Annual Report 1999-2000
National Science And Technology Management
Information System (NSTMIS)
The National Science & Technology Management
Information System (NSTMIS) division continued its efforts
of generating and making available information on resources
both manpower as well as financial devoted to scientific and
technological (S&T) activities by conducting national
surveys both through in-house as well as sponsored studies.
(i) S&T Resources Studies
Based on the national survey on resources devoted to research
and development activities for the year 1996-97, two national
level reports entitled "Research and Development Statistics
1996-97" and a sectoral report entitled "Research
and Development in Industry 1996-97" were brought out
during the year under report.
The salient features of the latest survey for the year 1996-97
are that the national investment on research and development
(R&D) activities attained a level of Rs.8340.17 crore
which was 0.66% of Gross National Product. The major share
of R&D expenditure was met from Central Government sources
(69.7%). State Governments share in R&D expenditure being
8.7% and the remaining 21.6% being met from the private industry.
More than 3.35 lakhs personnel were employed in R&D establishments.
The report provides detailed data and analyses both at macro
and micro levels besides containing other relevant secondary
sources data related to S&T.
The sectoral report on Research & Development in Industry
1996-97 provides detailed information on the financial and
human resources devoted to industrial R&D activities.
The industry comprising public and private together spent
Rs.2333.01 crore and was 0.49% of sales turnover on R&D
activities. The report also gives detailed analysis of data
in respect of R&D expenditure by industry groups, by fields
of science, by objectives, by location of R&D centres
and by R&D manpower etc. Next national survey for collecting
data on resources devoted for research and development activities
for the year 1998-99 was launched during the year. Questionnaires
have been mailed to nearly 2797 R&D establishments from
central, state and industrial sectors.
(ii) Information System/Database Activities
With a view to disseminate information on research and
development (R&D) projects for the benefit of different
interest groups, the National Science and Technology Management
Information System (NSTMIS) division of the Department of
Science and Technology (DST) continued its effort to compile
information on extramural R&D projects funded by different
central agencies. Besides maintaining a computerised database
on extramural R&D projects from 1985-86 onwards, the department
publishes annually a directory of extramural research and
development projects funded during the year. The preparation
of the directory for the year 1998-99 is in progress and the
Directory is expected to be published during the year.
The directory for the year 1997-98, eighth in the series,
contains information on 1780 new R&D projects approved
by 16 central government departments/agencies. The total approved
cost of these projects was Rs.218.57 crores. Projects in Engineering
& Technology (37%), Biological Sciences (21%) and Earth
Sciences (13%) together cost about 71% of the total R&D
support. Forty seven percent of the total support was given
to the academic sector. The National Laboratories under Central
Government received 46% of the total financial support. Among
the funding agencies, the extramural R&D support by DST
was higher (Rs.52.50 crores) compared to other agencies closely
followed by Department of Electronics (49.23 crores).
(iii) Sponsored Studies
The scientific and technological activities
play a vital role in the economic, social and physical development
of a country. Scientific and technological research needs
huge investments and calls for a judicious utilization of
scarce resources like investment, trained manpower, raw materials
etc. The growth of science and technology, its performance
and impact on society and economy are indicators to assess
the effectiveness of planning and policy formulation. For
this purpose, it is necessary to build science and technology
information on a continuous basis. The National Science and
Technology Management Information System (NSTMIS) under the
Department of Science and Technology is entrusted with the
task of collection, collation, analysis and dissemination
of vital S&T information at a national level.
With a view to build reasonable database/analyses on S&T
investment, S&T manpower availability/deployment/gap and
S&T indicators, a number of studies were sponsored and
the reports of these studies were widely disseminated to planners,
policy makers and S&T community.
The following new projects were approved /commissioned during
- Research & Development activities in Small Scale Industries
of Madhya Pradesh in last three years (1994-97). M.P. Consultancy
Organisation Ltd., Bhopal.
- Study on the Performance of S&T students of the Universities
in the N. E. Region, in selected National Eligibility Tests.
Institute of Advanced Study in Science & Technology,
- Study of R&D in small-scale industries in Karnataka
- The following projects were completed during the year:
- Employment of Persons with disabilities in the S&T
Sector The Status and Prospects.
- Electronics Communication and Information Technology infrastructure
for India Vision 2020 and Globalisation.
- Assessment of Anticipated gaps in Demand and Supply position
of S&T Manpower (Engineering Graduates) in the present
and future years keeping in view the national priorities
and the New/Emerging Areas.
- Role of In-house R&D in Indian Industry.
- IT Profile at Bangalore.
- Assessment of Brain Drain among Jawaharlal Nehru Technological
University Colleges of Engineering Graduates: Methodologies
(iv) International Collaboration
The Department has been maintaining liaison with UNESCO and
other concerned International/ national agencies for the S&T
and related statistics.