International Science & Technology
1. Department of Science and Technology
(DST) continued with the execution of its mandated responsibility of (i) negotiating,
concluding and implementing Science and Technology (S&T) Agreements at bilateral
and regional levels; (ii) providing interventions on S&T aspects of multilateral
bodies. This responsibility was carried out by DST in close consultation, on the
Indian side with Ministry of External Affairs; Indian Missions Abroad; Science
Counsellors posted in Indian Missions located in USA, Germany, Japan, Russia;
S&T related Ministries and Sectoral Ministries of Government of India; Indian
Scientific Agencies and Indian Science and Engineering Academies. There was a
spurt in engagement of Indian Industrial & Trade Associations for building
opportunities for shared strategic partnerships and foreign collaborations in
the realm of technology and innovation.
2. Indias S&T relations
with other countries and international bodies were guided by the principles including
- Leveraging international expertise, financial resources, access to
large scale advanced research facilities and international mega-science projects,
cross border training opportunities for (i) strengthening nationally important
on-going research programs, (ii) accelerating institutional and human capacity
building vital to India becoming a global player in knowledge based economy (iii)
reflecting on global practices relevant to technology and innovation based demands
and infrastructural requirements;
- Promoting international initiatives
which may reflect Indias leadership in empowering developing countries in
3. During the year , DST along with its counterpart
agencies in other countries, regional bodies and international organizations,
co-sponsored/undertook a spectrum of cooperative actions such as : (i) Exploratory
scientific and ministerial missions; (ii) Joint workshops; (iii) New bilateral
mechanism for joint research and technology development with co-investment of
resources including financial; (iv) Joint research projects; (v) Joint Research
and Development (R&D) Centres, (vi) Networking of centres of excellence; (vii)
Utilization of large scale research facilities abroad; (viii) Advanced training
(ix) Participation in international mega-science projects.
4 new S&T
Cooperation Agreement were signed with Austria and EU at New Delhi in November
2007; The Hellenic Republic (Greece) on 26th April, 2007; MOU with Spain on 12th
New Framework For S&T Cooperation
working arrangements with Russian Foundation for Basic Research: The new arrangement
would help in providing access to all Russian institutes and universities whereas
existing programme (ILTP) was limited to the institutes belonging to Russian Academy
of Sciences. 82 proposals for joint R&D projects and 8 proposals for workshop
have been received against the First joint Call for proposal issued under this
arrangement. Out of this, around 25 joint projects are to be implemented by the
scientists of both countries during next two years.
- The Program of Cooperation
(POC) between DST and CONACYT, Mexico was signed in November, 2007 for 2007-2010.
The POC allows undertaking Joint R&D Projects, Exploratory Visits, Joint R&D
Workshops, Training etc.
- The Indo -Brazil Joint Call for proposals between
DST and CNPq of Brazil was issued first time. Over 45 Joint Project Proposals
have been received which are under evaluation by the two sides.
- An MOU
for Cooperation in the field of Science, Engineering and Technology was signed
between the Department and Iowa State of USA. The MOU was signed by Dr. T. Ramasami,
Secretary, DST and Ms. Patty Judge Lt. Governor of the State of Iowa on December
13, 2007 at Des Moines, Iowa.
- The Department and the Commonwealth of
Virginia State of USA have agreed to sign an MOU for Cooperation in the field
of Science, Engineering and Technology. It is proposed to be signed in first quarter
- The Program of Cooperation (POC) in the field of Science and Technology
for 2008-2010 has been agreed between DST and CONCYTEC of Peru. It is proposed
to be signed in January/Feb, 2008. The POC allows undertaking Joint R&D Projects,
Exploratory Visits, Joint R&D Workshops, Training etc between the two sides.
- Handling of Canada programme through GITA
- New MOUs on establishment
of Indo-Russian Lasers & Accelerator Centre, Non-ferrous Metallurgy Centre
and Biomedical Technology Centre.
- Letter of Intent with Hungarian National
Authority for Research (NKTH) for a dedicated funding of 1 million towards
bilateral scientific programmes.
