The Nobel Prize - 2012
"for studies of G-protein-coupled receptors"
Robert J. Lefkowitz
Brian K. Kobilka
Affiliation at the time of the award: Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA
Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA
Born: 1943, New York, NY, USA
Born: 1955, Little Falls, MN, USA
In Physiology or Medicine
"for the discovery that mature cells can be reprogrammed to become pluripotent"
Sir John B. Gurdon
Gurdon Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom
Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan, Gladstone Institute, San Francisco, CA, USA
Born. 1933, Dippenhall, United Kingdom
" for ground-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems"
David J. Wineland
Affiliation at the time of the award: Collège de France, Paris, France, École Normale Supérieure, Paris, France
Affiliation at the time of the award: National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, CO, USA, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, USA
Born: 1944, Casablanca, Morocco
Born: 1944, Milwaukee, WI, USA