentation Development Board has been reconstituted.
The following thrust areas have been identified by the Board.
- Analytical Instrumentation
- Sensors and allied instrumentation
- Medical Instrumentation and Healthcare Systems; and
- Industrial Instrumentation
As per the recommendation of NIDB, Four Steering Committees/Expert
Groups have been again reconstituted in the areas of Analytical
Instrumentation, Sensors & Allied Instrumentation, Medical
Instrumentation and Healthcare system and industrial instrumentation.
In order to further implement the policies and strategies
laid down by NIDB under 10th Plan, following activities were
carried out during the year to strengthen R&D in Instrument
design and development, generation of new programmers and
generation of human resources in priority areas.
New Programme/Project initiated
- Development of sensor and related instrumentation for
online testing of sterility of food products at Indian Institute
of Science, Bangalore.
- Development of Humidity sensor using Polyvinyl Alcohol
thick film leading to its application in MEMS devices at
Amity Institute of Nanotechnology, NOIDA.
- Design and Development of Arsenic Monitor at CECRI, Karaikudi
- Evaluation of the potential of some luminescent fungi
and algae for the estimation of trace/heavy metals at Punjab
- Development of Electronic Nose Instrument for Agro Products
at Jadavpur, University, Kolkata.
- Development of online mango sorting system using x-ray
imaging, CEERI, Chennai.
- Design and Development of a testing to ensure the processing
propensity, SITRA, Coimbatore.
- Design and Development of instruments for predicting
fabric tailorability, SASMIRA, Mumbai.
- Design and development of membrane type solute separation
equipment for textile industry to reduce pollution a facilitate
recycling of chemicals and to conserve water during wet
processing, SASMIRA, Mumbai.
- Development of palposcope for medical diagnostic kit
and telemedicine, IIT, Kharagpur.
Instruments/ Systems under development
- Amperiometric enzyme electrode system for determination
of oxalate biological materials based on sorghum oxalate
oxidase at MD University, Rohtak.
- To evaluation maneuverability of ripening in climacteric
fruits (e.g. Lycopersicum esculentum L (tomato) and psidium
guajava (guava) and production of favonoids through the
use of signals, regulators and sensors at Department of
Botany, Punjab University, Chandigarh.
- Isolation purification and immobilization of urease for
technical development of urea biosensors at Guru Gobind
Singh Indraprastha University, School of Biotechnology,
Kashmere Gate, Delhi.
- Development of Zeolite modified electrodes for environmental
monitoring by Dr. R Saraswathi Reader and Head Department
of Material Science, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai.
- Development of microgravimetric diagnostic kit for Hepatitis
B at CSIO, Chandigarh.
- Development of biosensor with associated instrumentation
for bacterial pathogen detection in water and food samples
at CSIO, Chennai.
- Microelectrophoretic procedure for separation and analysis
of biomolecules at Department of Experimental Medicine and
Biotechnology, PGI, Chandigarh.
- Construction of illuminating bacterials for detection
of toxin pollutants in the environment by Prof. R Tewari,
Punjab University, Chandigarh.
- Design and development of electrochemical sensors at
- Development of Multizone optical fibre based perturbation
sensing system at CSIO, Chandigarh.
- Development of humidity meters based on thick film ferroelectric
lead magnesium niobate at Central Glass and Ceramic Research
Institute, Jadavpur University, Kolkata
- Point to point termination processor at Institute of
Management Studies (An engineering management institute),
Jahanavi Centre, Ghaziabad.
- Digital Image processing based instruments for evaluation
of textile material at IIT, Delhi
- Development of an instrument for non destructive assessment
of blend proportion in textile fabrics at IIT Dellhi.
- Design and development of table top model of light fastness
testing instrument at SASMIRA, Mumbai.
- Design and development of ultrasonic Transducers and
generators for textile applications at SASMIRA Mumbai.
- Design and development of DIP based equipment for characterization
of barrier resistant surgical gown at IIT, Delhi.
- Instrumentation and design of a frequency domain diffuse
optical tomography Imager for non invasive vivo detection
of breast cancer at IISc Bangalore.
- Development of digit ECG amplifier on Essential hardware
for the automatic function tests (Heart Rate Variability),
at AIIMS, New Delhi.
- Development clinical evaluation of artificial intelligence
based biomedical instruments at SCTIMST, Thiruvananthpuram,
AIIMS, New Delhi, BARC, Mumbai, MGM Medical College, Mumbai
and SN Medical College, Agra.
- Design and development of PC based optical inspection
system for PCB mounted with SMDs at CSIO, Chandigarh.