- Memorandum of Understanding with Canadian
Light Sources, Saskatoon for bilateral scientific cooperation.
the constitution of India-UK Science and Innovation Council at the Ministerial
level, bilateral cooperation has picked up momentum. A new orientation has been
given with major focus on specific areas of Nano science & technology; Biotechnology
including Stem Cell Research; Telecommunications; Climate Change and Weather Forecasting;
and New Energy including Hydrogen energy.
- DST-UK India Education and
Research Initiative (DST-UKIERI) has been developed to provide support to joint
research projects under Standard Awards and Major Awards.
Under Standard Award Category, 13 Indo-UK joint projects have been agreed for
implementation w.e.f. April 2008. It has also been agreed to support 3 joint projects
in the Major Award category.
MoU for establishing Indo-German S&T Centre in India was signed in the presence
of Prime Minister of India and German Chancellor on October 30, 2007. The MoU
was signed by Shri Kapil Sibal, Minister for S&T and ES from the Indian side
while Dr Annette Schavan, Federal Minister for Education & Research inked
the document from German side (Figure 6.1). The Indo-German Centre would facilitate
participation of Industry from both sides in R&D projects. Two sides have
committed to allocate 2 million euros each per year for next 5 years to support
public private partnership projects.
6.1: Signing of MoU for establishment of Indo-German S&T Centre in India by
Shri Kapil Sibal, Honble Minister for S&T and ES and Dr Annette Schavan,
Federal Minister for Education & Research in presence of Indian Prime Minister
and German Chancellor |
- An MoU was also
signed on 30th October 2007 between DST and Lindau Foundation for participation
of young India researchers in the annual meeting of Nobel Laureates & Students
in Germany. The MoU was signed by Secretary DST and Chairman, Lindau Foundation.
Under this MoU, India will depute 25 young Indian researchers each year for the
meeting of Nobel Laureates & Students and the expenses shall be shared by
DST, Lindau Foundation and German Research Foundation (DFG).
Executive POC for the period 2008-2011 was concluded in Nov 2007. Each side has
agreed to allocate funds to the tune of 2 million Swiss Franks each year for next
4 years. The support will be available for joint research projects in basic and
applied research (industrial R&D projects), creation of joint Centres of Excellence,
Joint utilization of Facilities etc.
- Under DST-KEK Collaboration, a letter
of Intent was signed with Photon Factory, KEK to fabricate an India e-beam line
at KEK with joint efforts of Indian and Japanese experts. A DPR is expected to
be finalized soon and an MoU would be signed subsequently.
Union Coordinated (Joint) Call for Proposal in Computational Material Science:
Within the framework of the EU-India S&T Cooperation Agreement. The European
Commission and DST worked towards finalization of India-EU Coordinated (Joint)
Call in Computational Materials Science. Identified India-EU Research Projects
will be funded out of Euro 5 Million from EC and similar level of funding from
Ministerial & Scientific Missions
Level Visits from India
Several high level visits were undertaken
to intensify cooperation in S&T. These visits included:
Kapil Sibal Minister for Science, Technology and Earth Sciences chaired one of
the sessions namely, S&T for Development-Emerging & Inherited Challenges
of the UNESCO Ministerial Round on S&T for Development held at Paris, November
26-27, 2007 as a special event during the 34th UNESCO General Conference. The
event aimed at identifying the priority needs to guide and inspire UNESCO action
and budgetary allocation in S&T, in view of launching of UNESCO Medium Term
Honble Minister for
S&T and ES led the Indian delegation for the meeting on Climate Change held
at Bali during January 7-8, 2008.
Secretary DST to Ukraine for the meeting of India Ukraine Joint Science &
Technology Committee (October 2007)
Dr. T. Ramasami, Secretary DST to Australia for the meeting of India Australia
Joint Science & Technology Committee (March 2008)
of Indian delegation led by Professor CNR Rao, Chairman, SAC-PM to Russia in October
2007 for ILTP Joint Council. Delegation included Secretaries of DST and DIT and
eminent Indian scientists.
