Nobel Prizes - 2011

In Chemistry

" for the discovery of quasicrystals "

Dan Shechtman
Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, Israel
Born. 1941, Tel Aviv, Israel




In Physiology or Medicine

" for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity" and the other half to Ralph M. Steinman "for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity "

Bruce A. Beutler Jules A. Hoffmann Ralph M. Steinman
USA Luxembourg Canada

University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas, Dallas, TX, USA

Molecular and Cellular Biology Institut 
15, rue René Descartes 
67084 Strasbourg Cedex, FRANCE

Rockefeller University, New York, NY, USA
Born. 1957, Chicago, IL, USA Born. 1941, Echternach, Luxembourg

Born. 1943, Montreal, Canada

Died. 30 September 2011




In Physics

" for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae"

Saul Perlmutter Brian P. Schmidt Adam G. Riess

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA, University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA

Australian National University, Weston Creek, Australia Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA, Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD, USA
Born. 1959, Champaign-Urbana, IL, USA Born. 1967, Missoula, MT, USA Born. 1969, Washington, DC, USA