Nobel Prizes - 2008

In Chemistry

"for the discovery and development of the green fluorescent protein, GFP"

Osamu Shimomura Martin Chalfie Roger Y. Tsien
1/3 of the prize 1/3 of the prize 1/3 of the prize
Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL)
Woods Hole, MA, USA
Columbia University
New York, NY, USA
University of California
San Diego
b. 1928 b. 1947 b. 1952




In Physiology or Medicine

"for his discovery of human papilloma viruses causing cervical cancer"

"for their discovery of human immunodeficiency virus"

Harald zur Hausen Fran-Sinoussi Luc Montagnier
1/2 of the prize 1/4 of the prize 1/4 of the prize
Germany France France
German Cancer Research Centre
Heidelberg, Germany
Regulation of Retroviral Infections Unit, Virology Department, Institut Pasteur
Paris, France
World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention
Paris, France
b. 1936 b. 1947 b. 1932




In Physics

"for the discovery of the mechanism of spontaneous broken symmetry in subatomic physics"

"for the discovery of the origin of the broken symmetry which predicts the existence of at least three families of quarks in nature"

Yoichiro Nambu Makoto Kobayashi Toshihide Maskawa
1/2 of the prize 1/4 of the prize 1/4 of the prize
USA Japan Japan
Enrico Fermi Institute, University of Chicago
Chicago, IL, USA
High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK) Tsukuba, Japan Kyoto Sangyo University; Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics (YITP), Kyoto University Kyoto, Japan
b. 1921 b. 1944 b. 1940