Visit of Indian
delegation led by Dr P Chidambaram, PSA to Canada for discussion on cooperation
with Canadian Light Sources
Visit of Honble
Minister to Australia in February 2008
of Secretary, DST to Belgium in September 2007 for first meeting of the Joint
of Foreign Dignitaries to India
Similarly, several visits
of Foreign dignitaries took place. These included:
high level delegation from Germany led by Dr Angela Markel, German Chancellor
paid an official visit to India on 30th Oct 2007. Federal Minister for Education
& Research was also part of this high level delegation. The German Federal
Minister had bilateral discussions with Honble Minister for S&T and
ES and discussed ways and means to further enhance the scope of Indo-German S&T
Programmes particularly developing major projects in environmental technologies
and security research
Call on visits of Canadian
Premiers of the provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec with Honble
Minister for S&T and ES for strengthening bilateral cooperation.
on visit of New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister and Minister in charge of Tertiary
Education with Honble Minister for S&T and ES for strengthening bilateral
Call on visit of Honble
Minister of Strategic Planning of Federal Republic of Brazil with Honble
Minister for S&T and ES for exploring the areas of co-operation of social
relevance to the two sides.
Call on visits
by ministers of France, Nepal, Norway, Srilanka, Cerbia and US Health Secretary
for discussing bilaleral cooperation.
M.M. Ritzen, President of the University of Maastricht, Netherlands accompanied
by a delegation visited India from 21st 26th August, 2007 to explore the
possibilities of cooperation in research.
Maria Luisa Revilla, Adviser, Department of Education and Culture, Office of Spanish
Prime Minister visited DST on 9th October, 2007 for discussions on strengthening
Call on visit of a delegation
of Presidents of American Universities with Honble Minister for S&T
and ES for identifying avenues of mutual cooperation.
20 years of successful
implementation of Integrated Long Term Programme of Cooperation in Science &
Technology between India and Russia (ILTP) was celebrated in Moscow during the
14th Session of ILTP Joint Council meeting on October 11-12, 2007. Most of the
Indian and Russian ILTP area coordinators and Centre Coordinators participated
in the function. A publication on 20 years of Accomplishments was jointly released.
Visit of Indian delegation on Photonics to
Canada for discussions on bilateral scientific cooperation during September 2007.
Under DSTJSPS Exploratory visit Programme,
18 Indian scientists visited Japan and 7 Japanese scientists in the areas of Material
Science, Manufacturing Science, Modern Biology & Biotechnology, Astronomical
and Space Science, Molecular Sciences and Surface & Interface Sciences visited
India. The exchange visits of scientists helped in developing networking and formulating
new joint projects on mutually agreed topics.
a follow-up of the recommendation made at the First Meeting of the Indo-Chinese
Steering Group, set up at the Ministerial Level, a series of one-to-one Meetings
between the Nodal Officers in each of the five topics were held in Beijing during
November/December 2007. The areas covered include:- i) Nanoscience and technology;
ii) Climate change and weather Forecasting; iii) Biotechnology including Nan-Bio;
iv) Seismology and Earthquake Engineering. The recommendation of these Nodal Officers
will be taken up at the next Meeting of the Joint S&T Committee.
from India and Iceland visited each other to discuss Cooperation on Earthquake
Precursor Research. A Joint workshop was organised at Hyderabad to discuss detailed
S&T Events In Partnership With Indian
Conference India R&D 2007: Innovation Advantage India
International Conference India R&D 2007: Innovation Advantage India
was organized in association with FICCI on 5-6 December 2007 (Figure 6.2). Honble
Minister, Shri Kapil Sibal, inaugurated the Conference & Exhibition. In his
Inaugural Address, he mentioned the huge responsibility before Indian innovators
in finding low-cost solutions to the problems faced by India. He pointed out that
one of the ways is to help devise innovative technologies to boost farm production
and bring the huge rural population into the mainstream. He emphasized the need
to build institutes of excellence in partnership with Industry to enable India
to move up the value chain and meet global competition. This challenge has to
be met by the policy makers by freeing academia from government control; he said
and urged the private sector to invest a lot more in R&D as a business, not
as a cost-centre as at the heart of 8%-9% growth was investment in R&D.
6.2: Inauguration Global Conference India R&D 2007: Innovation Advantage
Technology Summit, New Delhi with
Belarus as partner country, organized with CII and GITA, November 2007: Belarusian
companies were invited to participate in Technology Summit, which was held at
New Delhi during 15-18 November 2007.
