"for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems"
|Martin Karplus||Michael Levitt||Arieh Warshel|
|Affiliation at the time of the award: Universit de Strasbourg, Strasbourg, France, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA||Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA, USA||Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA|
|Born: 15 March 1930, Vienna, Austria||Born: 9 May 1947, Pretoria, South Africa||Born: 20 November 1940, Kibbutz Sde-Nahum, Israel|
In Physiology or Medicine
"for their discoveries of machinery regulating vesicle traffic, a major transport system in our cells"
|James E. Rothman||Randy W. Schekman||Thomas C. Südhof|
Affiliation at the time of the award: Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA
|Affiliation at the time of the award: University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute|| |
Affiliation at the time of the award: Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
|Born: 3 November 1950, Haverhill, MA, USA||Born: 30 December 1948, St. Paul, MN, USA||Born: 22 December 1955, Goettingen, Germany|
" for the theoretical discovery of a mechanism that contributes to our understanding of the origin of mass of subatomic particles, and which recently was confirmed through the discovery of the predicted fundamental particle, by the ATLAS and CMS experiments at CERN's Large Hadron Collider"
|François Englert||Peter W. Higgs|
Affiliation at the time of the award: Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium
|Affiliation at the time of the award: University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom|
|Born: 6 November 1932, Etterbeek, Belgium||Born: 29 May 1929, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom|