Nobel Prizes - 2009

In Chemistry

"for studies of the structure and function of the ribosome"

Venkatraman Ramakrishnan Thomas A. Steitz Ada E. Yonath
United Kingdom USA Israel
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Cambridge, United Kingdom Yale University
New Haven, CT, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
Born. 1952 Born. 1940 Born. 1939




In Physiology or Medicine

"for the discovery of how chromosomes are protected by telomeres and the enzyme telomerase"

Elizabeth H. Blackburn Carol W. Greider Jack W. Szostak
Australia USA United Kingdom
University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA, Howard Hughes Medical Institute
Born. 1948 Born. 1961 Born. 1952




In Physics

"for groundbreaking achievements concerning the transmission of light in fibers for optical communication"

"for the invention of an imaging semiconductor circuit – the CCD sensor"

Charles Kuen Kao Willard S. Boyle George E. Smith
China Canada USA
Standard Telecommunication Laboratories, Harlow, United Kingdom, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, NJ, USA
Born. 1933 Born. 1924 Born. 1930