- Design and fabrication of layer by layer sequential adsorption
system at IACS, Kolkata.
- Design and development of chlorophyll measurement system
at CSIO, Chandigarh.
Workshops/training schools organized
- A national Training School on Polymeric Sensor successfully
held at Hindustan College of S&T, Farah, Mathura during
25th July 2005 to 6th August 2005 to create the awareness
about Instrument Development Programme in Northern region
of the country.
- National Training school has been organized on Optical
& Spectroscopic technique for sensors and their application
in the frontier areas of S&T during 12-15 September
2005 at Manipal Institute of Technology, Manipal to create
the awareness about Instrument Development Programme in
southern region of the country.
- DST-CII interactive meet on instrumentation industry
held successfully at Hyderabad on 8th August 2005. The meet
mainly discussed the partnership approach between industry,
scientist, academicians and DST for the growth and development
if Indian instrumentation industry and how to develop the
specific technology at the Research Centre as per the requirement
of users industry. The meet also deliberated various aspects
relating to development of technology for specific instruments,
involvement of scientific institutions funding by the Department
of Science and Technology (DST) etc. The meet was attended
by Scientists, Academicians, concerned government officials
from the DST, instrumentation industry representatives etc.
- A National Training School on Biosensor and their application
in food products successfully held at Central Food &
Technological Research Institute, Mysore during 9th January
2006 to 21 January 2006 to create the awareness about Instrumentation
Development Programme in southern region of the country.
In addition to the above, it has been planned to organize
various training programmes/workshop in the identified areas
in the series of this a workshop has been planned on Analytical/optical
instruments will be held at CSIO, Chandigarh.
National Good Laboratory Practice
Risk assessment of chemicals (industrial chemicals, pharmaceuticals,
veterinary drugs, pesticides, cosmetic products, food products,
feed additives, etc.) is a major concern of Governments and
industries all over the world, since the use of these chemicals
have a direct relationship with human, animal and environmental
safety. Regulatory authorities, the world-over, are continuously
engaged in determining the level of risks acceptable to the
society and elaborate on scientific inputs and technical data
to ensure that risks posed by these chemicals do not exceed
the contemplated level of risks.
Good Laboratory Practice (GLP) is a quality system, which
has been evolved by the member countries of Organization for
Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), concerned with
the organizational process and conditions under which non-clinical
health and environmental safety studies on the above-said
chemicals are planned, performed, monitored, recorded, reported
and archived. This system helps to ensure the quality and
integrity of safety data (on chemicals) produced by test facilities.
The OECD Principles of GLP are internationally accepted.
National GLP Compliance Monitoring Authority was set up in
April 2002 with the approval of the Cabinet to help Indian
industries to obtain GLP certification for their test facilities,
so that data generated by these test facilities is eventually
acceptable in OECD countries. India, at present, only enjoys
the status of a Provisional Member of the OECD for the purpose
of GLP. The Indian GLP Programme has empanelled experts, with
prescribed qualification, experience and training (as approved
by the Technical Committee), for assessment of test facility
as its GLP inspectors. The inspectors evaluate the technical
competence of the applicant laboratory in all respects for
its compliance to GLP.
A National Coordination Committee on OECD Test Guidelines
Programme has been constituted and Head, GLP Programme has
been nominated as National Coordinator for OECD's Test Guideline
Programme. This committee comments on the new /revised OECD
Test Guidelines to enable active participation of the country
in carrying out research/ developing draft OECD guidelines.
Head, GLP Programme has been appointed as National Coordinator
for OECD's Test Guidelines Programme and he attends meetings
of the OECD's Test Guidelines Programme. The Programme has
also constituted a Legislation Committee, with participation
from different Government Departments/ Ministries to prepare
a draft Legislation on GLP in the country.
Major achievements of the Indian GLP programme
Technology Development Board
- GLP Programme's website www.indiaglp.gov.in has been
launched and is being continuously updated.
- GLP-compliance Certification has been given to six test
facilities/laboratories and seven are in pipeline.
- Draft legislation on GLP has been prepared.
- Training courses/workshops/symposiums:
- One three-day awareness conference "National Conference
on GLP" in Lucknow.
- One one-day "Symposium on GLP" in Kolkata.
- Three one-day awareness workshops on "Good Laboratory
Practice for GLP Certification" in association with
Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) at Mumbai, Hyderabad
and New Delhi.
- One Five-day Training Course for GLP Inspectors (second
in its series) with the help of OECD experts to train 25
experts in the country as GLP Inspectors.
- One one-day "Continuing Education Course on GLP"
- One Plenary lecture on Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)
Compliance Monitoring Programme in India at Indian Pharmaceutical
Congress Meeting in Hyderabad.