Joint S&T Committee Meetings
The fourteenth Session of the Indo-Russian Joint Council for the implementation
and coordination of the Integrated Long-Term Programme (ILTP) of Cooperation in
Science and Technology was held in Moscow during October 11-12, 2007. The Indian
and Russian delegations were led by Professor C.N.R. Rao, Chairman, Scientific
Advisory Council to the Prime Minister and Academician GI Marchuk, Institute of
Numerical Mathematics, Moscow. The Council reviewed on-going activities and also
discussed future form of ILTP. The Joint Council reviewed over 110 ongoing ILTP
projects and recommended 74 of these projects for continuation. 50 new project
proposals were considered for collaboration and inclusion of 33 new projects in
the programme was approved. Indian side conferred Diamond Jubilee Professorships
on to four eminent Russian scientists, Academician GI Marchuk, Academician Yu
S Osipov, Academician OM Belotserkovsky and Academician FA Kuznetsov.
Third meeting of Indo-Russian Working Group on Technology was held at Moscow
on October 5-8, 2007. It was agreed to have two separate Working groups on Science
& Technology and Information & Communication Technologies.
III. First meeting of the Indo-Tajik Joint
S&T Committee was held in Dushanbe during August 1011, 2007. Road map
for strengthening bilateral cooperation was worked-out.
Fifth Meeting of the Indo-Bulgarian Joint Committee for Science and Technology
was held in New Delhi on November 12, 2007. The meeting was co-chaired by Dr.
T. Ramasami, Secretary, DST and Dr. Mrs. Vania Dobreva, Deputy Minister of Education
& Science, respectively. Continuation of 24 ongoing projects was approved.
9 new projects were approved for joint implementation.
The fourth meeting of the Inter-Governmental Indian - Belarusian Committee
on Co-operation in Science and Technology was convened on April 15-16, 2007
in New Delhi. Dr. T Ramasami, Secretary, DST and Mr. Vladimir E. Matioushkov,
Chairman of the State Committee on Science and Technology of the Republic of Belarus
co-chaired the meeting. 23 joint R&D projects were recommended for continuation.
VI. The 2nd session of the Indo-Croatian Joint Science & Technology
Committee was held in New Delhi on 17-18 May 2007. Shri Y P Kumar, Adviser
& Head (IC), DST and Dr. Radovan Fuchs, Assistant Minister for International
Cooperation, Government of Croatia co-chaired the meeting. The Joint Committee
worked upon the guidelines for development of industrial R&D programme, which
was launched subsequently. 12 joint project proposals have been received, which
are being evaluated jointly.
VII. Fifth Meeting
of the Indo - Ukrainian Joint Committee for Science and Technology was
held in Kyiv during October 23-24, 2007. The meeting was co-chaired by Professor
Andriy Gurzhiy, First Deputy Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine, and
Dr. T. Ramasami, Secretary, DST. Committee approved 11 new projects for implementation.
VIII. 3rd Meeting of Indo - Brazil Science
Council was held at Rio de Janeiro Brazil during May 3031st, 2007. The Meeting
was co-chaired by Prof. C.N.R. Rao, Chairman SAC-PM and Prof. Jacob Palis, President,
Brazilian Academy of Sciences from Brazilian side. The Council finalized and approved
the scientific program for 2007-08. It was also agreed to issue the Joint Call
for Proposals shortly.
IX. The 11th Meeting of
the India-Japan Science Council (IJSC) was held in New Delhi on 29-31 January,
2008. The council reviewed the ongoing programme and finalized activities for
20082009. 26 proposals in the areas of Material Science, Manufacturing Science,
Modern Biology & Biotechnology, Astronomical and Space Science, Molecular
Sciences and Surface & Interface Sciences have been agreed for implementation
X. Meeting of the Indo-French
Joint Committee on S&T was held in Delhi and a new Inter governmental
Programme of Cooperation in Science & Technology (POC) between India and France
was signed. Support was continued to joint Indo-French Laboratories on Organic
Synthesis, Indo-French Institute of Mathematics and Solid State Chemistry; Joint
workshops on Organic Synthesis, Nano-biotechnology, Innovation, Computer Science.
