Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi
National Science Academy was established in January 1935
with the object of promoting science in India and harnessing
scientific knowledge for the cause of humanity and national
welfare. The foundation of the Academy, earlier known as the
National Institute of Sciences of India (NISI), was the outcome
of joint endeavours of several organizations and individuals
and the Indian Science Congress Association (ISCA) playing
a leading role in this regard.
Towards the end of 1930, the then Government
of India wrote to various state (then provincial) Governments,
Scientific Departments, Learned Societies, Universities and
the Indian Science Congress Association seeking their opinion
on the desirability of forming a National Research Council
and its affiliated Unions. This period witnessed the visit
of Sir Richard Gregor, theEditor of Nature for discussions
with the Editor of Current Science for promotion of an Indian
Academy of Sciences. This proposal was considered by various
eminent scientists whose views regarding the composition and
resolution to the Indian Science Congress Association during
its Poona Session.
A special meeting of the later was held in Bombay
in January 1934 to consider the scheme. In response to the
plea made by the President of the Indian Science Congress,
Professor MN Saha in support of an Indian Academy of Sciences
on the model of Royal Society, London, the General Committee
of the Indian Science Congress Association unanimously accepted
the proposal for the formation of a national scientific society.
The committee formed an 'Academy Committee', which wassted
to submit a detailed report for consideration at the next
session of the Indian Science Congress Association. The committee
submitted the report at the next session of Indian Science
Congress Association in January 1935 incorporating:
- the aims and objects of the national scientific society
to be formed;
- draft constitution;
- names of 125 Foundation Fellows selected by a Special
Committee of Specialists; and
- names of 25 scientists as members of the provisional Council
of the Academy.
The report of the Academy Committee was placed
by Dr. LL Fremor, President of the 22nd Session of the Indian
Science Congress Association before a Special Meeting of the
Joint Committee on January 3, 1935. The recommendations of
the Academy Committee were accepted by unanimous resolution
by the Indian Science Congress Association and the foundation
of the National Institute of Sciences of India as an all-India
body of scientists was thus laid. An inaugural meeting of
the NISI was held on January 7, 1935 under the Chairmanship
of Dr.JH Hutton, President of the 23rd Session of the Indian
Science Congress Association in Calcutta and the Inaugural
address was delivered by the First President of NISI, Dr.
LL Fremor. The Institute, thus, started functioning with its
Headquarters at the Asiatic Society of Bengal, 1 Park Street,
Calcutta, from that day.
The issue of the Government recognising the
NISI as the representative body of the scientists was taken
up after ten years of its foundation. After due delibrations
and discussions, it decided to recognise the National Institute
as the premier scientific society representing all branches
of science in India in October 1945. The Headquarters of the
National Institute moved to Delhi in May 1946, and the Government
commenced providing increased grants to meet expenses on travel,
publications, research fellowships, and for allocating grants-in-aid
to other scientific societies for bringing out their publications.
A capital grant for the Headquarters building was also sanctioned
in 1948 by the Indian Government. The foundation stone of
the building was laid by the then Prime Minister of India,
on April 19, 1948. On completion of the building in 1951,
the Office of the National Institute of Sciences of India
moved to its present premises on Bahadur Shah Zafar NMarg,
New Delhi. The National Institute of Sciences of India was
designated as the adhering organization in India to the International
Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) on behalf of the Government
of India in January 1968.
The name of the National Institute of Sciences
of India was changed to the Indian National Science Academy
(INSA) in February 1970.
Its objectives encompass promotion of science
in India including its application to national welfare, safeguarding
the interests of the scientists, establishing linkages with
international bodies to foster collaboration and expressing
considered opinion on national issues.
The main objectives of the Indian National Science
- Promotion of scientific knowledge in India including its
practical application to problems of national welfare.
- Coordination among Scientific Academies, Societies, Institutions,
Government Scientific Departments and Services.
- To act as a body of scientists of eminence for the promotion
and safeguarding of the interests of scientists in India
and to present internationally the scientific work done
in the country.
- To act through properly constituted National Committees,
in which other learned academies and societies may be associated,
for undertaking scientific work of national and international
importance which the Academy may be called upon to perform
by the public and by the Government.
- To publish such proceedings, journals, memoirs and other
publications as may be found desirable.
- To promote and maintain liaison between Science and Humanities.
- To secure and manage funds and endowments for the promotion
- To perform all other acts that may assist in, or be necessary
for the fulfilment of the above-mentioned objectives of
For more information please contact:
INDIAN NATIONAL SCIENCE ACADEMY
Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg,
New Delhi - 110 002
Telephone: (91 - 11) 23221931-1950 (20 Lines)
Fax : 23235648 & 23231095
Email: esoffice at insa dot nic dot in
at insa dot nic dot in