The Technology Development Board (TDB) was constituted under
the provisions of the Technology Development Board Act, 1995.
TDB administers a fund called Fund for Technology Development
and Application. It provides financial assistance to industrial
concerns and agencies attempting commercial application of
indigenous technology or adapting imported technology for
wider domestic applications. It also provides financial assistance
to research and development institutions engaged in developing
indigenous technology or adaptation of imported technology
for commercial application. TDB has so far signed 156 agreements
with the total project cost of Rs. 2491.40 crore. This includes
TDB's commitment of Rs. 720.23 crores against which TDB had
disbursed Rs. 526.41crores. TDB's support covers all sectors
namely, Health & Medical, Engineering, Chemicals, Transport,
Information Technology, Tele-communication, Agriculture and
Energy & Waste Utilization spread over in 16 States /
During 2005-06, TDB has signed 15 agreements with 15 commercial
enterprises and educational / incubation centres for implementing
15 projects till 13th December, 2005. The total project cost
is Rs. 192.51 crore including TDB's committed financial assistance
of Rs. 58.79 crore.
Treatment of distillery effluent
The Ugar Sugar Works Limited, Sangli has commissioned a multiple
evaporator and spray dyer system for post biomethanated distillery
effluent treatment at their existing 30KLD rectified spirit
distillery plant. The technology for this treatment plant
has been developed and provided by M/s SSP Limited, Faridabad.
The technology involved concentrates the effluent to a low
moisture content sludge for its use as fuel in boiler resulting
in additional energy generation apart from controlling the
pollution from distillery. The project is located at Ugarkhurd,
Seed Support for STEP/TBI's
TDB has provided financial assistance to five Technology
Business Incubators (TBI's) and Science & Technology Entrepreneurs
Parks (STEP's) to incubate technological ideas on technologies
under development to enable them to reach the market place.
The STEP/TBI's are namely JSS Academy of Technology Education
(JSSATE) Noida, Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT) Vellore,
Tiruchirappalli Regional Engineering College (TREC)-STEP Tiruchirappalli,
Society for Innovation of Entrepreneurship (SINE), Indian
Institute of Technology (IIT) Mumbai and Centre for Innovation
Incubation & Entrepreneurship (CIIE) / Indian Institute
of Management (IIM), Ahmedabad. This would enable some of
these innovative ideas/technologies to graduate to successful
commercialization. Thus, the assistance is positioned to create
techno-entrepreneurs apart from acting as a bridge between
development & commercialization of the technologies.
Drinking Water purifiers based on membrane
M/s Membrane Filters (India) Private Limited, Pune, has set
up facilities for manufacturing drinking water purifiers based
on membrane filtration technology. The technology has been
developed by National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, a constituent
unit of CSIR. The products have met the drinking water quality
norms. Apart from urban market, the products are also being
developed for rural areas.
Poly-herbal patented inventions
Natural Remedies Private Limited, Bangalore, has set up production
facilities in Bangalore for the manufacture of polyherbal
patented inventions and standardized herbal extracts for anti-allergic
preparation coded as NRA2. The technology was developed by
in-house R&D unit and the product has been patented in
number of countries. The products are being marketed through
strong business partners in USA, Japan, Scandinavian countries
and Australia etc.
Power from Municipal Solid Waste
Handling municipal solid waste is a big problem in many major
municipalities. Technology Information and Forecasting Assessment
Council (TIFAC) in association with Andhra Pradesh Technology
Development and Promotion Centre (APTDPC) has developed a
technology for conversion of municipal solid waste into Refused
Derived Fuel (RDF) and Electrical Power. Commercialization
of conversion of municipal solid waste into power has been
funded by Technology Development Board. The process first
involves converting municipal garbage into fuel pellets /
fluff and subsequently using this fuel to generate steam in
specially designed boilers followed by power generation.
TDB has funded two projects (Telco International & Shriram
Energy Hyderabad) for conversion of municipal solid waste
into power (6.6 MW each) at Hyderabad & Vijaywada. The
Technology has been proven at these levels such as MNES, State
/ Central Government, Municipal corporations etc. and the
same is being replicated in several municipalities in the
country taking the clue from above two companies and TIFAC/APTDPC.
The project needs support from Government agencies for its
Gamma sterilization plant for medical/surgical
products and spices
M/s A.V. Processors Limited, Mumbai set up an automatic continuous
Gamma sterilization plant in Ambernath, Maharashtra, for sterilization
of medical /surgical products and spices with Gamma rays using
Cobalt 60 source. The project is based on a proven technology
developed by Board of Radiation and Isotope Technology (BRIT).