Research Network programme in the areas of water, laser and optical fiber &
communication have been initiated. Meetings were held to establish an Indo-French
Institute on Water Technology.
XI. Meeting of
the Joint working group with South Africa was held in Delhi in April, 2007.
The first meeting of the India-Sweden Joint Working Group on S&T was held
and a POC was signed with VINNOVA.
of India-Thailand Joint Commission took place in Bangkok during September,
2007. The Meeting took note of status of S&T cooperation. Following the conclusion
of a Programme of Cooperation between DST and the Thailand Ministry of Science
and Technology, 24 joint research proposals have been received and are at various
stages of processing. It is expected that around 12 proposals will be ready for
XIV. A Memorandum of Understanding
was concluded between the India-Taipei Association (ITA) and Taiwan Economic
and Cultural Centre (TECC) at Taipei on 18 April, 2007. The identified topics
cover i) Nano-science and technology; ii) Functional Genomics; iii) Earthquake
engineering-Retrofit of Buildings; iv) Organic Chemistry; and v) Utilization of
Synchrotron Radiation Facility in each others country. First Meeting of the India-Taipei
Joint S&T Committee took place in Taipei on 19 December, 2007. A 3-member
Indian Scientific Team participated in the deliberations.
The seventh meeting of the Indo-Chinese Joint S&T Committee was held
in Beijing. A Programme of Cooperation was drawn for implementation during the
next 2 years.
XVI. The first meeting of the India-
Norway Joint Working Group on S&T was held and a POC was discussed with
the Norwegian Research Council in Delhi during June, 2007 to initiate collaborative
XVII. Two Meetings of India -
ASEAN Working Group were held separately in India and Indonesia. Aspects relating
to Science and Technology were covered in the deliberations. Apart from implementation
of Training Programmes in Information and joint project on Thermally Sprayed Coatings,
significant outcome have been in the form of :
Creation of ASEAN-India Science and Technology Development Fund with contribution
of around Rs. 20 million each from DST and MEA;
Organisation of Childrens Science Congress with participation of ASEAN/
ASEAN Member States;
iii) A Newsletter on Advanced
Materials is to be brought on a regular basis.
The project proposals to be
supported under the Technology Development Fund relate to i)
Setting up of
a Technology Innovation and Commercialisation Centre; ii) Setting up of Institute
of Intellectual Property Rights; iii) Programme to Create networks on Food Security
in the ASEAN Region
XVIII. 4th Meeting of India-EC
Science & Technology Steering Committee was held at New Delhi on November
8, 2007. It was co-chaired by Dr. T. Ramasami Secretary DST and Dr. Jose Manuel
Silva Rodriguez, Director General Research European Commission. This meeting accorded
its approval on:
Renewal of India-EC
S&T Cooperation Agreement Draft Text for another five years 20072012 to allow
continuity in the scientific and technological relations/cooperative actions between
India and the European Union in line with impetus and strategic direction given
especially by India-EU Ministerial Science Conference in India (Feb. 7-82007);
with EC Research & Enterprises Directorate to prepare for 2008 India -EU Strategic
Workshop in India on European best practices and experiences on innovation networks
and centres especially in fields such as advanced manufacturing practices-automobiles;
biomedical sciences, biotechnology and pharmaceuticals; nanotechnology. Such an
insight will augment Indian initiatives on innovation clusters, innovation-incubation
- May 2008 India-EU Strategic Workshop on New &
Renewable Energy Research Cooperation with focus on: (i) Affordable priced solar
photovoltaic products/ systems; (ii) Conversion of urban municipal and industrial
waste into energy; (iii) Solar photovoltaic systems using new alternate materials;
(iv) Solar thermal system based electricity generation; (v) Advanced biomass gasification;
(vi) Hydrogen energy production, storage and transport related applications.
of 2008-2009 India-EU Joint (Coordinated) Call in New & Renewable Energy.
of India-EU Portal for uploading active researchers, their domain of specialization,
their recent past collaborative research projects undertaken at behest of EC/
EU Member States / GOI
Indo- Belgium Joint Committee meeting was held in Brussels. It was co-chaired
by Secretary. DST from the Indian side. Discussions were held on joint development
of accesseries/instruments for the upcoming telescope of ARIES.