The fully automatic and computerised plant is capable of housing
up to 1 million curies of Cobalt 60 and processing capacity
of up to 2400 cubic meters per annum. The Gamma rays based
sterilization plants have advantage relating to toxicology
and environment compared to other technologies such as Ethylene
oxide based process. The cobalt source will be supplied by
BRIT. The plant would incorporate safety features as per AERB
Antigens and Proteins from native source
Yashraj Biotechnology Limited, Mumbai, has been supported
to separate antigens and proteins from native source, i.e.,
liquid bio-medical waste such as ascetic/plural fluids. HbsAg
+ve blood, fluids from cancer patients, Meconium (i.e. first
stool of new born baby), cord blood etc. These antigens and
proteins have diagnostic importance, which are used as standards
or calibrators in diagnostic kits. The company focus lies
on three products. CRP (C-reactive Protein), CEA (Carcino-Embryonic
Antigen) and CA-125 (Ovarian Cancer Antigen) for world-wide
market. The facilities, set up in Navi Mumbai, has an installed
capacity of 120 grams per annum of CRP; 10 grams per annum
of CEA, 4,80,000 Ku per annum of CA-125.
Software for medical diagnostic
M/s Karishma Software Limited, Secunderabad, has developed
and implemented software for medical diagnostic such as CT
scan, ECHO cardiography, ultrasound, ECG etc. in addition
to routine diagnostic elements are transformed between a secondary
care centre to a tertiary care centre. The project on healthcare
information delivery system aimed healthcare information from
secondary to primary centre through handheld devices with
software for healthcare support systems for various mission
oriented programs/NGOs etc.
Recombinant Human Platelet Derived Growth
M/s Virchow Biotech Private Limited, Hyderabad, commercialized
Recombinant Human Platelet Derived Growth Factor'. The product
is a topical gel meant for the healing of lower extremity
diabetic ulcers. The product is cloned from cDNA isolated
from human umbilical endothelial cells which are commercially
available. It is reported that the human trial conducted on
patients have shown positive / encouraging results which have
been submitted to Drug Controller General of India (DCGI)
Technology Day Awards
Mr. P. Chidambaram, Finance Minister of India, was the Chief
Guest at the National Awards Function of the Technology Day
2005 held on 11th May 2005 at New Delhi. The Finance Minister
gave away the National Award of Rs. 10 lakhs and a trophy
each to M/s Banyan Networks, Broadband Division of Midas Communication
Technologies Private Limited and Indian Institute of Technology,
Madras. He also presented the SSI Units, Arjuna Natural Extracts
Limited, Alwaye and M/s. Valeth Hightech Composites (P) Ltd.,
Chennai, Rs. 2 lakhs and a trophy each.
National Award was given to M/s. Banyan Networks, Broadband
Division of Midas Communication Technologies Pvt. Ltd. and
Indian Institute of Technology for the Broadband profile consists
of a suite of products of diverse nature used for Broadband
communication. These products are developed by a team of young
engineers and the intellectual property is owned by Indian
Institute of Technology- Madras, Chennai and Banyan Networks.
M/s. Arjuna Natural Extracts Limited, Alwaye was given the
award for SSI unit, for the technology for extracting Omega
3 fatty acid from less unsaturated fatty acids available in
the raw fish oil. The product belongs to the category of nutritional
supplements /health foods/ neutraceutical. The product conforms
to European Pharmacopoeia and is well received in India and
abroad. Sardine oil is the raw material for the product. This
small fish is mainly processed for fish meal and the oil is
a by-product of the process and was earlier used only as a
cheap surface coating material for country boats. On the Technology
Day, M/s. MAK Controls and Systems (Private) Ltd.; M/s. Steel
Strips Wheels Ltd.; M/s. Membrane Filters (India) Private
Ltd. and M/s. Vishnu Fabrics (P) Ltd. released products developed
M/s. Valeth Hightech Composites (P) Ltd., was given the award
for SSI unit, for the successful commercialization of silica
tile billets based on the process technology of Vikram Sarabhai
Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram. The product is of light
weight having density of approximate 0.3 gm / cc containing
amorphous high purity silica fibers. Its thermal conductivity
is very low and has temperature resistance up to 1400 0C with
an extremely good thermal shock resistance. These characteristics
are key factors for advanced materials needful for present
day space programs. This is a unique high technology product.
Interactive Meeting and Exhibitions
TDB organized a number of interactive meetings with industry
associations, R&D organizations, academic institutions
and entrepreneurs. TDB also participated in a number of exhibitions
in India & Abroad.